Giroie Le Goz d'Échauffour, Lord of Echauffour and Montreuil-l'Argillé

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Giroie Le Goz d'Échauffour (de Courcerault), Lord of Echauffour and Montreuil-l'Argillé

别名字号 "Girole le Goz /de Montreuil/"
生日
出生地 Heugon, Orne, Lower Normandy, France
逝世 卒于 in Montreiul, Pas-de-Calais, Picardy, France
直接亲属

Arnold I "le Gros" de CourceraultMrs. Arnold Le Gros之子
Gisla de Montfort-sur-Risle的丈夫
Arnold Giroie; Herembergh Giroie; Hawise d'Échauffour; Fulk Giroie; Robert de Saint Cyner (Giroie)另外5个之父
(Child) Le Gros的兄弟

Occupation: Sieur, d'Echauffour, de Montreuil-l'Argillé, d'Enghein, de Gisla, de Batenbourg
管理员 Wills杰森 (斯科特)
最近更新

About Giroie Le Goz d'Échauffour, Lord of Echauffour and Montreuil-l'Argillé

Vital Statistics

  • Also called Geroius. Son of Arnaud (Arnold) "le Gros" and his wife (whose parents are unknown). Died in 1050 or after. Married Gisla, daughter of Thurstan de Bastembourg. Their eleven children were: Arnaud, Folques, Guillaume, Raoul, Robert, Hugues, Giroie, Heremburge, Emma, Adelais and Hawise.

Sources and Notes

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMAN%20NOBILITY.htm#ArnaudEchaffourdied1065

GIROIE [Geroius], son of ARNAUD "le Gros" & his wife --- (-1050 or after). Son of Arnold according to Orderic Vitalis, he fought with Guillaume de Bellême against Herbert Comte du Maine[199]. Seigneur d'Echauffour et de Montreuil[200], although it is not clear whether Giroie retained these properties after the death of his betrothed whose dowry they were. Guillaume de Jumièges records that Giroie was "issu de deux nobles familles de Francs et de Bretons" and went with Guillaume de Bellême to the court of Duke Richard who granted him the castles of Montreuil et d'Echauffour[201]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that in 1050 Giroie founded the monastery of Saint-Evroul with his grandsons Robert and Hugues de Grantmesnil[202].

Betrothed to ---, daughter of HEUGON. Orderic Vitalis records this betrothal, stating that her dowry was Montreuil and Echauffour, and that she died before the marriage could take place[203].

m GISLA, daughter of THURSTAN de Bastembourg & his wife ---. Guillaume de Jumièges records the marriage of Giroie and Gisela daughter of "Toustain de Montfort" and names their seven sons and four daughters, in order, "Ernauld, Foulques qui périt avec le comte Gilbert, Guillaume, Raoul Male-Couronne, Robert, Hugues et Giroie et les filles Heremburge, Emma, Adelaide et Hadvise"[204]. Orderic Vitalis names her and her father, as well as her seven sons and four daughters[205].

Giroie & his wife had eleven children:

1. ARNAUD de Montreuil . Orderic Vitalis names him and gives his parentage, saying that he was "accidentally thrown against the sharp corner of a step during a friendly wrestling match with another young athlete at Montreuil…and after breaking three ribs, died within three days"[206]. m ---. The name of Arnaud's wife is not known. Arnaud & his wife had one child:

2. GUILLAUME (-5 Feb ----). Guillaume de Jumièges records that "Guillaume fils de Giroye" fought the comte du Mans[208], dated to the early 1030s from the context of the passage. Son of Giroie according to Orderic Vitalis, who recounts that he was "unjustly and cruelly mutilated" by Guillaume "Talvas" son of Guillaume de Bellême who "blinded and emasculated him and cropped his ears"[209]. In another passage, Orderic Vitalis records that "Guillaume fils de Giroie et…ses neveux Hugues de Grentemenil et Robert don frère" restored the monastery of Ouche de Saint-Evroul[210]. Robert of Torigny's De Immutatione Ordinis Monachorum records that "Willermus filius Geroii monachus Becci et nepotes eius Robertus et Hugo de Grentemaisnil" restored "monasterium Sancti Ebrulfi apud Uticum"[211]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that "Guillaume son of Giroie" was blinded and mutilated on the orders of Guillaume [II] "Talvas" Sire d'Alençon after the latter's second marriage, becoming a monk at Bec three years later[212]. He went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem twice, renouncing the world and taking monastic vows at the abbey of Bec after his second journey[213]. The necrology of the monastery of Ouche records the death "5 Feb" of "Guillelmus filius Geroii fundator hujus cœnobii"[214]. m firstly HILTRUDE, daughter of FULBERT de Beina & his wife ---. Orderic Vitalis names her and her father, as well as her son[215]. m secondly EMMA, daughter of WALKELIN de Tannée & his wife ---. Orderic Vitalis names her and her father, as well as her son [216]. Guillaume & his first wife had one child:

3. FOULQUES (-murdered 1040). Orderic Vitalis gives his parentage, says he was a minor when his father died, specifies that he held ½ fee of Montreuil and that he was killed by Gilbert de Brionne[233]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that "Foulque fils de Giroie" was killed at the same time as Gilbert Comte d'Eu[234], dated to the early part of the reign of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy from the context of the passage. Foulques had two illegitimate children by an unknown mistress:

4. RAOUL "Malacorona/ill-tonsured" . Orderic Vitalis gives his parentage, lists him as the fourth son but in another passage calls him the "fifth brother" after Robert, saying that he was a minor when his father died and retired as a monk at Marmoutier, dying 6 years later[237]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that "Raoul surnommé le Clerc" brother of "Guillaume son of Giroie" tried unsuccessfully to dissuade his brother from attending the second marriage of Guillaume [II] "Talvas" Sire d'Alençon, after which Guillaume was attacked[238]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that Robert and Raoul avenged the mutilation of their brother Guillaume by devastated the lands of Guillaume [II] "Talvas" Sire d'Alençon[239]. Orderic Vitalis names "Mala-corona" as herald of Bohémond of Apulia at the siege of Antioch[240], although it is not certain that this was the same person.

5. ROBERT (-6 Feb after [1060/61], bur St-Evroul[241]). Son of Giroie, minor when his father died, he restored the monastery of Ouches in 1050 with his brother Guillaume[242]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that "Robert fils de Giroie" was one of those responsible for the murder of Gilbert Comte d'Eu[243]. Guillaume de Jumièges

6. HUGUES . Orderic Vitalis gives his parentage, lists him as the seventh son but in another passage calls him the "sixth brother" after Raoul, says he was a minor when his father died, and that he was "mortally wounded by an ill-aimed shaft carelessly thrown by his squire"[266].

7. GIROIE . Orderic Vitalis gives his parentage, says he was a minor when his father died, and raided the land of the church of Lisieux, perishing in a fit of madness on his return to Montreuil "in the flower of his youth"[267].

8. EREMBURGE . Orderic Vitalis gives her parentage, as well as the name of her husband and two sons[268]. m WALKELIN de Pont-Echanfrey, son of ---. Named as husband of Eremburge by Orderic Vitalis[269]. Walkelin & his wife had two children:

9. HAWISE . Orderic Vitalis gives her parentage, her two husbands and seven children, six by her first marriage, one by her second[275]. m firstly ROBERT de Grantmesnil, son of --- (-killed in battle 17 or 18 Jun 1036). m secondly GUILLAUME d'Evreux, son of ROBERT Comte d'Evreux Archbishop of Rouen [Normandy] & his mistress Herleva ---. He is named by Orderic Vitalis, who specifies that he was "son of Archbishop Robert"[276].

10. EMMA . Orderic Vitalis gives her parentage, and also names her husband, two sons and two grandsons[277]. m ROGER de Merlerault, son of ---. Roger & his wife had two children:

11. ADELAIS . Orderic Vitalis names "quarta filia [Geroii] Adelais", records her marriage to "Salomoni de Sablolio", and names their child "Rainaldum" adding that "cujus proles…Lisiardus" is now a supporter of Henry I King of England in Anjou[282]. m SALOMON de Sablé, son of ---.

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Giroie, Lord of Échauffour

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giroie,_Lord_of_%C3%89chauffour

Giroie, Lord of Échauffour

  • Spouse(s) Gisle of Montfort-sur-Risle
  • Noble family Giroie
  • Father Arnold-le-Gros, of Courcerault
  • Died 1033
  • Normandy

Giroie (Latin: Geroianus, a.k.a. Géré) († 1033), Lord of Echauffour and Montreuil-l'Argillé. a knight from Brittany who became a Norman nobleman and the progenitor of a large family in Normandy, England, and Apulia.

Career

Giroie was the son of Arnold-le-Gros, of Courcerault, who was in turn the son of Abbo the Breton.[1] Giroie's arrival in Normandy from Brittany did not apparently raise concerns with Richard II, Duke of Normandy, but was challenged by Gilbert, Count of Brionne whose lands nearby were threatened by the newcomer and his followers.[2] Duke Richard intervened only to maintain the peace in the area and not to repel the newly settled Giroie.[2]

Giroie was a formidable knight and a vassal of William of Bellême.[3] In battle against Herbert I, Count of Maine, William and his followers were overwhelmed and fled the battlefield, but Giroie and his small force held their ground and defeated Herbert's forces completely.[3] It was a famous victory at the time and Heugon, a powerful Norman, offered Giroie his only daughter in marriage along with the lordships of Montreuil, Echaufour and all adjoining lands.[3] Unfortunately, though, the lady died before the wedding could take place.[3] William de Beléme then introduced Giroie to Richard II, Duke of Normandy at Rouen,[a] who, in recognition of his great accomplishments granted the lands of Heugon to Giroie.[4] On returning from Rouen, Giroie then married Gisle, daughter of Thurston de Bastembourg lord of Montfort-sur-Risle.[3] He and several of his relatives were vassals of the de Belléme family.[5]

After succeeding to the lands of Heugon, Giroie discovered the ecclesiastical houses in his domain were under no bishopric.[6] He further inquired to find the most devout of the bishops surrounding his lands and found that to be Roger, Bishop of Lisieux.[6] Giroie then convinced several of his neighbors including Baldric de Bauquencei and his sons-in-law Wascelin du Pont-Echanfré and Roger de Merlerault to place their religious houses under the same bishopric.[6] They approached Roger, Bishop of Lisieux who granted their requests and further granted the clergy of these churches an exemption from any and all archdeacon’s visitations.[6] This same privilege was enforced after Giroie's death by his son William.[6]

Giroie, from his own funds, erected six churches, two of which were at Verneuces, one dedicated to St. Mary, mother of God, and the other to St. Paul, "doctor of the gentiles". The third, in a vill called Glos, in the Arrondissement of Lisieux.[3] Giroie died in 1033.[7] After his death, and only two of his sons being of age his lands were attacked again by Gilbert of Brionne, seeking an easy victory and wanting to add these lands to those of his own.[8] The two sons, gathering up all their kinsmen and vassals, soundly defeated Gilbert's forces.[8] By way of revenge the family of Giroie then took Sap by force.[8] At this point Robert I, Duke of Normandy stepped in and commending the brothers, knighting both of them, he caused Gilbert to cede Sap to them and implored all parties to end their war.[8]

Family

By Gisle Giroie had seven sons and four daughters:

  • Arnold d'Echauffour[6]
  • William fitz Giroie, was mutilated and blinded by William I Talvas; he was the father of William of Montreuil[9]
  • Fulk fitz Giroie[10]
  • Robert fitz Giroie, Lord of Saint-Céneri-le-Gérei.[11] His son Robert Giroie held the castle of Saint Ceneri against Henry I in 1118[12]
  • Ralph 'Ill-tonsured', a monk at Marmoutier Abbey, Tours[11]
  • Hugh fitz Giroie, died young[11]
  • Giroie fitz Giroie, died young[11]
  • Heremburge, married Wascelin du Pont-Echanfré. Her two sons, William and Ralph, were firm adherents of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Calabria[13]
  • Hawise de Echauffour, wife of Robert de Grandmesnil, and secondly of William d'Évreux[14]
  • Emma, married Robert Melrant[13]
  • Adela, who married Solomon de Sable[13]

His sister Hildegarde had three sons and eleven daughters, who being married to notable men all had sons who played important parts in the wars in France, England, and Apulia.[b][3]

Notes

  1. Jump up ^ For a continuation of the relations between the families of Giroie and de Bellême, see the article William I Talvas.
  2. Jump up ^ Several key descendants are listed in: Daniel Power, The Norman frontier in the twelfth and early thirteenth centuries (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004), p. 515.
  3. References[edit]
  4. Jump up ^ Ordericus Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. I (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853), p. 389
  5. ^ Jump up to: a b David Bates, Normandy before 1066 (London; New York: Longman, 1982), p. 64
  6. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g Ordericus Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. I (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853), p. 390
  7. Jump up ^ J. C. Holt, 'Presidential Address: Feudal Society and the Family in Early Medieval England: II. Notions of Patrimony', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Fifth Series, Vol. 33 (1983), p. 215
  8. Jump up ^ K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Domesday People, A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166, Vol, I (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999), p. 262
  9. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Ordericus Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. I (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853), p. 392
  10. Jump up ^ David Bates, Normandy before 1066 (London; New York: Longman, 1982), p. 118
  11. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Ordericus Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. I (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853), p. 391
  12. Jump up ^ Ordericus Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. I (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853), pp. 392-93
  13. Jump up ^ Ordericus Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. I (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853), p. 393
  14. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Ordericus Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. I (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853), p. 394
  15. Jump up ^ Daniel Power, The Norman frontier in the twelfth and early thirteenth centuries (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004), p. 377 & n. 58
  16. ^ Jump up to: a b c Ordericus Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. I (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853), p. 395
  17. Jump up ^ Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band III Teilband 4 (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1989), Tafel 697

External links

The Giroie: An Eleventh–Twelfth Century Norman Noble Family

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Giroie DE ESCHAUFFON

   * Birth: 0970, Heugon, France
   * Death: 1020
   * Partnership with: Gisele DE BERTRANDE
         o Child: Hawise DE ESCHAUFFEN Birth: 1000, Heugon, Pas-de-Calais, France

Descendants of Giroie DE ESCHAUFFON

1 Giroie DE ESCHAUFFON

 =Gisele DE BERTRANDE
     2 Hawise DE ESCHAUFFEN
       =Robert DE GRANDMESNIL
           3 Hugh DE GRANDMESNIL
             =Adeliza DE BEAUMONT
           3 Robert DE GRANDMESNIL
           3 Arnold DE GRANDMESNIL

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Giroie Le Goz d'Échauffour, Lord of Echauffour and Montreuil-l'Argillé的年谱

968
968年
Heugon, Orne, Lower Normandy, France
1002
1002年
34岁
Of, Montreuil, Pas-En-Calais, France
1004
1004年
36岁
Of, Montreuil, Pas-En-Calais, France
1007
1007年
39岁
Échauffour, Normandy, France
1008
1008年
40岁
Of, Montreuil, Pas-En-Calais, France
1010
1010年
42岁
Montreuil, Pas-En-Calais, France
1012
1012年
44岁
Montreiul, Pas de Calais, France
1014
1014年
46岁
Montreuil, Pas-En-Calais, France
1016
1016年
48岁
Of, Montreuil, Pas-En-Calais, France