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About Lady Godiva
Godiva (or Godgifu) (fl. 1040-1080) was an Anglo-Saxon noblewoman who, according to legend, rode naked through the streets of Coventry in England in order to gain a remission of the oppressive toll imposed by her husband on his tenants. The name "Peeping Tom" for a voyeur comes from later versions of this legend in which a man named Tom watched her ride and was struck blind or dead."
Lady Godiva Buckingham, an Anglo-Saxon noblewoman, was the beautiful wife of Leofric III, Earl of Mercia and lord of Coventry.; She is known to have persuaded her husband to found monasteries at Coventry and Stow. The people of Coventry were suffering grievously under the earl's oppressive taxation. Lady Godiva appealed again and again to her husband, who obstinately refused to remit the tolls. At last, weary of her entreaties, he said he would grant her request if she would ride naked through the streets of the town. According to legend, she consented to ride naked through the town on a white horse; Lady Godiva took him at his word, and after issuing a proclamation that all persons should keep within doors or shut their windows, she rode through, clothed only in her long hair.; Only one person disobeyed her orders to remain indoors behind closed shutters; this man, a tailor known afterward as "Peeping Tom", bored a hole in his shutters that he might see Godiva pass and immediately became blind. Her husband kept his word and abolished the onerous taxes. The oldest form of this legend is in the 13th-century Flores Historiarum (Flowers of the Historians); A festival in her honor was instituted as part of Coventry Fair in 1678.The oldest form of the legend has Godiva passing through Coventry market from one end to the other while the people were assembled, attended only by two female (clothed) riders. This version is given in Flores Historiarum by Roger of Wendover (died 1236), a somewhat credulous collector of anecdotes, who quoted from an earlier writer. The still later story, with its episode of Peeping Tom, appeared first among 17th century chroniclers. Whether the Lady Godiva of this story is the Godiva or Godgifu ("gift of God") of history is undecided. Comment
Story: Lady Godiva
Godiva or Godgifu; was born about 1010, a sister of Thorold of Buckingham (Sheriff of Lincs.); she is the Lady Godiva of legend, and apparently is of an old, noble family. One correspondent claims her father was Earl of Lincolnshire.
Om Lady Godiva (Norsk)
Godiva Hustru i Coventry til jarlen av Mercia
Godgifu eller med sitt mest kjente navn Godiva (ca. 990 – 10. september 1067) var en angelsaksisk adelskvinne som i henhold til legenden red naken gjennom gatene i byen Coventry i England for å kunne be om at en urimelig skatt ble opphevet. Skatten var pålagt av hennes egen ektemann overfor dennes undersåtter. Det engelske begrepet «peeping Tom» for en som titter på nakne kvinner kommer fra denne hendelsen. I henhold til legenden var en mann ved navn Tom som så henne ri naken og øyeblikkelig ble blind.