Golda Meir 4th Prime Minister of Israel

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Golda Meir 4th Prime Minister of Israel (Mabovitch)

Hebrew: (מאבוביץ') מאיר גולדה, Russian: Голда Меир (Мабович)
Also Known As: "Golda /Meir/ Ґольда Мабович"
Birthdate: (80)
Birthplace: Kiev, Ukraine
Death: December 8, 1978 (80)
Kibbutz Revivim, Israel
Place of Burial: Jerusalem, Israel
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Moshe Itzhak Mabovitch and Bluma Mabovitch
Wife of Morris Meyerson
Mother of Menachem Meir (Meyerson) and Sarah Rahbi
Sister of Sheyna Korngold; Sara Mabovitch; Tzipora Klara Mabovitch; . Mabovitch; . Mabovitch and 2 others

Occupation: Israel prime minister and labor leader, Prime Minister
Managed by: Marlene Kempner Dobrin
Last Updated:

About Golda Meir 4th Prime Minister of Israel

" I have seen my five grandchildren grow up as Jews, in a country that is their own. Let no one have any doubts about this. Our children and our children's children will never settle for anything less." Golda Meir 1973

Golda Meir (born Golda Mabovitch, Голда Мабович; Golda Meyerson/Myerson between 1917–1956; May 3, 1898 – December 8, 1978) was a Ukrainian-born Israeli teacher, kibbutznik, stateswoman, politician and the fourth Prime Minister of Israel.

Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel on March 17, 1969, after serving as Minister of Labour and Foreign Minister. The world's fourth and Israel's first and only woman to hold such an office, she has been described as the "Iron Lady" of Israeli politics, though her tenure ended before that term was applied to British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Former Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion used to call Meir "the best man in the government"; she was often portrayed as the "strong-willed, straight-talking, grey-bunned grandmother of the Jewish people".

Meir resigned as prime minister in 1974, the year following the Yom Kippur War. She died in 1978 of lymphoma.

Israel prime minister and labor leader, was born in Kiev, Russia, where her father was a poor carpenter.

Golda returned to Russia 50 years later as Israel's first minister to Moscow, and was received by thousands of Jews who came to the Moscow Great Synagogue to meet her.

Extreme poverty caused Golda's family to emigrate to the United States in 1906 and settle in Milwaukee, where she later studied in the Normal School for Teachers. Childhood memories of Russian pogroms influenced Golda in becoming a Zionist. Being a socialist as well, she settled in Palestine in 1921 with her husband Morris Myerson, joining kibbutz Merhavyah. Although Golda Meir quickly adjusted to the hard conditions of kibbutz life, she soon became involved in political and social activities that took her away from the kibbutz.

In 1928 she became the executive secretary of Mo'ezet ha-Po'alot (women's labor union) and was sent as an emissary to the Pioneer Women's Organization in the United States from 1932--1934. On her return to Palestine in 1934, she joined the executive committee of the Histadrut (Israellabor union) and later became head of the political department of the Histadrut, a job which helped train her for her eventual role as leading statesman of Israel. In the 1940s, Golda Meir was a major figure during the struggle and difficult negotiations with the British mandatory government.

She took Moshe Sharett's place in 1946 as head of the political department of the Jewish Agency in Jerusalem until the establishment of the State in 1948. After that she was appointed minister to Moscow, a post she held until April 1949.

After being elected in 1949 to the Knesset as a Mapai party member, Golda Meir was appointed minister of labor. She began large scale housing and road building programs, and supported a policy of unrestricted immigration.

In 1956 she became foreign minister of Israel and held the post until 1965. As one of the few women to hold so high an office, Golda Meir became a famous international figure. Among her main achievements in foreign relations was extension of Israel aid to African nations. On her retirement from the foreign ministry, she became secretary-general of Mapai.

After the death of Levi Eshkol on February 26, 1969, Golda Meir became the fourth prime minister of Israel. As prime minister she encouraged the emigration of thousands of Soviet Jews to Israel, and strengthened relations with the United States.

Disaster overtook her administration on Yom Kippur, 1973 when Egypt and Syria caught Israel's defenses off guard in a coordinated surprise attack. Following bitter recriminations, Mrs. Meir submitted her resignation and that of her government on April 11, 1974. She continued as head of the caretaker government which successfully negotiated a disengagement of forces agreement with Syria (following an earlier one with Egypt), until the appointment of a new government under Yizhak Rabin on June 3. She then resigned her seat in the Knesset and retired into private life near her daughter and her grandchildren at Kibbutz Revivim.

О Голде Меир (русский)

Го́лда Ме́ир (ивр. ‏גולדה מאיר‏‎), фамилия по мужу — Меерсон (ивр. ‏מאירסון‏‎), урождённая Мабович (ивр. ‏מבוביץ׳‏‎, 3 мая 1898 года, Киев, Российская империя, — 8 декабря 1978 года, Иерусалим, Израиль) — израильский политический и государственный деятель, 5-й премьер-министр Израиля, министр внутренних дел Израиля, министр иностранных дел Израиля, министр труда и социального обеспечения Израиля.
Голда Меир родилась в Киеве, в Российской империи, в бедной еврейской семье[1]. В семье было 8 детей, 5 из которых (4 мальчика и девочка) умерли в младенчестве, выжили только Голда и 2 сестры — старшая Шейна (1889—1972) и самая младшая Клара (первоначально Ципка) (1902—1981).
Её отец Мойше-Ицхок (Моисей) Мабович работал плотником, а мать Блюма Мабович (в девичестве Найдич) работала кормилицей. Начало XX века в Киевской губернии ознаменовалось еврейскими погромами, поэтому многие евреи в России не чувствовали себя в безопасности. В 1903 году Мабовичи вернулись в Пинск, в дом бабушки и дедушки Голды.
В том же году Моисей Мабович уехал на заработки в США. Через три года (1906) Голда с сёстрами и матерью присоединились к нему в Америке. Здесь они поселились на севере страны в городе Милуоки, штат Висконсин.
В четвёртом классе Голда с подругой Региной Гамбургер (Regina Hamburger) организовали «Американское общество юных сестёр» для сбора денег на учебники для нуждающихся в них школьников. Речь маленькой Голды поразила собравшихся людей, и собранных денег хватило на учебники. Местная газета вышла с фотографией председателя «Общества юных сестёр» — это был первый снимок Голды Меир, напечатанный в газете

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Golda Meir 4th Prime Minister of Israel's Timeline

1898
May 3, 1898
Kiev, Ukraine
1924
1924
Age 25
1926
May 17, 1926
Age 28