Gauzlin du Maine, évêque de Paris

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Gauzlin du Maine

Also Known As: "Gozbert", "Gauzelin", "Goslin", "Joscelin"
Birthdate: (52)
Death: April 16, 886 (52)
Immediate Family:

Son of Roricon I, comte du Maine and Rotrude
Father of Gauzlin Maine
Brother of Louis, abbot of Saint-Denis; Rotrudis du Maine; Adeltrude du Maine and Godfrey, Count of Maine, son of Roricon I & Rotrude
Half brother of Bilichilde ii du Maine, daughter of Roricon II & Bilichilde, sister of Roricon III

Managed by: Sharon Lee Doubell
Last Updated:

About Gauzlin du Maine, évêque de Paris

Joscelin, Goslin, or Gauzlin (died 16 April 886), Bishop of Paris and defender of the city against the Northmen (885), was, according to some authorities, the son of Rorgon I, count of Maine, according to others the natural son of the emperor Louis I.

In 848 he became a monk, and entered a monastery at Reims, later he became abbot of St Denis. Like most of the prelates of his time he took a prominent part in the struggle against the Northmen, by whom he and his brother Louis were taken prisoners (858), and he was released only after paying a heavy ransom (Prudentii Trecensis episcopi Annales, ann. 858). From 855 to 867 he held intermittently, and from 867 to 881 regularly, the office of chancellor to Charles the Bald and his successors.

In 883 or 884 he was elected bishop of Paris, and foreseeing the dangers to which the city was to be exposed from the attacks of the Northmen, he planned and directed the strengthening of the defences, though he also relied for security on the merits of the relics of St Germain and St Genevieve. When the attack finally came (885), the defence of the city was entrusted to him and to Odo, Count of Paris, and Hugh the Abbot.

The city was attacked on November 26, and the struggle for the possession of the bridge (now the Pontau-Change) lasted for two days; but Joscelin repaired the destruction of the wooden tower overnight, and the Normans were obliged to give up the attempt to take the city by storm. The Siege of Paris lasted for about a year longer, while the emperor Charles the Fat was in Italy. Joscelin died soon after the preliminaries of the peace had been agreed on, worn out by his exertions, or killed by a pestilence which raged in the city. He was succeeded by Askericus.

[edit] SourcesDuval, Amaury. L'Evéque Gozlin ou le siege de Paris par les Normands, chronique du IX siècle. Paris, 1832. MacLean, Simon. Kingship and Politics in the Late Ninth Century: Charles the Fat and the end of the Carolingian Empire. Cambridge University Press: 2003.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.


There appear to be problematic loops / merges /splits /duplicates being made on the RORICON I to III & the GOSLIN I to III lines because of same name ancestors. As far as I can see, and I've included the references below - it should look like this below. (NB: This Goslin (804) is a brother of Roricon II, and a son of Roricon I, AND DOESN'T HAVE a NUMBER AS ONE OF THE COUNTS OF MAINE - possibly dying young? PLEASE DON'T MERGE HIM WITH ANY OF THE GOSLINS I,II, OR III unless you are sure this info is incorrect - in which case please let me know, and also enter your references below, so we can get it right together:

As a ‘starting off’ point, this is how it seems at the moment (December 2010) – Thanks, Sharon Doubell:

5. GOZLIN III (c860-907/914) m GODEHILDE CAROLINGIAN (c865)

4. Gozlin III was the son of RORICON III (c833-865), who had a sister BILICHILDE ii (832-858)

3. Roricon III & Bilichilde ii's parents were RORICON II (c808-858) m BILICHILDE i (c810)

2. Roricon II's parents were RORICON I (c770) m ROTRUDE CAROLINGIAN (c775 -6/6/1810)

1. Roricon I's parent was GOSLIN I (c740)

2. Goslin I's other son - ie Roricon I's brother - was GOSLIN II (c775-826) m ADELTRUDE CAROLINGIAN (c790)

3. Goslin II and Adeltrude had a son: DONALD, Count of Melun (c810-<860)

Note: a. The Roricons I to III seem to get mixed because the Bilichilde mother and daughter (wife & sister) get conflated. b. The Gozlins I to III seem to get conflated because Gozlin III is not in the direct line from Gozlin II, but comes through the 3 Roricons. (Also Roricon II has a brother Goslin (804) who doesn't have a number - possibly dying young?) c. Adeltrude Carolingian and Rotrude Carolingian appear to become conflated, and I'm still unsure that the data we are using here is the correct version of that.

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Gauzlin du Maine, évêque de Paris's Timeline

April 16, 886
Age 52