Hannah Clark Johnston Bailey

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Hannah Clark Bailey (Johnston)

Birthdate: (84)
Death: 1923 (84)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of David Johnston and Letitia Clark

Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Hannah Clark Johnston Bailey

Hannah Clark Johnston Bailey (July 5, 1839-October 23,1923) was born at Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, New York. She was the eldest of 11 children of a family of Quaker pacifists. Hannah Johnston taught for 10 years and then married Moses Bailey, a well-to-do Quaker factory owner. After he died in 1882, Hannah Bailey began her work in the Quaker schools, the Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), and from 1891 to 1897 was president of the Maine Woman Suffrage Association. Her most important contribution to American social reform was spreading the pacifist gospel as superintendent of the Department of Peace and Arbitration of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union from 1887 to 1916. Working from her home she published the Pacific Banner for adults and the Acorn for children, both monthly periodicals. She distributed many thousands of leaflets at Sunday Schools. She traveled widely, worked with women’s groups, ministers, editors and teachers. Her major target was war, but she also opposed prizefighting, lynching, capital punishment, martial toys, and military drill in schools. She also opposed conscription.

During the 1890’s she and other WCTU officials strove to get Congress to use arbitration in international disputes. In 1892, she presented to President Harrison a widely backed protest against American military force in the Chilean crisis. Bailey was deeply saddened when the WCTU emotionally endorsed the United States entry into World War I. Bailey directed the greatest women’s peace department of the 19th and early 20th centuries and spread doctrines of lasting influence. Bailey died in 1923 in Portland, Maine, aged 84.



Hannah Clark Johnston Bailey, née Johnston (born July 5, 1839, Cornwall-on-the-Hudson, New York, U.S.—died October 23, 1923, Portland, Maine), U.S. reformer who was a leading advocate of the peace movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

In 1868 she was married to Moses Bailey, a Maine manufacturer, who died in 1882. In 1883 Bailey joined the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. From 1887 to 1916 she headed its International Department of Peace and Arbitration; she published two widely circulated monthly periodicals, the Pacific Banner and the Acorn, and also distributed hundreds of thousands of pacifist leaflets.

Bailey travelled widely throughout the United States to promote pacifism, temperance, and woman suffrage. In 1892 she met with Pres. Benjamin Harrison to present a popular protest against military involvement in Chile. Bailey also crusaded against lynching, and she opposed military conscription, military drills, and military toys

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Hannah Clark Johnston Bailey's Timeline

Age 84