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About Hannah Smalls
Hannah Smalls (Jones) and her two children, Elizabeth Lydia b. 1858 and Robert, Jr. b. 1861 were slaves, owned by a different master than her husband, Robert Smalls. Robert was trying to earn enough money to buy their freedom, but the situation looked hopeless.
On May 12, 1862 Robert stole the Confederate ship, Planter, and sailed his wife and children, along with some other slaves, to freedom. Planter was delivered to the Union Army. The plan was hazardous, but successful.