Harry Edmund Martinsson, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1974

Is your surname Martinsson?

Research the Martinsson family

Harry Edmund Martinsson, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1974's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Harry Edmund Martinsson, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1974

Birthdate: (73)
Birthplace: Jämshög, Blekinge, Sverige
Death: Died in Sollentuna, Sverige
Cause of death: Performing Seppuku with a pair of scissors.
Place of Burial: Sollentuna, Sollentuna, Stockholm County, Sweden
Immediate Family:

Son of Martin Olofsson and Bengta Svensdotter
Husband of Ingrid Maria Viktoria Martinsson
Ex-husband of Helga Maria / Moa Swartz Swartz
Brother of Edit Regina Martinsson; Clara Eugenia Olofsson; Blenda Elvira Olofsson; Ragnhild Aurora Olofsson; Lilly Viola Olofsson and 1 other
Half brother of Tore

Occupation: Swedish sailor, author and poet
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Harry Edmund Martinsson, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1974

http://www.nad.riksarkivet.se/sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=9140

Harry Martinson (May 6, 1904 – February 11, 1978) was a Swedish sailor, author and poet. In 1949 he was elected into the Swedish Academy. He was awarded a joint Nobel Prize in Literature in 1974 together with fellow Swede Eyvind Johnson. The choice for Eyvind Johnson and Harry Martinson was very controversial as both were on the Nobel panel. They and Graham Greene, Saul Bellow and Vladimir Nabokov were the favored candidates that year.

Life

Martinson was born in Jämshög, Blekinge County in south-eastern Sweden. At a young age he lost both his parents whereafter he was placed as a foster child (Kommunalbarn) in the Swedish countryside. At the age of sixteen Martinson ran away and signed onto a ship to spend the next years sailing around the world visiting countries such as Brazil and India.

A few years later lung problems forced him to set ashore in Sweden where he travelled around without a steady employment, at times living as a vagabond on country roads. In the city of Malmö, at the age of 21, he was arrested for vagrancy.

In 1929, he debuted as a poet. Together with Artur Lundkvist, Gustav Sandgren, Erik Asklund and Josef Kjellgren he authored the anthology Fem unga (Five Youths), which introduced Swedish Modernism. His poetry combined an acute eye for, and love of nature, with a deeply-felt humanism. His popular success as a novelist came with the semi-autobiographical Nässlorna blomma (The Nettles Flower) in 1935, about hardships encountered by a young boy in the countryside. It has since been translated into more than thirty languages.

One of his most famous works is the poetic cycle Aniara, which is a story of the space craft Aniara that during a journey through space loses its course and subsequently floats on without destination. The book was published in (1956) and became in 1959 an opera composed by Karl-Birger Blomdahl. The cycle has been described as an epic story of man's fragility and folly.

From 1929 to 1940, he was married to Moa Martinson, whom he met through a Stockholm anarchist newspaper Brand. He travelled to the Soviet Union in 1934. He and Moa were divorced due to her criticism of his lack of political commitment. Moa became a writer; Harry married Ingrid Lindcrantz in 1942.

One of his most famous works is the poetic cycle Aniara, which is a story of the space craft Aniara that during a journey through space loses its course and subsequently floats on without destination. The book was published in 1956 and became an opera in 1959 composed by Karl-Birger Blomdahl. The cycle has been described as "an epic story of man's fragility and folly".

He took his life on February 11, 1978, at the Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm by performing Seppuku with a pair of scissors.

The 100th anniversary of Martinson's birth was celebrated around Sweden in 2004.

Controversy

The joint selection of Eyvind Johnson and Martinson for the Nobel Prize in 1974 was very controversial as both were on the Nobel panel. Graham Greene, Saul Bellow and Vladimir Nabokov were the favoured candidates that year.

The sensitive Martinson found it hard to cope with the criticism in the 1970s following his award, and attempted suicide with a pair of scissors.


HARRY Edmund Martinson, född 1904-05-06 i Nyteboda, Jämshög, död 1978-02-11 i Sollentuna. Författare, Ledamot i Svenska Akademien 1949, Nobelpristagare i litteratur 1974.

Avmönstrad som jungman i San Fransisco från fartyget Carolina 31/5 1923. Avmönstrad som lämpare i Bahia från fartyget Ro land 24/11 1923. Avmönstrad som eldare i Rio de Janeiro från fartyget Masilia 15/12 1923. NOBELPRISTAGARE i litteratur 1974.Har skrivit följande böcker:DIKTSAMLINGAR: Spökskepp (1929), Nomad (1931), Natur (1934 ), Passad (1945), Cikada (1953), Aniara (1956), Gräsen i Thule (1958), Vagnen (1960), Längs ekots stigar (postumt 1978) , Doriderna (postumt 1980)PROSABÖCK ER: Resor utan mål (1932), Kap Farväl! (1933), Nässlorna blomma (1935), Vägen ut (1936), Svärmare och harkrank (1937), M idsommardalen (1938), Det enkla och det svåra (1939), Verklighet till döds (1940), Vägen till Klockrike (1948),

Gift 1929(-1941-01-16) med 

Helga Maria (Moa) Schwartz, född 1890-11-02 i Vårdnäs (Östergötland), död 1964-08-05 i Sorunda. Författare.

Gift 1942-10-28 med Ingrid Maria Viktoria, född 1916-12-17 i Hallsberg, död 1994-01-25 i Sollentuna.


Forskare: © Maj-Britt Sundin. Adress: Hanövägen 11 C, 294 35 Sölvesborg, Sweden. Telefon: 0725 43 93 68

Denna sida är skapad med datorprogrammet Holger8 2014-04-12

http://jemshog.dk/members/12april/12aprilk/sidab/h___10rb.htm

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Harry Martinson, along with the dean Peter Wieselgren, professor Samuel Ödman and professor Samuel Heurlin, author and the founder of Småland's Museum Gunnar Olof Hylten-Cavalius, Bishop of Växjö Isac Heurlin, poet Ingelman, Nobel Prize Winner in Literature and author Pär Lagerqvist, the author of psalms Lina Sandell, engineer and explorer Andrée, to name a few, is a descendant of juryman and tax farmer Simon Haraldsson in Almås, via Simon's daughter Bengta Simonsdotter, the progenitor of the famous Wiesel family.

view all

Harry Edmund Martinsson, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1974's Timeline

1904
May 6, 1904
Jämshög, Blekinge, Sverige
1978
February 11, 1978
Age 73
Sollentuna, Sverige
February 1978
Age 73
Sollentuna, Sollentuna, Stockholm County, Sweden