Heinrich Wilhelm / Genrikh Vasilievich von Struve

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Heinrich Wilhelm / Genrikh Vasilievich von Struve

Russian: Генрих Васильевич Струве
Birthdate: (85)
Birthplace: Tartu, Tartu County, Estonia
Death: April 10, 1908 (85)
Tbilisi, Georgia
Immediate Family:

Son of Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve and Emilie von Struve
Husband of Pauline Charlotte Struve
Father of Otto* Paul Struve; Alexander Struve; Anna Marie Auguste Struve; Wilhelmine Struve; Johanna Otten and 1 other
Brother of Gustav Struve; Alfred Struve; Otto Wilhelm von Struve; Konrad Wilhelm Struve; Marie Charlotte Wilhelmine Döllen and 6 others
Half brother of Karl von Struve; Friedrich Struve; Paul Struve; Marie Anna Wilhemine Cremers; Ernst Struve and 3 others

Occupation: Chemist, Chemiker, Wirkl. Staatsrat / д. стат. сов.
Managed by: Elle Kiiker
Last Updated:

About Heinrich Wilhelm / Genrikh Vasilievich von Struve

Genrikh Vasilievich Struve (also Heinrich Struve, Russian: Генрих Васильевич Струве, 10 July 1822 – 28 March 1908) was a Russian chemist from the Struve family and a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.[1]

Genrikh Struve was born in 1822 in Dorpat (Tartu), then Russian Empire. In 1845, he graduated from the University of Tartu and continued working there in the field of chemistry till 1849. In 1846, via arrangement by his father Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, Genrikh spent a month visiting Jöns Jacob Berzelius who was impressed with both the father and his son.[2] In 1849, Struve moved to the Mineralogy Department in Saint Petersburg and worked there till 1867. In 1867, he became a criminal medicine expert in Tiflis.[2][3][4] There, he used not only chemical, but also early photographical (1885) methods for criminal analysis.[5] He had also participated in the chemical analysis o mineral springs of the area, in particular of the Matsesta spring in Sochi in 1886.[6]

Struve married Pauline Fuss, a great-granddaughter of Leonhard Euler.[7][8]

Scientific work of Struve was mostly related to inorganic and analytical chemistry. In 1853, he published first in Russia tables for evaluating chemical analyses. The same year, he suggested use of ammonium molybdate for detection of arsenic in criminal medicine and in mineral analysis, such as indicating traces of arsenic in antimony. He also synthesized a range of double salts of potassium, sodium, chromium, iron, aluminium, molybdenum and tungsten. In 1876, Struve became a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.[2][3]

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Heinrich Wilhelm / Genrikh Vasilievich von Struve's Timeline

July 22, 1822
Tartu, Tartu County, Estonia
September 16, 1822
Tartu, Tartu County, Estonia
February 1, 1852
Age 29
Saint Petersburg, gorod Sankt-Peterburg, Saint Petersburg, Russia
April 9, 1853
Age 30
город Санкт-Петербург, Россия
July 25, 1854
Age 32
город Санкт-Петербург, Россия
March 25, 1856
Age 33
September 13, 1860
Age 38
February 13, 1864
Age 41
April 10, 1908
Age 85
Tbilisi, Georgia