Heinrich III "der Reiche" von Hessen, Landgraf von Oberhessen in Marburg

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Heinrich III "der Reiche" von Hessen (Lothringen-Brabant, Hessen), Landgraf von Oberhessen in Marburg

Also Known As: "Henry"
Birthplace: Spangenberg, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
Death: January 13, 1483 (42)
Marburg, Oberhessen, Deutschland(HRR)
Place of Burial: St. Elisabethkirche,Marburg,Hessen-Nassau,Prussia
Immediate Family:

Son of Ludwig III der Friedfertige von Hessen, Landgraf and Anna von Sachsen, Landgräfin zu Hessen
Husband of Anna von Katzenelnbogen, Gräfin von Katzenelnbogen
Partner of Christine Steyn
Father of Contzel Dietz; Elisabeth von Hessen-Marburg; Mechthild von Hessen-Marburg, Prinzessin von Hessen; Heinrich von Hessen, Landgraf; Friedrich von Hessen, Landgraf and 2 others
Brother of Ludwig II Landgraf von Hessen-Kassel; Hermann IV "der Friedsame" von Hessen, Erzbischof von Köln Fürstbischof von Paderborn; Elizabeth "die Schöne" von Hessen, Gräfin zu Nassau-Weilburg and Friedrich von Hessen, Prinz

Managed by: Marilyn Jeanne Haslem
Last Updated:

About Heinrich III "der Reiche" von Hessen, Landgraf von Oberhessen in Marburg

HEINRICH III "der Reiche" Landgraf zu Hessen, Graf zu Ziegenhain und Nidda, Herr von Oberhessen.

  • Son of Ludwig III der Friedfertige Lothringen-Brabant, Hessen, Landgraf and Anna Wettin, Landgräfin zu Hessen

Project MedLands, HESSEN

HERMANN von Hessen, son of LUDWIG II Landgraf Herr von Hessen zu Grebenstein & his wife his wife Elisabeth von Sponheim ([1342]-10 Jun 1413, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). The Limburger Chronik records "Herman…lantgrebe zu Hessen" as one of the two sons of "lantgrebe Henrich…bruder…lantgrebe Ludewig" and his wife "eins greben dochter von Spanheim"[51]. Canon at Magdeburg Cathedral to 1367. Mitregent 1367. "Henricus...Lantgravius terre Hassie et Hermannus natus quondam Ludowici Lantgravii felicis recordationis fratris eius" confirmed foundations “in ecclesia parrochiali opidi nostri Alsfelt” by charter dated 3 May 1371[52]. He succeeded in 1376 as HERMANN II "der Gelehrte" Landgraf Herr von Hessen. married firstly (Kassel [30 Jan/11 Feb] 1377) JOHANNA von Nassau-Weilburg, daughter of JOHANN I Graf von Nassau-Weilburg & his second wife Johanna von Saarbrücken (1362-Marburg 1 Jan 1383, bur [Marburg Elisabethkirche]). The Limburger Chronik records that "greben Johan von Nassauwe" married "von Sarbrucken…Johanna" who left two small daughters when she died, one of whom married "Herman lantgrebe zu Hessen" but died childless and the other "ein herre von Humburg in Sassenlande", and that he married secondly "jungher Philips ein wip von Spainheim"[53].
married secondly (Kulmbach 15 Oct 1383) MARGARETA von Nürnberg, daughter of FRIEDRICH V Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Elisabeth von Meissen ([1363]-Gudensberg 15 Jan 1406, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).

Hermann II & his second wife MARGARETA von Nürnberg had eight children:

  • 1. ANNA (-young).
  • 2. HEINRICH (Marburg [10 Nov] 1387-13 Jul 1394, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).
  • 3. ELISABETH (1388-22 Jul 1394, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).
  • 4. MARGARETA (Marburg 1389-Rotenburg an der Fulda 1446). Botho’s Chronicon Brunsvicensium Picturatum records that “Hertoghe Hinrick, Hertoghe Magnus sone to Brunswick unde Lunenborch” married “Margretam des Lantgreven dochter to Hessen, Hertoghen Otten Forstynne suster over Wolt to Gotting” after his first wife died[54]. married (Kassel 30 Jan 1409) as his second wife, HEINRICH II Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, son of BERNHARD I Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg & his wife his wife Margareta von Sachsen-Wittenberg (-Ülzen 14 Oct 1416, bur Braunschweig).
  • 5. AGNES (1391-Münden 16 Jan 1471, bur Kassel St Martin). Botho’s Chronicon Brunsvicensium Picturatum records that “Herthoge Otto, des mechtigen Hertoghen Otten sone to Brunswick over Wolt to Gotting” married “Angenes des Lantgreven dochter to Hessen”[55]. married (Marburg 26 Sep 1406) OTTO "der Einäugige" Herzog von Braunschweig in Göttingen, son of OTTO "der Quade" Herzog von Braunschweig in Göttingen & his wife his second wife Margareta von Berg ([1384]-Uslar 18 Feb 1463).
  • 6. HERMANN ([Kassel] 18 Oct 1396-Gudensberg 15 Jan 1406).
  • 7. FRIEDRICH (7 Mar 1398-Spangenberg 25 Nov 1402).
  • 8. LUDWIG (Spangenberg 6 Feb 1402-Spangenberg 17 Jan 1458, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). He succeeded his father in 1413 as LUDWIG III "der Friedsame" Landgraf Herr von Hessen. Graf von Ziegenhain und Nidda 1450. married (Kassel 8 Sep 1433) ANNA von Sachsen, daughter of FRIEDRICH I "der Streitbare" Elector of Saxony & his wife his wife Katharina von Braunschweig (5 Jun 1420-17 Sep 1462, bur Spangenberg Stadtkirche). Ludwig III & his wife had five children:
  • a) LUDWIG (7 Sep 1438-Reichenbach 8 Nov 1471, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). He succeeded his father in 1458 as LUDWIG IV "der Freimütige" Landgraf zu Hessen, Graf zu Ziegenhain und Nidda, Herr von Niederhessen.
  • b) HEINRICH (15 Oct 1440-Marburg 13 Jan 1483, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). He succeeded his father in 1458 as HEINRICH III "der Reiche" Landgraf zu Hessen, Graf zu Ziegenhain und Nidda, Herr von Oberhessen. Regent of Oberhessen 1471-1483. Graf von Katzenelnbogen und Dietz 1479. married (contract 4 Jul 1446, St Goar 24 Jan 1458) ANNA von Katzenelnbogen, daughter of PHILIPP "dem Älteren" Graf von Katzenelnbogen & his first wife Anna von Württemberg (5 Sep 1443-Marburg 16 Feb 1494, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). The marriage contract between "Landgraf Ludwig zu Hessen seinen Sohn Landgraf Henrich" and "Graf Philipps zu Katzenelnbogen Tochter Anna" is dated 4 Jul 1446[56].

Heinrich III & his wife ANNA von Katzenelnbogen had six children:

  • i) FRIEDRICH (1459-young).
  • ii) LUDWIG der Jüngere (chr Marburg 29 Dec 1460-Rauschenberg 1 Jul 1478, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).
  • iii) ELISABETH (Marburg May 1466-Köln 17 Jan 1523, bur Marburg). married (Marburg 11 Feb 1482) JOHANN V Graf von Nassau und Diez, son of JOHANN IV Graf von Nassau-Dillenburg & his wife Marie de Looz in Heinsberg (Breda 9 Nov 1455-Dillenburg 30 Jul 1516, bur Siegen Franciscan Abbey).
  • iv) WILHELM ([8 Sep] 1471-Rauschenberg 17 Feb 1500, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche). He succeeded in 1489 as WILHELM III "der Jüngere" Landgraf von Hessen in Oberhessen, Katzenelnbogen und Dietz. married (Frankfurt-am-Main 16 Oct 1498) as her first husband, ELISABETH Pfalzgräfin, daughter of PHILIPP Elector Palatine & his wife Margareta von Bayern (Heidelberg 16 Nov 1483-Baden-Baden 24 Jun 1522, bur Baden-Baden Stiftskirche). She married secondly (3 Jan 1503) PHILIPP von Baden, who succeeded in 1515 as PHILIPP I Markgraf von Baden in Baden, ½ Eberstein, Lahr und Mahlberg.

Wilhelm III had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

  • (a) HEINRICH Battenberg . 1515/17, at Heidelberg University.
  • v) MATHILDE (Blankenstein Jul 1473-Köln 19 Feb 1505, bur Kleve Stiftskirche). married (Soest 3 Nov 1489) JOHANN II Duke of Kleve, son of JOHANN I Duke of Kleve & his wife Elisabeth de Nevers [Bourgogne-Valois] (14 Apr 1458-15 Jan 1521, bur Kleve Stiftskirche).
  • vi) HEINRICH (1474-young).
  • c) HERMANN (1450-Poppelsdorf 19 Oct 1508, bur Köln Cathedral). Canon at Mainz Cathedral 1461. Canon at Köln Cathedral 1463. Provost at Worms Cathedral 1467/68. Provost at Fritzlar 1468, resigned 1472. Deacon of St Gereon at Köln 1470-1480. Elected Bishop of Hildesheim 1471-72. Coadjutor of Köln 1473. Scholasticus at Worms Cathedral 1478/79. Archbishop of Köln 1480. Coadjutor of Paderborn 1495. Bishop of Paderborn 1498.

Hermann had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:

  • i) HERMANN von Hessen (-[1523/29]). Canon of St Cassius at Bonn 1491. Priest at Winningen am Mosel before 1496. Canon of St Severin at Köln. Canon of St Maria 1496-1516. Provost of St Aposteln at Köln 1503-1505.
  • d) ELISABETH "die Schöne" (chr Kassel 14 Dec 1453-22 Apr 1489, bur Weilburg). married (1464) JOHANN III Graf von Nassau-Weilburg, son of PHILIPP II Graf von Nassau-Weilburg & his first wife Marguerite de Looz zu Heinsberg (27 Jun 1441-15 Jul 1480).
  • e) FRIEDRICH (posthumously before 17 Feb 1458-[1 Nov] 1463, bur Marburg Elisabethkirche).

Predecessor: Louis I Successor:William III


Heinrich III. "the rich" of Hesse (born 15 October 1440– 13 January 1483 in Marburg, Germany) was Landgrave of upper Hesse at Marburg from 1458.

Heinrich was the second son of Landgrave Ludwig I of Hesse and his wife Anna of Saxony. Ludwig I had set in his will, that Henry and his brother Ludwig (1438-1471) equally should share the Landgraviate, this provision was not fleshed however until his death. Ludwig II. initially opted for lower Hesse , leaving Marburg and the land on the Lahn River, where he ruled as Henry III. Heinrich. He received his nickname of "the rich" due to his marriage with Anna of Katzenelnbogen and the territorial gains associated, which were also accompanied by significant financial gain, including the lucrative revenue from Rhine customs duties.

The dispute about the exact Division of the Landgraviate of between the two brothers moved out more than a decade. Multiple sharing expertise and arbitral awards showed no effect. After the first assault, the conflict escalated finally 1468/69 in an open feud, the so-called Hessian fratricidal war. A third brother, Hermann, the future Archbishop of Cologne, brokered peace led a renewed Division negotiations. The result was a further agreement on a Landtag of Hessian Landstände in Spieskappel, at the traditional border between lower and upper Hesse, in 1470. Again, some points remained unclear. However, a further discussion is surely as Ludwig II already in 1471 died. Henry III took over the guardianship for the two sons of Louis II and reigned until his death in 1483 about low and upper Hesse.

The Marburg line became extinct in 1500 with the son of Henry, William, and their possessions fell by inheritance to the Kassel line.

And his wife Anna of Katzenelnbogen, whom he married in 1458, Henry had four sons:

  • Frederick (died as child)
  • Ludwig (III.) (Born November, 1461; died 2 July 1478)
  • Wilhelm III. (Born September 8, 1471, died 17 February 1500), successor of his father in upper Hesse
  • Heinrich (* July 1474, died young)

and two daughters:

  • Elisabeth In 1482, (1466 – 1523), married count John v of Nassau-Dillenburg (1455-1516)
  • Mechthild In 1489, (1473-1505), married Duke Johann II. by Cleve (1458-1521).

With Christine (Steyna), the wife of the painter Johannes Dietz (d. 1480) in Marburg, Germany, had a "uneliche tuchter" Contzel Henry (born before 1471; d. before 1508), married before 1489 with Ludwig Orth (c. 1460-1523), which is an ancestor of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)[1] .


   Walter Heinemeyer: Heinrich III. the rich. In: new Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 8 Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1969, ISBN 3-428-00189-3, S. 358 (Digitalisat ).
   Arthur Wyß: Heinrich III. (Landgrave of Hesse). In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 11, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1880, S. 522 f.
   Karl E. Demandt: culture and life at the Court of count ended, in: Nassauische Annalen 61 (1950), pp. 149-180.


   ↑ after Carl Knetsch: Johann Wolfgang Goethe's pedigree (PDF; 144 kB), Leipzig 1932 (revised version), Goethe ancestors No. 2015, 4030-4031 (called online resource, February 2, 2013)


Heinrich III., also the kingdoms called, Landgrave of Hesse, second son of the Landgrave Ludwig I and Anna of Saxony, was born on the 15th October 1441. Already in its fifth year, his father engaged him the then three-year Anna, daughter of count Philipp of Katzenelnbogen, and certain here, that he should be one day with his older brother Ludwig II. in parts of the country. After the death of his father (d. 17 Jan 1458) both brothers first on four years previously on 2 March 1460, agreed that Ludwig II. should get lower Hesse with the capital of Cassel and some coming to him as the firstborn privileges, the H. married with Anna but upper Hesse with the capital of Marburg, as well as the counties of Ziegenhain and Nidda. For the younger brothers of both, devoted to spiritual able Hermann and the early (1463)-deceased Frederick were no Landestheile provided, but only certain income assigned to them. There were conflicts between the two Princes of very different character despite this dispute soon. Although they clashed not direct, but lack of unity and aversion emerged sharply at every opportunity. So, feud Ludwig of the Party of Archbishop Adolfchose in Mainz, while H. joined equal to his father-in-law Philip of Katzenelnbogen to Archbishop Diether . Diether lost to, helped negotiate peace with Adolf (Octbr. 1463) H. and achieved by the fact that this was the reward of Diether promised him for the paid help of war. Soon it (1464), the four-year period expired on their duration H. had compared with his brother on a temporary Landestheilung, and it was now necessary to erect a new, final Theilungsvertrag. After multi-year negotiations on which particularly Henry wise, but Schemer and avaricious Rathgeber influenced Holy Night Hans von Dornberg , a new, little different from the previous comparison came at last in the August 1467. But he is by no means eliminated the enmity between two brothers. Opposite partisanship in handle of neighbouring Princes and disputes between the mutual minions increased the exasperation last so much, that it came to an open feud (1469). Difficult, succeeded the haunting performances of the level-headed younger brother Hermann, who at that time was Canon to Cologne and Provost to Fritzlar, and the efforts of the States, to reconcile the angry. Landgrave Ludwig (8 Novbr. 1471) died two years later. H. assumed the guardianship of posthumous sons, William the older and the younger William's brother, and reunited under a Government as Hesse. Its enlarged power enabled him to support his brother Hermann, after same was chosen in place of the deposed Archbishop of Ruprecht of Cologne to the acting of this Archbishopric (March 1473), against Rupert. In close cahoots with the city of Cologne H. essential services at the siege of Linz and the relief made of by Rupert ally, Charles the bold of Burgundy, hard hard-pressed city Neuß. After the defeat of Rupert, he had, as he moved [523] with a few companions through the Westerwald, Captivate them and bring on the Burg BLANKENSTEIN, where he, him, disregarding the accusations of the Pope until his death in custody. A praying sanctification in the battles between the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg helped his forces erfechten a brilliant victory over the warlike inhabitants of the town Echavez and took many prisoners. This happened in the same year, in which him through the death of his father-in-law, from count Philipp of Katzenelnbogen, rich County fell to (1479). Philip, which already in 1454 his only son had died, had married himself after the death of his first wife Anna of Nassau (1473), but scored no children in this marriage. Soon after the wedding a clergyman, John v. Bornich, tried to poison the Countess and called particularly influential Hans von Dornberg later Court servant of the Landgraves, instigator of the ruthless that. H. died on Jan. 13, 1483 on the Castle Marburg a leprosy-like disease. He was a great friend of hunting and knightly games. He left his Räthen, especially his favourite of Hans von Dornberg Government business more than cheap. With his wife he had four sons: Friedrich (died as child), Ludwig (born in the Novbr. 1461, died 2 July 1478), Wilhelm (née 8 Septbr. 1471), successor of his father in upper Hesse and Heinrich (born in July 1474, died young), and two daughters: Elisabeth (born in the may 1466, 1482 with count John v of Nassau-Dillenburg married) and Mechtild (born 1473 1489 to Duke Johann II. by Cleve verheirathet).

Artikel „Heinrich III., Landgraf von Hessen“ von Arthur Wyß in: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, herausgegeben von der Historischen Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Band 11 (1880), S. 522–523, Digitale Volltext-Ausgabe in Wikisource, URL: http://de.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=ADB:Heinrich_III._(Landg... (Version vom 24. März 2013, 17:35 Uhr UTC)

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Heinrich III "der Reiche" von Hessen, Landgraf von Oberhessen in Marburg's Timeline

October 15, 1440
Spangenberg, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
Marburg, Hessen, Deutschland (HRR)
November 15, 1460
Marburg, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
Marburg, Hessen,Deutschland
May 1466
Marburg, (Present Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf), Landgrafschaft Hessen, Heiliges Römisches Reich (Present Germany)
September 8, 1471
Schloss Blankenstein, Blankenstein, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
July 1, 1473
Schloß Blankenstein, Hessen-Nassau, Prussia
Schloss Blankenstein, Hessen, Deutschland(HRR)
January 13, 1483
Age 42
Marburg, Oberhessen, Deutschland(HRR)