Hendrick Harmensen

Is your surname Harmensen?

Research the Harmensen family

Hendrick Harmensen's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Related Projects

Hendrick Harmensen

Also Known As: "Henry the Farmer"
Birthdate: (53)
Birthplace: Lent, Gelderland, Netherlands
Death: 1643 (53)
Poor Bowery, New Amsterdam, NY (Killed by Indians)
Immediate Family:

Son of Harman Harmensen and Geertjen Harmensen
Husband of Tryntie Catherine Harmonsen and Catherina Sijbetsdr Herxon
Father of Hendrick Harmensen; Jacob (Hafte) Hendrickson; Geesje Hendrickson; Hendrick Hendricksen; Harman Hendrickson and 2 others

Occupation: Farmer/landowner
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Hendrick Harmensen

Killed by Indians


"Hendrick Harmanszen, Dutch founder of the family on Long Island in or before 1637." Source: Encyclopedia of American biography. New series. Under the editorial direction of Winfield Scott Downs in association with a notable advisory board. By Downs, Winfield Scott, 1895-. Published New York, The American Historical Society, Inc. 1934. Page 64 http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89080535610;q1=%22hendrick%20Harmanszen%22;start=1;size=25;page=search;seq=142;view=text;num=64

Hendrick Harmensen, who is supposed to be the first white man who settled on Sanford's Point, Flushing Bay, L. I. Source: Rev. John Moore of Newtown, Long Island, and some of his descendants. Comp. by James W. Moore. Published 1903. Page 71 http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=loc.ark%3A%2F13960%2Ft86h4mn9v;q1=%22Hendrick%20Harmensen%22;start=1;size=100;page=root;seq=83;view=image;num=71;orient=0

As we explore the dim past the first inklings of history that give us a view of the white man in these parts show scarce half a dozen set- tlers within the boundaries of Newtown. Far up at what was for- merly called Fish's Point, where now the North Beach Pier receives excursionists who wish to enjoy the elevating delights afforded by that highly reputable resort, Hendrick Harmensen, occupied, or culti- vated, a farm of some hundreds of acres. The year given for this beginning of civilization is 1638, when William Kieft was Director- General of New Netherland. Source: Leslie's history of the greater New York / by Daniel Van Pelt. v. 2 Published 1898 Page 363 http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433058766324;q1=%22Hendrick%20Harmensen%22;start=1;size=100;page=root;seq=417;view=image;num=363;orient=0

In May, 1639, Bouwery No. 5 on Manhattan Island was leased to Hendrick Harmensen for six years. He was to " cultivate the land with all diligence and indus- try and not attend exclusively to the increase of the cattle, but diligently till the ground, which is the Com- pany's principal object herein." For this he was to receive fifty guilders per annum for servant's wages; and the Company delivered to him five head of cattle and two mares for his use for six years. He was to pay thirty pounds of good butter yearly for every cow. " At the expiration of six years the Company's agent shall first take away the number of cattle in such con- dition as now delivered ; and then the remaining cattle which will be procreated shall be divided half and half." Source: Dutch New York / by Esther Singleton. Published 1909. Page 16 http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=loc.ark%3A%2F13960%2Ft9j390r9w;q1=%22Hendrick%20Harmensen%22;start=1;size=100;page=root;view=image;seq=44;num=16

Page 15 - in 1638, and by a proclamation, declared the monopoly of the country abolished, and the New Netherland to be open to all, whether Dutch or foreigners, for the purposes of trade, or the cultivation of the soil; making, however, those who should emigrate thither, subject to the authority of the West India Company, from whom every such person was entitled to receive as much land as he or his family could properly cultivate; for which, after it should have been a specified term of years under tillage, he was obligated to pay the lawful tenth of its produce."

Page 16 - "in pursuit of the priceless gem of religious freedom...At the head of the Kill of Mespat, or Newtown Creek, in a section called by the Dutch, 't Kreupel-bosch, now corrupted to Cripplebush, Hans Hanssen, familiarly called Hans the Boore, obtained a plantation of 200 morgen, or 400 acres. Descending the stream, Richard Brutnell, a native of Bradford, England, was seated on the hook, or point, at the entrance, and east side of Canapaukah Creek, now the Dutch Kills, where he had a farm of near an hundred acres; and, on the opposite side of the creek was the plantation of Tymen Jansen, who had been a ship-carpenter, in the employ of the West India Company; next to whom, north-ward, lay the land of Burger Jorissen, a respectable smith, from Silesia. Upon the northern border of Mespat, at what is now Fish's Point, Hendrick Harmensen, otherwise called Henry the Farmer, had a bouwery, or farm under cultivation.

Pages 21-22 - Hendrick Harmensen, [w]as engaged in the cultivation of a bouwery on the northern outskirts of the town, and who may be regarded as the first white man that turned a furrow in that section of the township. He had erected a cabin, and obtained, in 1638, several heads of cattle, from a lot imported that year by the Director-general for the use of the colonists. But within a few years Harmensen died, and there is some reason to believe that he was slain in the Indian massacre of 1643.

After his decease, his widow, Tryn Herxker, intermarried, in 1645, with Jeuriaen Fradell, a native of Moravia, and subsequently a deacon of the Dutch Church at New Amsterdam, who on September 5th of the above year[1643], obtained a ground brief in his own name for the estate of Harmensen. It is therein designated as "a piece of land lying on Long Island, east of Hellegat, and next to the great bend, (right over against three islands called the Three Brothers,) being the most westerly corner of the same land that lies easterly from the said bend; and extends from the beach off next along a certain swamp, being west 216 rods, to a great fresh-water meadow; along said meadow to a fresh-water creek, (which creek is the division betwixt the land of Mr. Doughty and this said parcel of land,) and runs further along the said creek, till to the aforesaid bend, and further along the river shore to the place of begining; containing by measurement 69 morgens 183 feet:—to this land appertains also 8 morgens of the aforesaid meadow; also to this belongs a little island lying about west from the house."

[Hendrick Harmensen] located, at a very early period, at what is now called the Poor Bowery, and obtained from the natives a large tract of land at that place—that having previously been an armourer in the Dutch service, he was accustomed to forge tomahawks for the Indians round about him; but that on a certain occasion the savages under a sudden excitement, assaulted him, and one of them gave him a fatal blow, and terminated his life with one of the very instruments of death that he had made for him; that after this his widow remarried, and the property was disposed of to the Dutch Church. " Source: The annals of Newtown, in Queens county, New-York : containing its history from its first settlement, together with many interesting facts concerning the adjacent towns ; also, a particular account of numerous Long island families now spread over this and various other states of the union / by James Riker, Jr. Pages 16, 21-22 http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=njp.32101072360546;q1=herxker;start=1;size=100;page=root;view=image;seq=35;num=21;orient=0

1645 - Feb. 26 " Jeuriaen Fradell, j. m. Uyt Moravien, en Tryn Herxker, Widow of Van Hendrick Harmens." J.M. = Never before married male. Source: Index to the marriage records from 1639-1801 of the Reformed Dutch church in New Amsterdam and New York; by Samuel S. Purple. Page 13 http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=loc.ark%3A%2F13960%2Ft5n87m810;q1=herxker;start=1;size=100;page=root;seq=33;view=image;num=13;orient=0

"Excursion Planned for the City History Club of New York" - Page 9 - 12. Riker Homestead, a rare example of property remaining in the same direct family line and name since the first settlement. Abraham Ryken married the daughter of Hendrick Harmensen, the first settler of this part of Long- Island, and secured the patent for this land in 1654. The present house is i8th Century in style and possibly contains part of the original house.

C. The Poor Boiucry (North Beach), historically one of the most inter- esting portions of Long Island, was settled by Hendrick Harmensen in 1638, when he brought cattle here from New Amsterdam. He was for several years the only farmer of the north side of Long Island, and was called " Henricus Agncola," " Hendrick, the Boor" (farmer) in the Dou^^hty patent of 1642. He was killed by Indians in 1643 and his widow suc- ceeded to the Bowery and married Jeuriaen Fradell of New Amsterdam in 1645, who the same year obtained a ground brief for the farm from Kieft. It contained 154 acres, besides the " Houwelicken" (Dowry Island, later Luysters) of Bowery Bay, separated by a salt water creek.

The deacons of the Dutch Church bought the farm before 1654, to establish maintenance for their poor, hence it was called " Armen" or " Poor Bowery." About 1688, they sold it to Pieter Cornelissen Timmermann (also called Luyster), the first of that family here. It remained until lately in the possession of the Couwenhovens (descendants of the last named owner).

e-e. " The rivulet" surrounding the lands of " Hendrick the farmer" (as it is described in the Doughty patent of 1642), still flows south of the Bowery."

Source: Excursion planned for the City history club of New York. Published New York 1908. Page 9 http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=loc.ark%3A%2F13960%2Ft78s4zt5d;q1=%22Hendrick%20Harmensen%22;start=1;size=100;page=root;view=image;seq=11;num=9

"Sep. 5, 1645. To Juryaen Fradel, husband of the widow of Hendrick Harmensen, land on Long Island next to land of Doutey." Source: Year book of the Holland Society of New York. Page 126. http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=njp.32101062238918;q1=%22Hendrick%20Harmensen%22;start=1;size=100;page=root;seq=192;view=image;num=126;orient=0

SAMUEL RIKER. - His wife was a daughter of Hendrick Harmensen. Samuel Riker, for over forty years prominently identified with the New York- bar, and now enjoying an honorabte retirement, has proved himself a. worthy de- scendant of a family that have made their home in this country since 1638. Abra- ham Rycken or de Rycke, as the name is written in earlier records, who was born in 161o, emigrated here from Amsterdam, and received an allotment of land at the Wallabout from Governor Kieft. In 1654 he also secured a grant of land at Poor Bowery from Governor Stuyvesant; a portion of this land, comprising a.bout one hun- dred acres, has never been out of the possession of the family, and is now owned in part by Samuel Riker. Mr. Rycken afterward, added to his possessions the island known as Riker's Island. [ originally own by the family of his wife, who was a daughter of Hendrick Harmensen.] Source: The New Jersey coast in three centuries; history of the New Jersey coast with genealogical and historic-biographical appendix. William Nelson, editor. v. 3 Published 1902 - Page 1 http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433081789301;q1=%22Hendrick%20Harmensen%22;start=1;size=100;page=root;seq=33;view=image;num=1;orient=0

Surviving Dutch Transcriptions of the Register of the Provincial Secretary, 1638-1641. Pages 40-42 http://www.nnp.org/nnrc/Documents/Surviving%20Dutch%20Transcriptions/index.html

New Netherland Papers C. 1650-1660 From the Collected Papers of Hans Bontemantel http://www.nnp.org/nnrc/Documents/Bontemantel/index.html#/68/

His son Jacob was born in New Netherland in 1642
view all 13

Hendrick Harmensen's Timeline

Gelderland, Netherlands
Age 19
Age 22
Lent, Gelderland, Nederland
Age 28
New Amsterdam, New York
Age 40
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands
Age 41
Queens, Livingston, New York, USA
December 11, 1642
Age 52
Long Island, Queens, New Netherland (now New York, USA)