Hendrik Swellengrebel

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About Hendrik Swellengrebel

Hendrik Swellengrebel (Kaapstad, 29 September 1700 - Utrecht, 1763)

was de eerste VOC-goewerneur van die Kaapkolonie wat plaaslik gebore is. Swellengrebel was die oudste seun van Johanna Cruse (5 Februarie 1682, Kaapstad - 19 Mei 1713, Kaapstad) en Johannes Swellengrebel (geb. 17 Mei 1671, Moskou, Rusland). Hy het twee broers, Hieronimus en Johannes Balthasar, en twee susters, Elisabeth en Johanna Catharina gehad. Hy is op 15 Junie 1727 in die Kaap met Helena Wilhelmina ten Damme getroud. [1] Swellengrebel was goewerneur van 1739 tot 1750. Die dorp Swellendam in die Wes-Kaap is na hom en sy vrou, Helena Wilhelmina ten Damme (1706-1746) vernoem. Swellengrebel en Helena Wilhelmina het drie dogters, Johanna, Helena, en Claudia Constantia (geb. 1739) en 'n seun Ertman Balthasar (geb. 1742), gehad. Tydens die terugreis vanaf die Kaap na Texel hou die twee oudste dogters 'n dagboek wat sover bekend die enigste dagboek van 'n reis tussen die Kaap en Nederland was ten tye van de VOC (1602-1795) wat deur vroue geskryf is en bewaar is gebly het.[2]. In 1750 is hy as goewerneur opgevolg deur Rijk Tulbagh.


  1. ^ Johannes Swellengrebel, Besoek op 1 maart 2007
  2. ^ Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis

Swellengrebel, Johanna Engela besoek op 28 Februarie 2007


[Sharon Doubell – translations errors are mine] Hendrik Swellengrebel ( Cape Town , 29 September 1700 - Utrecht , 1763 ) was the first VOC - governor of the Cape Colony born locally. Swellengrebel was the eldest son of Johanna Cruse ( February 5, 1682 , Cape Town, 19 May 1713 , Cape) and John Swellengrebel (b. May 17, 1671 , Moscow , Russia ). He had two brothers, Jerome and John Balthasar, and two sisters, Elisabeth and Johanna Catharina. He was born on 15 June 1727 in the Cape and married Helena Wilhelmina ten Damme. [1] Swellengrebel was governor from 1739 to 1750 . The town of Swellendam in the Western Cape is named for him and his wife, Helena Wilhelmina Damme (1706-1746). Swellengrebel and Helena Wilhelmina had three daughters, Johanna, Helena, and Claudia Constantia (b. 1739) and a son Ertman Balthasar (b. 1742). During the return journey from the Cape to Texel the two oldest daughters kept a diary that is so far the only known diary of a journey between the Cape and the Netherlands at the time of the VOC (1602-1795), written by women that remains preserved [2] . In 1750 he was succeeded as governor by Rijk Tulbagh .


Marriage to Helena Wilhelmina ten Damme

NGK Cape Town

1727 15e Junij Hendrik Swellengrebel van Cabo de Goede Hoop ondercoopman in dienst der e: comp:e, en pakhuys meester deses gouvernements jongman met Helena Wilhelmina ten Damme van Cabo de Goede Hoop jonge dogter.

on http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/index.php/church-registers/cape-town-marriages-1713-1756/184-cape-town-marriages-1727


His successor as governor, Rijk Tulbagh, married Hendrik's sister, Elisabeth Swellengrebel.

1725 Augusti 26 s:r Rijk Tulbagh j: m: en juff:r Elizabeth Zwellingrebel j: d: on http://www.eggsa.org/sarecords/index.php/church-registers/cape-town... See Discussion [Sharon March 2013]


Theal, GM (1897) History of South Africa under the administration of the Dutch East India Company [1652 to 1795]. Page 33 - Chapter XV.

Hendrik Swellegrebel, Governor, installed 14th April 1789, Retired 27th February 1751.

Mr. Hendrik Swellengrebel, who now became governor, was by birth a South African colonist. His father, Jan Swellengrebel, was a Russian, born at Moscow, who entered the service of the Dutch East India Company, and appears first in the Gape records as a clerk at the castle in 1694. His mother was born in South Africa. She was a daughter of the explorer Hieronymus Cruse, who rose from the ranks to the position of a military captain in the early days of the settlement. The governor was the first-born child of Jan Swellengrebel and Johanna Cruse. He had two sisters, the eldest, Elizabeth, married to Mr. Ryk Tulbagh, and the youngest, Johanna Catharina, married to the reverend Francois le Sueur. He had a younger brother also, Jan Balthazar by name, but of him little or nothing can be learned in the Cape records.

At an early age Hendrik Swellengrebel entered the Company's service in South Africa, and rose gradually from one position to another, though he was not possessed of any extraordinary ability. He was honest and industrious, however. In 1727 he married Helena Wilhelmina ten Damme, by whom he had a family of eight children.

(The rest of the chapter details his exploits, and can be downloaded for free)

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