Henri III de la Trémoïlle, 3rd Duke of Thouars

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Henri III de la Trémoïlle, 3rd Duke of Thouars

Also Known As: "Guy XXI de Laval"
Birthdate: (75)
Birthplace: Thouars, Deux-Sevres, Poitou-Charentes, France
Death: January 21, 1674 (75)
Place of Burial: Thouars, Deux-Sevres, Poitou-Charentes, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Claude de La Trémoille, II. duc de Thouars and Charlotte Brabantine van Nassau
Husband of Marie de la Tour d'Auvergne
Father of Henri Charles, IV. duc de Thouars; Louis Maurice de la Trémoïlle, marquis d'Espinay; Élisabeth de la Trémoïlle; Marie Charlotte de la Trémoïlle, Herzogin zu Sachsen-Jena and Armand Charles de La Trémoille, comte de Taillebourg
Brother of Lady Charlotte de La Trémoille, Countess of Derby; Elisabeth de La Trémoille and Frédéric de La Trémoille, comte de Laval
Half brother of Hannibal de La Trémoille, vicomte de Marcilly

Occupation: 3rd Duke of Thouars, 2nd Duke of La Tremoille, Prince of Talmond and Taranto, Full Name: "Henri de La Trémoille", Henri de La Trémoille, duc de Thouars, prince de Talmont
Managed by: Henn Sarv
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About Henri III de la Trémoïlle, 3rd Duke of Thouars


Henri de La Trémoille (22 December 1598 – 21 January 1674) was the (3rd) Duke of Thouars, (2nd) Duke of La Tremoille, and Prince of Talmond and Taranto.

He was the son of Claude de La Trémoille and his wife, Charlotte Brabantina of Nassau, and a descendant of the medieval general Louis de La Trémoille.

Family La Trémoille married his first cousin, Marie de La Tour d'Auvergne, in 1619. They had five children: Henri Charles, Louis Maurice, Élisabeth, Marie Charlotte de la Tremoille, and Armand-Charles.

Career La Trémoille's father, Claude, had converted to Protestantism during the French Wars of Religion, but La Trémoille converted to Catholicism around the time Cardinal Richelieu and Louis XIII suppressed the Huguenot rebellion at the siege of La Rochelle in 1628. His wife sent the children to her relatives in the Netherlands, making sure they were brought up Calvinist. She also maintained a Reformed court with church services, something which her husband tolerated.

Following the siege, La Trémoille continued to serve in the French army, being wounded in action in Italy. Following that campaign, La Trémoille switched to a political career.

In 1668, Henri afflicted with the gout, left the businesses of his duchy to his elder son. He died on 21 January 1674, seventy-five years old, and was buried in Thouars.

Ancestry and claims La Trémoille was the heir-general of Frederick IV of Naples and his first wife Anne of Savoy, and succeeded to the Cypriot claims to the title of King of Jerusalem when his father died. He was the heir-general of Anne of Savoy, whose daughter Charlotte became in 1499 the de jure heiress of the claim of the Kings of Cyprus to the throne of Jerusalem. Since Frederick IV was the second son of Isabella of Taranto and Ferrante I of Naples, he also succeeded to the Brienne claims to Kingdom of Jerusalem of his distant cousin John Casimir of Poland at the latter's death 1672, uniting the successions of Brienne and of Cyprus to the de jure crown of Jerusalem.

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Henri III de la Trémoïlle, 3rd Duke of Thouars's Timeline

December 22, 1598
Thouars, Deux-Sevres, Poitou-Charentes, France
December 17, 1620
Age 21
Thouars, Deux-Sevres, Poitou-Charentes, France
June 8, 1624
Age 25
L'Île-Bouchard, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France
July 18, 1628
Age 29
Vitré, Ille-et-Vilaine, Brittany, France
January 26, 1632
Age 33
Thouars, Deux-Sevres, Poitou-Charentes, France
June 15, 1635
Age 36
January 21, 1674
Age 75
Thouars, Deux-Sevres, Poitou-Charentes, France