Henrique de Borgonha, conde de Portugal

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Henri de Bourgogne, comte de Portugal

Spanish: Enrique de Borgoña, comte de Portugal, Portuguese: Henrique de Borgonha, comte de Portugal
Also Known As: "Генрих Бургундский (граф Португалии)", "Энрике"
Birthdate:
Death: November 01, 1112 (38-47)
Astorga, Castille and Leon, Spain (Battle)
Place of Burial: Braga, Portugal
Immediate Family:

Son of Henri le Damoiseau, duc de Bourgogne and Sibylle de Barcelone, duchesse consort de Bourgogne
Husband of Elvira Gualtar and Teresa de Leão, condessa de Portugal
Father of Pedro Afonso de Portugal; Sancha Henriques, infanta de Portugal; Dª. Urraca Henriques, infanta de Portugal; Afonso Henriques de Borgonha; Teresa Henriques, infanta de Portugal and 3 others
Brother of Hugues I, duc de Bourgogne; Robert of Burgundy, bishop of Langres; Béatrix, infante de Bourgogne; Helie, infante de Bourgogne; Renaud de Bourgogne, abbé de Saint-Pierre à Flavigny and 1 other

Occupation: Conde de Portugal (1093 - 1 de noviembre 1112)
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Henrique de Borgonha, conde de Portugal

Henrique de Borgonha, conde de Portugal

  • Son of Henri le Damoiseau, duc de Bourgogne and Sibylle de Barcelone, duchesse consort de Bourgogne
  • Henry (Portuguese: Henrique, French: Henri; c. 1066 – 1112), Count of Portugal, was the first member of the Capetian House of Burgundy to rule Portugal and the father of the country's first king, Afonso Henriques.

Project MedLands, Chapter 1. KINGS OF PORTUGAL 1113-1383 (BURGUNDY-CAPET)

HENRI de Bourgogne, son of HENRI “le damoiseau” de Bourgogne [Capet] & his wife ([1069/72]-killed in battle Astorga, León 22 May 1112, bur Braga Cathedral). "Heynricus frater meus" witnessed the donation to Cluny of "Oddo dux Burgundie"[2]. An indication of his age is given in the charter dated to [1081/84] under which "Odo dux Burgundie" confirmed a donation by "frater meus domnus Hugo" to the abbey of Molesme with the consent of "fratres mei Robertus archidiaconus, Henricus puer, Beatrix et Helia sorores mee"[3]. His parentage is confirmed by an early 12th century document at Fleury which records that "Ainrico uni filiorum, filio…ducis Roberti" married "alteram filiam…non ex coniugali" of Alfonso VI King of Castile[4]. His aunt Constance Queen of Castile invited him to the court of Castile. He may have arrived in Spain with the expedition of the Eudes I Duke of Burgundy in 1086/87, following a call from the abbey of Cluny to fight "the infidel"[5]. Señor de Braga [1093], count in Tordesillas 1096/97. He made a mutual pact [Dec 1094/Jul 1095] with Raymond de Bourgogne, husband of Infanta doña Urraca de Castilla, under which he promised support in securing Castile and León for Raymond in return for a pledge to grant him Toledo (or in default, Galicia)[6]. Alfonso VI King of Castile made him a large grant of land, from the River Minho in the north to Santarem in the south, in [1095/96], which in effect resulted in his installation as HENRIQUE Conde de Portugal. This grant may have been motivated as much by a desire to offset the growing power of his son-in-law, Raymond de Bourgogne, as to increase the power base of Henri de Bourgogne. “Comite Dono Henrico...cum uxore mea Infante Dona Taraxea” granted privileges to “Villa Constantin de Panonias”, confirmed by “Infans Dono Alfoso filius Henrici comiti et uxor mea Infante Dona Taraxia”, by charter dated 1096[7]. The dating clause of a charter dated 9 Oct 1096, under which "Pelayo Xemeniz" donated land “en Ville Ceide...” to the monastery of San Salvador, records “Sanxus comes in Toro et alius comes domino Ancricco in Auctario de Selles, comes Remundus tenente in Coria et in Zamora”[8]. The dating clause of a charter dated 19 Jan 1097, under which "Brabolio Gutierrez" sold land “en territorio de León las villas Cubillas” to “Ordoño Sarraciniz y a su mujer Fronilde Ovéquiz”, records “comes Raimundus in Galicia et in Zamora, comes domno Enrriz in Otero de Sellas, comite Petro Ansurez in Saldania”[9]. Henrique established his residence at Guimarães, winning several battles against the Moors, although he was defeated at Malagón, south of Toledo, 16 Sep 1100[10]. "…Taraxia Adefonsi regis filia…Henrik comes…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Mar 1099 under which Alfonso VI King of Castile donated the monastery of Santa María de Algadefe to the monastery of Eslonza[11]. “Comes domnus Henricus et uxor mea Domna Theresia, domini Regis Alfonsi filia” donated property to La Charité-sur-Loire by charter dated Mar 1100[12]. He went to Palestine after 8 Jun 1101, but had returned by 1103 when he confirmed several of his father-in-law's charters[13]. After the death of Alfonso VI King of Castile in 1109, the county of Portugal enjoyed de facto independence, due largely to the troubles faced by Queen Urraca in Castile after her accession. Henrique took advantage of this situation by joining forces with Alfonso I King of Aragon and defeating Urraca at Candespina, near Sepúlveda 26 Oct 1111. However, he changed sides after the battle and besieged Alfonso at Peñafiel jointly with Urraca's forces. The dating clause of the charter dated 21 Dec 1111, under which “Tello Telliz...cum coniuge mea Maior Suariz” donated "divisa...in villa...Oterolo iusta flumen Aratogie territorio Castro Froila...que fuit de Pelagio Pelaiz" to “Iohan Flainiz”, records “Henricus comes in Alcamora et in Astorica simul in Portugal...”[14]. He was killed at the siege of Astorga, supporting doña Urraca Queen of Castile against her second husband don Alfonso I King of Aragon. The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death “Kal Mai” in 1152 (1114) of “Comes D. Henricus”[15]. The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos records that "El Conde D. Enrique" died "en Astorga"[16]. married ([1095]%29 doña TERESA de Castilla y León, illegitimate daughter of ALFONSO VI King of Castile & his mistress Jimena Muñoz de Guzmán ([1081/82]-1 Nov 1130, bur Braga Cathedral). The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names "Jimena Muñoz" as the first of two concubines of King Alfonso, and their daughters "Elvira the wife of count Raymond of Toulouse…and Teresa the wife of Count Henry"[17]. Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 Mar 1143 under which her daughter Sancha Enríquez property in Trobajo del Cerecedo, which she inherited from "avia mea dompna Hensemena Muñiz…et de mater mea eius filia regina dompna Teresa", to the parents of Juan Albertino Bishop of León[18]. The 13th century history of Sahagún monastery records that "el Rey D. Alonso…una hija…Teresa" married "un Conde…Enrique que venia de sangre Real de Francia"[19]. An early 12th century document at Fleury records that "Ainrico uni filiorum, filio…ducis Roberti" married "alteram filiam…non ex coniugali" of Alfonso VI King of Castile[20]. “Comite Dono Henrico...cum uxore mea Infante Dona Taraxea” granted privileges to “Villa Constantin de Panonias”, confirmed by “Infans Dono Alfoso filius Henrici comiti et uxor mea Infante Dona Taraxia”, by charter dated 1096[21]. "…Taraxia Adefonsi regis filia…Henrik comes…" subscribed the charter dated 14 Mar 1099 under which Alfonso VI King of Castile donated the monastery of Santa María de Algadefe to the monastery of Eslonza[22]. “Comes domnus Henricus et uxor mea Domna Theresia, domini Regis Alfonsi filia” donated property to La Charité-sur-Loire by charter dated Mar 1100[23]. Regent of Portugal 1112-1128. She continued her husband's expansionist policy, harrying her half-sister Queen Urraca at every opportunity, probably with a view to replacing her as Queen of Castile. She adopted the title TERESA Queen of Portugal from Nov 1117. She became the mistress (1124) of Fernando Pérez de Traba Conde de Trastámara, son of Pedro Froilaz de Traba & his first wife Urraca Froilaz, who appeared first as a confirmant of one of Teresa's charters 1 Feb 1121[24]. The Historia Compostelana records that “Fernando Perride, Petris Comitis filio” left his lawful wife and lived in adultery with “Regina Tarasia”[25]. The Chronica Adefonsi Imperatoris records that Alfonso VII King of Castile met "Teresa queen of the Portuguese and with Count Fernando" at Ricobayo and made peace with them after his accession in 1126[26]. "Tarasia regina domni Adefonsi Yspaniarum imperatoris filia" donated "monasterio Sancte Marie quod cognomento Viminerium" to Cluny by charter dated 23 May 1127, confirmed by "Infans Ildefonsus…Comes Fernandus…Comes Monio…Infanta Sancia"[27]. Her rule caused resentment among local leaders, and she and her second husband were defeated and expelled from Portugal in 1128 by her son dom Afonso Henriquez. The Chronicon Lusitanum records the death “Kal Nov” in 1168 (1130) of “Regina Donna Tarasia mater Donni Alfonsi…anno secundo regni”[28].

Henrique & his wife had TERESA de Castilla y León [seven] children:

  • 1. [AFONSO Henriques ([1095/1096]-before 1110, bur Braga Cathedral). “Comite Dono Henrico...cum uxore mea Infante Dona Taraxea” granted privileges to “Villa Constantin de Panonias”, confirmed by “Infans Dono Alfoso filius Henrici comiti et uxor mea Infante Dona Taraxia”, by charter dated 1096[29]. It is possible that this document is misdated and that Afonso was born later, considering the likely birth date of his mother. One possibility is that the document is misdated by more than 15 years and that the confirmant was in fact the same person as the future King Afonso I whose birth is dated to 1110 (see below). It does appear inconsistent with usual naming patterns that the eldest son of Henrique and Teresa should be named after the boy´s maternal grandfather, although it is recognised that such patterns do not amount to hard and fast rules and that exceptions to the norm may have applied in the case of a particularly illustrious ancestor.]
  • 2. URRACA Henriques ([1097/1105]-after 21 Sep 1161). The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Elvira and Afonso" as the children of Count Henrique & his wife[30]. "[Uere]mundus Petri" granted arras to "uxori mee infanti domne Orrache filie comitis domni Anrrich et regine domne Tarasie" by charter dated 25 Jul 1122, subscribed by "…comitissa domna Maior, comitissa domna Lupa, Munia Froilaz, Uisclauara Froilaz"[31]. "Ueremudus Petriz filius dompni comitis Petri Froyle et uxor mea infans dompna Urracha comitis Henriqui filia et regine Tharasie…cum filiis et filiabus nostris" refounded the monastery of San Pelayo de Genroso for "filie mee dompne Urrache Ueremundi" by charter dated 9 Oct 1138, subscribed by "…Domna Lupa comitissa Petri comitis filie"[32]. The Chronicon Lusitanum records the rebellion in 1169 (1131) of “Vermudus Petri gener Reginæ Donnæ Tarasiæ…in Castello Sene” and that he was expelled by “Infans [Alfonso]”[33]. The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Teresa hija de la Reina usurpada i del Conde D. Enrique" as the second wife of "D. Vermuiz Perez potestade de Trava"[34]. A charter dated 21 Sep 1161 records the settlement of a dispute between "Domnus Ueremudus Petri…cum uxore mea infantissa domna Urracha et cum filiis et filiabus meis" and the monks of Tojos Outos, which records that "predictus domnus Ueremundus Petri" had become a monk "in monasterium Superaddi" and that "uxor…eius infantissa domna Urracha" had become a nun "in…monasterio de Nogueirosa", subscribed by "filia eius Urracha Uermuiz, Fernandus Ueremudi, Sudarius Ueremudi, Santia Ueremudi, Tarasia Ueremudi…"[35]. married (before 25 Jul 1122) VERMUDO Pérez de Trava Conde de Trastámara, son of PEDRO Froilaz de Traba & his first wife Urraca Fróilaz (-Sobrado [1168]).
  • 3. ELVIRA Henriques The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Elvira and Afonso" as the children of Count Henrique and his wife[36].
  • 4. daughter Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by two charters of Afonso I King of Portugal dated Dec 1166 in which the son of Sancho Núñez, conde don Velasco Sánchez, is described as "filius sororis eius"[37]. This daughter may have been the same person as either Sancha or Teresa who are named below. married [as his first wife,] SANCHO Núñez, son of conde NUÑO Velásquez & his wife condesa doña Fronilde Sánchez.
  • 5. SANCHA Henriques (-after 1147). Her parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 23 Mar 1143 under which she donated property in Trobajo del Cerecedo, which she had inherited from "avia mea dompna Hensemena Muñiz…et de mater mea eius filia regina dompna Teresa", to the parents of Juan Albertino Bishop of León[38]. Sousa says that Sancha married “D. Fernando Mendes, Rico-homem, Senhor de Bragança”, dying “sem successaõ”, but cites only Antonio Brandaõ´s 1632 Monarchia Lusitana and the Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos[39]. Brandaõ quotes a charter dated 1147 under which “Sancia reginæ Taresiæ ac comitis Henrici filia” donated “hum Casal em Saõ Pedro de Gostem” to Braga ”cum concilio mariti mei Fernandi Mendes”[40]. The Nobiliario does not support Sousa´s statement at all: it records the wife of “D. Fernan Mendez el Bravo Bragançon” as “D. Teresa Alonso”, daughter of Afonso I King of Portugal by "D. Elvira Gualtar", adding that the king had separated Teresa from her previous husband “don Sancho Nuñez” with whom he had fought[41]. The Livro Velho does not name the wife of "D. Fernão Mendes o bravo" at all[42]. The mid-14th century Nobiliario and Livro Velho cannot be considered reliable sources for events which occurred more than 200 years earlier, in the absence of corroboration from earlier documents. The Braga charter must therefore be preferred. Barton, citing Mattoso, on the other hand names Sancha Henriques as the wife of Sancho Núñez (whose marriage to an unnamed daughter of Conde Henrique is confirmed above)[43]. As noted below under her possible sister Teresa, one solution to the problem would be if Sancha married both noblemen in turn, as reported by the Nobiliario, which would have merely mistaken her parentage and her name. married [as his second wife,] FERNANDO Mendes “o Bravo” Senhor de Bragança de Langroiva e Noman (in Galicia), son of MENDO Fernández Senhor de Bragança & his wife.
  • 6. [TERESA Henriques . The Nobiliario of Pedro Conde de Barcelos names "D. Teresa Enriquez" as the daughter of "El Conde D. Enrique" and his wife "la Reina D. Teresa"[44]. Sousa says that Teresa died “sem estado”, but adds that Antonio Brandaõ (writing in 1632) states that she could have been the wife of “D. Sancho Nunes de Barbosa”[45]. Brandaõ cites no document in support of the statement, other than the Nobiliario´s report concerning the daughter, not sister, of King Afonso I who married in turn Sancho Núñez and Fernando Mendes (see above under her sister Sancha)[46]. He also refers to one of the Dec 1166 charters of Afonso I King of Portugal, referred to above, in which Sancho´s son, conde don Velasco Sánchez, is described as "filius sororis eius"[47]. As noted above, the mid-14th century Nobiliario can hardly be considered a reliable source for events which occurred more than two centuries earlier. One solution to this confused situation may be that the same sister of King Alfonso I (presumably Sancha) married both noblemen, as reported by the Nobiliario, which merely mistook her parentage and her name. If that is correct, it is possible that there never was a daughter of Conde Enrique who was named Teresa (although that does seem unlikely considering the name of Enrique´s wife).]
  • 7. NN Henriquez (-[before 1110], bur Braga Cathedral). Sousa refers to the Chronica do Conde D. Henrique which records the birth of a son (unnamed) who died young and was buried “em Braga”[48].
  • 8. AFONSO Henriquez (Guimaraes 25 Jul [1106/12]-Coimbra 6 Dec 1185, bur Coimbra, Church of the Cross). The Chronicon Regum Legionensium names (in order) "Urraca, Elvira and Afonso" as the children of Count Henrique & his wife[49]. He succeeded his father in 1112 as AFONSO I Conde de Portugal. Ruling through his mother, he overthrew and expelled her from Portugal in 1128. He proclaimed himself AFONSO I "the Conqueror" King of Portugal in 1139.

Henrique had [one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress]:

  • 9. [PEDRO Afonso de Portugal Sousa refers to the Chronica do Conde D. Henrique which records “D. Pedro Affonso” as illegitimate son of Conde Henrique by “huma mulher de qualidade”[50]. However, if this information is correct, the patronymic “Affonso” makes little sense, especially as the use in the Iberian peninsula of “variable” patronymics, adopted from an illustrious ancestor not just the father, is not observed with frequency before the 13th century. Sousa also notes that the same person was Maestre of the Order of Aviz. However, the charter dated 1162, issued by the Cistercians to confirm the rules of the Order of Aviz, in the presence of “regis Aldephonsi”, is subscribed by “...Petrus proles Regis Par Francorum et Magister novæ militiæ...”[51]. The reference to “proles Regis” in this document suggests that Pedro´s father must have been King Afonso I and not Conde Henrique, who never adopted the royal title. Until the emergence of more information, it is assumed that this person never existed and that he has been confused with the illegitimate son of King Afonso who was called Pedro (see below). Sousa quotes an epitaph in Alcobaça which records the death 9 May 1175 of “Domnus Petrus Alphonsus Alcobatiæ monachus Alphonsi regis frater” and adding that his body was transferred to the monastery in 1293[52]. However, the epitaph itself says that it was placed in 1678, and it would not therefore be surprising if the inscription contained errors.]

Henry, Count of Portugal,by Wikipedia

Family Relations

Born in about 1066 in Dijon, Duchy of Burgundy, Count Henry was the youngest son of Henry, the second son of Robert I, Duke of Burgundy.[1][2] His two older brothers, Hugh I and Odo, inherited the duchy.[2] No contemporary record of his mother has survived. She was once thought to have been named Sibylla based on an undated obituary reporting the death of "Sibilla, mater ducus Burgundie" (Sibylla, mother of the Duke of Burgundy), under the reasoning that she was not called duchess herself and hence must have been the wife of Henry, the only father of a duke who never himself held the ducal title, yet this was probably a reference to her daughter-in-law, Sibylla, mother of the then-reigning Hugh II. Richard suggested that she might instead have been called Clémence.[3] Whatever her name, her son Henry was kinsman (congermanus) of his brother-in-law, Raymond of Burgundy, and this relationship may have come through either, or both, of their mothers, who are both of undocumented parentage. It has been suggested that Henry's mother may have been the daughter of Reginald I, which would make her the maternal aunt of Raymond who would then be Henry’s first cousin.[4] This solution is problematic, as Henry's brother Odo I, Duke of Burgundy married Raymond's sister, Sibylla, and though marriages between close kin sometimes took place through dispensation, the prohibition against first-cousin marriages in church law makes it likely that the relationship between Odo and Sibylla, and hence that between Henry and Raymond, was more distant.[5] Based on the relationship between Henry and Raymond and the apparent introduction of the byname Borel into the family of the dukes of Burgundy through this marriage, genealogist Szabolcs de Vajay suggested Henry's mother was daughter of Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona, and his wife Guisla de Lluçà.[6][7][a]

One of his paternal aunts was Constance of Burgundy, the wife of Alfonso VI of León, and one of his grand-uncles was Hugh, Abbot of Cluny, one of the most influential and venerated personalities of his time.[1] Count Henry’s family was very powerful and governed many cities in France such as Chalon, Auxerre, Autun, Nevers, Dijon, Mâcon and Semur.[1]

Reconquista

After the defeat of the Christian troops in the Battle of Sagrajas in October 1086, in the early months of the following year, King Alfonso VI appealed for aid from Christians at the other side of the Pyrenees. Many French nobles and soldiers heeded the call, including Raymond of Burgundy, Henry's brother, Duke Odo, and Raymond of St. Gilles.[10] Not all of them arrived at the same time in the Iberian Peninsula and it is most likely that Raymond of Burgundy came in 1091.[11][b] Although some authors claim that Count Henry came with the expedition which arrived in 1087, even though "documentary evidence here is much more slight",[13] his presence is confirmed only as of 1096 when he appears confirming the forais of Guimarães and Constantim de Panoias.

Three of these French nobles married daughters of King Alfonso VI: Raymond of Burgundy married infanta Urraca, later Queen Urraca of León; Raymond of St. Gilles married Elvira; and Henry of Burgundy married Teresa of León, an illegitimate daughter of the king and his mistress Jimena Muñoz.[14]

Pact with his Cousin Raymond of Burgundy

Between the first quarter of 1096 and the end of 1097, count Raymond, seeing that his influence in the Curia Regis was diminishing, reached an agreement with his cousin Henry of Burgundy, who had not yet been appointed governor of Portugal. The birth of King Alfonso's only son, Sancho Alfónsez, was also perceived as a threat by the two cousins. They agreed to share power, the royal treasury, and to support each other.[15] Under this agreement, which counted with the blessings of their relative, the Abbot of Cluny,[c] Raymond "promised his cousin under oath to hand him over the Kingdom of Toledo and one third of the royal treasury upon the death of King Alfonso VI". If he could not deliver Toledo, he would give him Galicia. Henry, in turn, promised to help Raymond "obtain all the dominions of King Alfonso and two thirds of the royal treasury".[17][18] It seems that news of this pact reached the king who, in order to counter the initiative of his two sons-in-law, appointed Henry governor of the region extending a flumine mineo usque in tagum (from the Minho River to the banks of the Tagus).[19] Until then, this region had been governed by count Raymond who saw his power limited to just Galicia.[20][d]

Accordingly, both cousins instead of being allies, became rivals with conflicting interests; the succession pact went up in smoke and, henceforth, each would try to garner the favor of King Alfonso.

After the Death of Alfonso VI

After Raymond's death, Queen Urraca (Teresa's half-sister) married Alfonso the Battler for political and strategic reasons. Henry took advantage of the family conflicts and political unrest to serve on both sides and aggrandize his domains at the cost of the squabbling royal couple.

Caught under siege in Astorga by the King of Aragon, then at war with Urraca, Henry held the city with the help of his sister-in-law. Henry died on 22 May 1112,[23] from wounds received during the siege.[24] His remains were transferred, following his previous orders, to Braga where he was buried in a chapel at Braga Cathedral the building of which he had promoted.[25] After his death, his widow governed the county since their son Afonso was only three years old at that time.[26]

Legacy

Count Henry was the leader of a group of gentlemen, monks, and clerics of French origin who exerted great influence in the Iberian Peninsula, promoted many reforms and introduced several institutions from the other side of the Pyrenees, such as the customs of Cluny and the Roman Rite. They occupied relevant ecclesiastical and political positions which provoked a strong backlash during the last years of the reign of King Alfonso VI.[27]

Links

Sources

  • Reyes de Borgoña: ver cuadro genealógico en Historia Universal, EUNSA, tomo IV, p. 325.
  • Caetano de Souza, Antonio (1735). Historia Genealógica de la Real Casa Portuguesa (PDF) (in Portuguese). I, Books I and II. Lisbon: Lisbon Occidental, na oficina de Joseph Antonio da Sylva. ISBN 978-84-8109-908-9.
  • David, Pierre (1948). "La pacte succesoral entre Raymond de Galice et Henri de Portugal". Bulletin Hispanique (in French). 50 (3). pp. 275–290. doi:10.3406/hispa.1948.3146.
  • López Morán, Enriqueta (2005). "El monacato femenino gallego en la Alta Edad Media (Lugo y Orense) (Siglos XIII al XV)" (PDF). Nalgures (in Spanish) (II). A Coruña: Asociación Cultura de Estudios Históricos de Galicia. pp. 49–142. ISSN 1885-6349. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-02-06.
  • López Sangil, José Luis (2002). La nobleza altomedieval gallega, la familia Froílaz-Traba (in Spanish). La Coruña: Toxosoutos, S.L. ISBN 84-95622-68-8.
  • Manrique, Ángel (1649). Anales cistercienses (in Latin). 2.
  • Martínez Díez, Gonzalo (2003). Alfonso VI: Señor del Cid, conquistador de Toledo (in Spanish). Madrid: Temas de Hoy, S.A. ISBN 8484602516.
  • Mattoso, José (2014). D. Afonso Henriques (in Portuguese) (2nd ed.). Lisbon: Temas e Debates. ISBN 978-972-759-911-0.
  • Reilly, Bernard F. (1995). The Contest of Christian and Muslim Spain, 1031-1157. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell. ISBN 9780631169130.
  • Reilly, Bernard F. (1998). The Kingdom of León-Castilla Under King Alfonso VII, 1126-1157. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 9780812234527.
  • Reilly, Bernard F. (1982). The Kingdom of León-Castilla Under Queen Urraca, 1109-1126. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780812234527.
  • Richard, Jean (1958). "Sur les alliances familiales des ducs de Bourgogne aux XIIe et XIIIe siècles". Annales de Bourgogne (in French). 30: 34–46, 232.
  • Rodrigues Oliveira, Ana (2010). Rainhas medievais de Portugal. Dezassete mulheres, duas dinastias, quatro séculos de História (in Portuguese). Lisbon: A esfera dos livros. ISBN 978-989-626-261-7.
  • Sotto Mayor Pizarro, José Augusto (2007). "O regime senhorial na frontera do nordeste português. Alto Douro e Riba Côa (Séculos XI-XIII)". Hispania. Revista Española de Historia (in Portuguese). XVII (227). Madrid: Instituto de Historia "Jerónimo *
  • Zurita; Centro de Estudios Históricos. pp. 849–880. ISSN 0018-2141.
  • Vajay, Szabolcs de (1960). "Bourgogne, Lorraine et Espagne aux XIe siècle: Étiennette, dite de Vienne, comtesse de Bourgogne". Annales de Bourgogne (in French). 32: 233–66.
  • Vajay, Szabolcs de (1962). "A propos de la 'Guerre de Bourgogne': Notes sur les successions de Bourgogne et de Mâcon aux Xe et XIe siècles". Annales de Bourgogne (in French). 34: 153–69.
  • Vajay, Szabolcs de (2000), "Parlons encore d'Etiennette", in Keats-Rohan, Katherine S. B.; Settipani, Christian (eds.), Onomastique et Parente dans l'Occident medieval, Prosopographica et Genealogica no. 3 (in French), pp. 2–6

О Henrique de Borgonha, conde de Portugal (русский)

Генрих Бургундский — граф Португалии, основатель Бургундской династии, правившей Португалией до 1383 года.