Henry Cromwell, Lord Deputy of Ireland

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Henry Cromwell, Lord Deputy of Ireland's Geni Profile

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Lord Deputy of Ireland Henry Cromwell

Birthdate: (46)
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
Death: March 23, 1674 (46)
Spinney Abbey, Cambridgeshire, England
Place of Burial: Wicken, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland and Elizabeth Cromwell
Husband of Elizabeth Cromwell
Father of Oliver Cromwell; Major Henry Cromwell; Francis Cromwell; Richard Cromwell; William Cromwell and 1 other
Brother of Robert Cromwell; Oliver Cromwell, Jr.; Bridget Fleetwood (Cromwell); Richard Cromwell, 2nd Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland; Elizabeth Claypoole and 3 others

Occupation: Lord Deputy of Ireland
Managed by: Mark Ashton Warner, BA
Last Updated:

About Henry Cromwell, Lord Deputy of Ireland

"Henry Cromwell (20 January 1628 – 23 March 1674) was the fourth son of Oliver Cromwell and Elizabeth Bourchier, and an important figure in the Parliamentarian regime in Ireland."









Citations / Sources:

[S37] #93 [Book version] The Dictionary of National Biography: from the Earliest Times to 1900 (1885-1900, reprint 1993), Stephen, Leslie, (22 volumes. 1885-1900. Reprint, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993), FHL book 920.042 D561n., vol. 48 p. 48.

[S335] #506 Visitation of England and Wales, Notes (1896-1921), Howard, Joseph Jackson, (14 volumes. [London]: Frederick Arthur Crisp, 1896-1921), FHL book 942 D23hn., vol. 6 p. 125.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 4 appndx. G p. 600, 634 fn. (c).

He was born at Huntingdon and educated at Felsted School and Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He served under his father during the latter part of the English Civil War. His active life, however, was mainly spent in Ireland, whither he took some troops to assist Oliver early in 1650, and he was one of the Irish representatives in the Barebones Parliament of 1653. In 1653 Henry married Elizabeth (died 1687), daughter of Sir Francis Russell, who went on to bear him five sons and two daughters.

Ireland He was the seventh Chancellor of Trinity College, Dublin between 1653 and 1660.

In 1654 he was again in Ireland, and after making certain recommendations to his father, now lord protector, with regard to the government of that country, he became major-general of the forces in Ireland and a member of the Irish council of state, taking up his new duties in July 1655. Nominally Henry was subordinate to the lord-deputy, Charles Fleetwood, but Fleetwood's departure for England in September 1655 left him for all practical purposes the ruler of Ireland. He moderated the lord-deputy's policy of deporting the Irish, and unlike him he paid some attention to the interests of the English settlers. Moreover, again unlike Fleetwood, he appears to have held the scales evenly between the different Protestant sects, and his undoubted popularity in Ireland is attested by Clarendon.

In November 1657 Henry himself was made lord-deputy; but before this time he had refused a gift of property worth £1500 a year, basing his refusal on the grounds of the poverty of the country, a poverty which was not the least of his troubles. In 1657 he advised his father not to accept the office of king, although in 1654 he had supported a motion to this effect; and after the dissolution of Cromwell's second parliament in February 1658 he showed his anxiety that the protector should act in a moderate and constitutional manner. After Oliver's death Henry hailed with delight the succession of his brother Richard to the office of protector, but although he was now appointed lieutenant and governor-general of Ireland, it was only with great reluctance that he remained in that country.

Later life Having rejected proposals to assist in the restoration of Charles II, Henry was recalled to England in June 1659 just after his brother's fall; quietly obeying this order he resigned his office at once. Although he lost some property at the Restoration, he was allowed after some solicitation to keep the estate he had bought in Ireland.

His concluding years were passed peacefully at Spinney Abbey in Wicken, Cambridgeshire. He was unmolested by the government, and, indeed, the king on one occasion visited him there. He died at Wicken and is buried in the parish church alongside his wife.

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Henry Cromwell, Lord Deputy of Ireland's Timeline

January 20, 1628
Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
Age 25
Whitehall, England
Age 27
Age 29
Age 34