Historical records matching Henry S. Geyer, U.S. Senator
About Henry S. Geyer, U.S. Senator
Henry Sheffie Geyer (December 9, 1790 – March 5, 1859) was a politician, lawyer, and soldier from Missouri. Born in Frederick, Maryland, he was instructed privately, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1811 and practiced law in Frederick. During the War of 1812 he served as a first lieutenant in the Thirty-sixth Regiment, Maryland Infantry from 1813 to 1815; in the latter year he settled in St. Louis, Missouri and resumed the practice of law. He was a member of the Territorial assembly in 1818 and a delegate to the constitutional convention in 1820. From 1820 to 1824 he was a member of the Missouri House of Representatives and again in 1834-1835, serving as speaker on two occasions. He authored the Geyer Act of 1839 establishing public education in Missouri as well as the University of Missouri.
Geyer was elected as a Whig to the U.S. Senate and served from March 4, 1851, to March 4, 1857; he was not a candidate for reelection and resumed the practice of law in St. Louis. He was attorney for the defendant slave-owner in the Dred Scott case.
Geyer died in St. Louis in 1859; interment was in Bellefontaine Cemetery. Geyer Road in St. Louis is named in his honor.
Notable Missouri lawyer. Geyer began practicing law in Maryland & then enlisted as a first lieutenant in the 36th Regiment, Maryland Infantry during the War of 1812. After the war he moved to St. Louis & began practicing law there. He was a member of the Missouri territorial House of Representatives in 1818 & published a compilation of the territorial laws called "Geyer's Digest." He served in the Missouri House of Representatives 1820-1824 & 1834-1835 & was elected Speaker of the House in 1821, 1822 & 1824. The Geyer Act, which authorized the creation of a comprehensive system of public schools at all levels, was approved by the General Assembly in 1839. He helped to write a set of protest resolutions for President Andrew Jackson to recharter the Bank of the United States & helped to form Missouri's Whig Party in the mid-1830's. President Fillmore offered Geyer the position of Secretary of War in 1850; however, he declined the offer. He served one term in the U.S. Senate (1851-1857), then continued to practice law. He was the attorney for the defendant slave-owner John F.A. Sanford in the famous Dred Scott