Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch

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Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch

Death: Died in Dalkeith Castle, Scotland
Place of Burial: Dalkeith Castle, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of Francis Scott, Earl of Dalkieth and Caroline Townshend, 1st Baroness Greenwich
Husband of Elizabeth Montagu, Lady
Father of Mary Stopford (Scott), Countess of Courtown; Elizabeth Scott, Lady; Harriet Kerr; Charles William Henry Montagu-Scott, 4th Duke of Buccleuch; Caroline Douglas, Marchioness of Queensberry and 1 other
Brother of John, Lord Scott of Whitchester and Lady Frances Scott

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About Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch


Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch and 5th Duke of Queensberry KG KT FRSE (2 September 1746 – 11 January 1812) was a Scottish nobleman and long-time friend of the notable Sir Walter Scott. He is the paternal 3rd great-grandfather of HRH Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, and the maternal 4th great-grandfather of HRH Prince William of Gloucester and HRH Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester. He is also the paternal 5th great-grandfather to Sarah, Duchess of York, and a maternal 6th great-grandfather to HRH Princess Beatrice of York and HRH Princess Eugenie of York.

It was during Henry's tenure as Duke that much of the family's lands and wealth were accumulated. It was he, as well, who integrated the surnames "Montagu" and "Douglas" with the Scott family name to form the unhyphenated compound surname "Montagu Douglas Scott".

Early life Henry Scott was the fourth child of five born to Francis Scott, Earl of Dalkeith and his wife, Caroline Townshend, and the third-born and only surviving male heir. He was baptised on September 29, 1746 at St. George's Church, St. George Street, Hanover Square, London, England. His father, Francis Scott died with smallpox at the age of 29, just one year before the death of Henry's grandfather, the 2nd Duke of Buccleuch. It was young Henry who succeeded his grandfather as Duke of Buccleuch on 22 April 1751, at the age of just four.

Educated at Eton College, through his stepfather Charles Townshend, Henry was given the opportunity to travel abroad with Adam Smith as his tutor from 1764 to 1766. The Duke remained life-long friends with Adam Smith and is credited with bringing him out of his shell.

Marriage and family On 2 May 1767, Henry married Lady Lady Elizabeth Montagu[1], the eldest daughter of Lady Mary Montagu (daughter of Sir John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu and Lady Mary Churchill) and George (Brudenell) Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu. The couple were married in Montagu House, Whitehall, London. Elizabeth's grandparents were John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and Lady Sarah Jenyns, and Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu (first creation) and Elizabeth Wriothesley (daughter of Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton).

Henry and Elizabeth bore seven children together:

Lady Elizabeth Scott (died 29 Jun 1837), married Alexander Home, 10th Earl of Home and had issue.

George Scott, Earl of Dalkeith (25 March 1768 – 29 May 1768)

Lady Mary Scott (21 May 1769 – 21 April 1823), married James Stopford, 3rd Earl of Courtown and had issue.

Sir Charles William Henry Montagu Scott, 4th Duke of Buccleuch & 6th Duke of Queensberry (24 May 1772 – 20 April 1819)

Lady Caroline Scott (6 July 1774 – 29 April 1854), married Charles Douglas, 6th Marquess of Queensberry and had issue.

Henry James Montagu-Scott, 2nd Baron Montagu of Boughton (16 December 1776 – 30 October 1845)

Lady Harriet Scott (1 December 1780 – 18 April 1833), married William Kerr, 6th Marquess of Lothian and had issue.

The origin of the Montagu Douglas Scott surname The Montagu line When Sir John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu died on 5 July 1749, his estate had been entailed to his daughter, Lady Mary Montagu, who was married to Sir George Brudenell, the 4th Earl of Cardigan. The Montagu peerages, like most English peerages, were limited to heirs male, and became extinct with the 2nd Duke. However, within ten days after Montagu’s death, Cardigan adopted the Montagu name and coat of arms for both himself and his two children, in order that the Montagu name should continue. Seventeen years later, in 1766, King George III created him Duke of Montagu and Marquess of Monthermer.

The first Duke of the 1766 creation died 23 May 1790 — also survived only by a daughter, Elizabeth, now Duchess of Buccleuch. Once again the Montagu peerages became extinct. Elizabeth inherited only the unentailed Montagu assets, which included Boughton House in Weekley, Northamptonshire. Like his father-in-law, Buccleuch wished to perpetuate the Montagu name, and adopted the unhyphenated surname Montagu Scott.

The Douglas line William Douglas, 4th Duke of Queensberry never married; when he died on 23 December 1810, his peerages and entailments passed to his 2nd cousin once removed, Sir Henry Montagu Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch, through Sir Henry's grandmother, Lady Jane Douglas, Queensberry’s first cousin once removed. Buccleuch then added the surname to his own, forming the unhyphenated surname Montagu Douglas Scott which the family bears to this day.

Career Buccleuch was Governor of the Royal Bank of Scotland from 1777 to 1812. He was President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh from 1783 to 1812. He was Lord-Lieutenant of Haddington from 1794 to 1812, and Lord-Lieutenant of Midlothian from 1794 to 1812. In 1778, he raised successfully a regiment of Fencibles.

Death Buccleuch died at Dalkeith Palace, Midlothian, Scotland, on 11 January 1812, aged 65. He was buried in the Buccleuch family crypt in St. Mary's Church, Dalkeith.

Titles, honours and awards 31 January 1748 – 31 March 1750: Henry Scott, Lord Eskdaill 1 April 1750 – 21 April 1751: Henry Scott, Earl of Dalkeith 22 April 1751 – 22 December 1810: His Grace, Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch 1778 – 1812: Captain General of the Royal Company of Archers 1767: Appointed Knight of the Thistle (KT) 1794: Appointed Knight of the Garter (KG) (resigning as Knight of the Thistle) 1802: Inherited the Lordship of Bowland from his wife's brother-in-law, 1st Earl of Beaulieu 23 December 1810 – 11 January 1812: His Grace, Sir Henry Montagu Douglas Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch & 5th Duke of Queensberry





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Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch's Timeline

September 2, 1746
September 29, 1746
St. George's Church, St. George Street, Hanover Square, London, England
May 21, 1769
Age 22
October 10, 1770
Age 24
London, Greater London, United Kingdom
May 24, 1772
Age 25
July 6, 1774
Age 27
London, Middlesex, England
Age 29
December 1, 1780
Age 34
January 11, 1812
Age 65
Dalkeith Castle, Scotland