Henry of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Lancaster

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Henry of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Lancaster

Also Known As: "Henry Plantagenet"
Birthdate: (51)
Birthplace: Grosmont Castle, Grosmont, Monmouthshire, England
Death: March 23, 1361 (47-55)
Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England (plague)
Place of Burial: Newark Abbey, Leicester, Leicestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry of Lancaster and Maud de Chaworth
Husband of Isabel de Beaumont, Duchess of Lancaster
Partner of Juliana's Mother
Father of Maud Plantagenet, Countess of Leicester; Blanche of Lancaster, Duchess of Lancaster and Juliana Grosmont of Lancaster
Brother of Isabel Plantagenet; Maud of Lancaster, Countess of Ulster; Eleanor of Lancaster, Countess of Arundel and Warenne; Joan of Lancaster, Baroness de Mowbray and Mary of Lancaster, Baroness Percy

Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Henry of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Lancaster

"Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, 4th Earl of Leicester and Lancaster, KG (c. 1310 – 23 March 1361), also Earl of Derby, was a member of the English nobility in the 14th century, and a prominent English diplomat, politician, and soldier. The son and heir of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, and Maud Chaworth, he became one of Edward III's most trusted captains in the early phases of the Hundred Years' War and distinguished himself with victory in the Battle of Auberoche. He was a founding member and the second Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1348, and in 1351 was created duke. Grosmont was also the author of the book Livre de seyntz medicines, a highly personal devotional treatise. He is remembered as one of the founders and early patrons of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, which was established by two of the guilds of the town in 1352."










Citations / Sources:

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 76.

Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, vol. 2 p. 529 Family History Library (FHL) :

Royal Ancestry: A study in colonial and medieval families, vol. 3 p. 486 Family History Library (FHL) :

The Visitation of the County of Leicester in the Year 1619, Taken by William Camden, vol. 2 p. 169 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL microfilm 86,958 item 2

Cahiers de Saint-Louis, vol. 30 p. 12 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book 944 D22ds

Journal of British Studies, "Edward III and His Family", vol. 26 no. 4 p. 398 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL Book 942 H25j

Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families [database online], England, Kings 1066-1603 <englishnobilitymedieval> [accesse

Foundations: Journal of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, vol. 1 no. 5 2005 p. 307

The Genealogist, vol. 26 no. 2 p. 215 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book 929.105 G286n

[#798] The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, vol. 1 p. 77 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 items 6-9

A Short Treatise on the Isle of Man, Digested into Six Chapters, appendix D, FHL microfiche 6023632 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL fiche 6,023,631-6,023,632

Europaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europaischen Staaten. Neue Folge, Band 1.1 Tafel 104 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book Q 940 D5es new series

The History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton, vol. 1 p. 55 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book Q 942.55 H2ba; FHL microfilm 962,237 items 1-2

The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland: Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Historians, National Records and Other Authentic Documents, Public and Private, p. 42 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book 942.545 H2b (British X Large Folio)

Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets Family History Library (FHL) : FHL film 1553977-1553985

Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, p. 196 Family History Library (FHL) : FHl book 942 D22bgr

The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, vol. 1 p. 18 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book Q 942 D22pg

Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire, p. I Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334

Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701, p. 203 LANCASTER:13.i, 12 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book 973 D2fp

A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time, vol. 1 p. 5*, 70; vol. 2 p. 25 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book 942.43 H2b

British Genealogy, book 6 p. F3 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2

Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700: the Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, p. 3 line 1:31 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book 974 D2w 1992

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Henry of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Lancaster's Timeline

Grosmont Castle, Grosmont, Monmouthshire, England
April 4, 1339
Age 29
Bolingbroke Castle, Lindsey
March 25, 1342
Age 32
Castle Grosmont, Grosmont, Monmouthshire, England
March 23, 1361
Age 51
Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England
Newark Abbey, Leicester, Leicestershire, England