Hermes Mercury god of the sun, music, and prophecy
Greek: Ἑρμῆς god of the sun, music, and prophecy
|Death:||(Date and location unknown)|
Son of Zeus and Maia
|Occupation:||aka Argiphontes, Psychopompus, Mercury, God of theives and commerce;messenger of the Gods, Olympian god of speed, messengers, thieves, travellers, and commerce|
|Managed by:||Jason Scott Wills|
Mensajero de los Dioses
[1.1] ZEUS & MAIA (Hesiod Theogony 938 & Astronomy Frag 1, Homeric Hymn 4 to Hermes, Homeric Hymn 17, Alcaeus Frag 308, Simonides Frag 555, Aeschylus Libation Bearers 683 & Frag 212, Apollodorus 3.112, Philostratus Elder 1.46, Ovid Fasti 5.79)
[1.2] ZEUS (innumerable references)
[2.1] DIONYSOS & APHRODITE (Orphic Hymn 57)
Mensageiro dos deuses e patrono da ginástica, dos ladrões, dos diplomatas, dos comerciantes, da astronomia, da eloquência e de algumas formas de iniciação, além de ser o guia das almas dos mortos para o reino de Hades.
Hermes (Greek, Ἑρμῆς, IPA: ['hɜ(r)miz]), in Greek mythology, is the Olympian god of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them, of shepherds and cowherds, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of weights and measures, of invention, of commerce in general, and of the cunning of thieves and liars.
Hermes was born on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia to Maia. As the story is told in the Homeric Hymn, the Hymn to Hermes, Maia was a nymph, but Greeks generally applied the name to a midwife or a wise and gentle old woman; so the nymph appears to have been an ancient one, or more probably a goddess. At any rate, she was one of the Pleiades, daughters of Atlas, taking refuge in a cave of Mount Cyllene in Arcadia.
The infant Hermes was precocious. His first day he invented the lyre. By nightfall, he had rustled the immortal cattle of Apollo. For the first sacrifice, the taboos surrounding the sacred kine of Apollo had to be transgressed, and the trickster god of boundaries was the one to do it.
Hermes drove the cattle back to Greece and hid them, and covered their tracks. When Apollo accused Hermes, Maia said that it could not be him because he was with her the whole night. However, Zeus entered the argument and said that Hermes did steal the cattle and they should be returned. While arguing with Apollo, Hermes began to play his lyre. The instrument enchanted Apollo and he agreed to let Hermes keep the cattle in exchange for the lyre.