Hermanfried, King of the Thüringians

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Hermanfried der Thüringen, König der Thüringer

Also Known As: "Ermenfred", "Ermenfrit", "Hermanfred", "Hermanfrid"
Birthdate:
Death: Died in Zülpich, Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie, Allemagne
Cause of death: ermordet
Immediate Family:

Son of Basinus II, king of the Thüringians and Ménia, a Lombard
Husband of Amalberga,Prinzessin der Vandalen
Father of Rodelinde; Amalafrid von Thüringen and Amalaberge Thuringen, van
Brother of Baderich, king of the Thüringians and Radegund of the Thuringians
Half brother of Baderich, king of the Thüringians; Bertachar, co-King of the Thüringians and Theodogotho

Occupation: Roy de Thüringe, Roi de Thuringe-534, 509 König in Mittel-Thüringen.
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Hermanfried, King of the Thüringians

Herminafrid regierte bis 516 gemeinschaftlich mit seinen Brüdern Balderich und Berthachar, tötete aber auf Anstiften seiner herrschsüchtigen Gemahlin Berthachar und verband sich gegen Balderich mit dem Franken-König Theuderich I. Als Balderich 516 besiegt und gefallen war und Herminafrid sich weigerte, seinem Versprechen gemäß dem Franken-König die Hälfte des Landes abzutreten, zog dieser im Verein mit seinem Bruder Chlothar I. und den Sachsen gegen ihn und schlug ihn 531 in der Nähe von Burgscheidungen an der Unstrut. Herminafrid zog sich in den südlichen Teil seines Reiches zurück und wurde 534 in Zülpich bei Verhandlungen ermordet. Aus vornehmen Geschlecht stammte Audoin bestimmt, wenngleich nichts Näheres darüber bekannt ist. Es war jedoch mit dem alten langobardischen Königshaus und dem der Thüringer über Audoins Mutter versippt. Diese mit dem Namen Menia, war in erster Ehe mit dem Thüringer-König Bisin verheiratet, so daß Wachos erste Gemahlin Radegunde, die aus dieser Ehe stammte, Audoins Halbschwester war. Audoins Vater, den Menia in zweiter Ehe heiratete, ist namentlich nicht bekannt. Hinzugefügt werden kann, daß Audoin selbst Rodelinde zur Frau hatte, die vielleicht bayerischer Herkunft war. Aus dieser Ehe stammte Audoins Sohn und Nachfolger Alboin.


Hermanfrid (also Hermanifrid or Hermanafrid; ) was the last independent king of the Thuringii. He was one of three sons of King Bessinus (or Bisinus) and the Lombard Menia (or Basina). His siblings were Baderic; Radegund (the elder), married to the Lombard king Wacho; and Bertachar.

Hermanfrid married Amalaberga, daughter of Amalafrida who was the daughter of Theodemir, between 507 and 511. Amalberga was also the niece of Theodoric the Great. It is unclear when Hermanfrid became king, but he is called king (rex thoringorum) in a letter by Theodoric dated to 507. He first shared the rule with his brothers Baderic and Bertachar, but later killed Bertachar in a battle in 529, leaving the young Radegund an orphan.

According to Gregory of Tours, Amalaberga now stirred up Hermanfrid against his remaining brother. Once she laid out only half the table for a meal, and when questioned about the reason, she told him "A king who owns only of half of his kingdom deserved to have half of his table bare." Thus roused, Hermanfrid made a pact with the king of Metz, Theuderic I, to march against Baderic. Baderic was overcome by the Franks and beheaded, but Hermanfrid refused to fulfill his obligations to Theuderic, which led to enmity between the two kings.

In 531 or 532, Theuderic, his son Theudebert I, and his brother King Clotaire I of Soissons attacked the Thuringii. The Franks won a battle near the river Unstrut and took the royal seat at Scithingi (modern Burgscheidungen). Hermanfrid managed to flee, but the Franks captured his niece Radegund (see Venantius Fortunatus, De excidio Thoringae) and his nephews.

Theuderic gave Hermanfrid safe conduct, ordered him to come to Zülpich, and gave him many gifts. While Hermanfrid talked with Theuderic, somebody pushed him from the town walls of Zülpich and he died. Gregory mentions that certain people had ventured to suggest that Theuderic might have had something to do with it.

Radegund was then forced to marry King Clotaire, while Hermanfrid's wife Amalaberga fled to the Ostrogoths with her children Amalafrid and Rodelinda. She was later captured by the Byzantine general Belisarius and sent to Constantinople, where Amalafrid later became an imperial general and Rodelinda was married to the Lombard king Auduin.

The Thuringian kingdom ended with Hermanfrid. The area east of the Saale river was taken over by Slavic tribes, north Thuringia by the Saxons.

The fall of the Thuringian dynasty became the subject of numerous epic treatments, the best known of which is in the Rerum gestarum saxonicarum libri tres by Widukind of Corvey, a Saxon foundation myth written in 967. Rudolph of Fulda tells a related story.


Hermenfried van Thüringen

  • MyHeritage Family Trees
  • Stamboom van Tweel 1 maart 4103 in van Tweel Web Site, managed by J.J. van Tweel
  • Birth: 490 - Zülpich (D)
  • Death: 534 - Zülpich (D)
  • Parents: Basinumus Ii Van Thüringen, Menia Van Thüringen (geboren Der Longobarden)
  • Wife: Amalaberge Van Thüringen (geboren Der Vandalen)
  • Daughter: Amalaberge Van Ascanië (geboren Van Thüringen)

Hermenfried (Hermanfrid) van Thüringen

  • MyHeritage Family Trees
  • Cortlever, managed by Nico Cortlever
  • Birth: 459
  • Death: 532 - Zülpich
  • Mother: Basina Der Merovingen (geboren Van Thüringen)
  • Siblings: Aldofleda Der Franken, Chlodovech (Clovis) I Der Merovingen, Berenthobald I Van Ascanië
  • Wife: Amalaberge Van Thüringen (geboren Der Vandalen)
  • Children: Rodelinde Di Lombardi (geboren Van Thüringen), Amalaberge Van Ascanië (geboren Van Thüringen)

Hermenfried van Thüringen

  • MyHeritage Family Trees
  • van Beek Family Tree in van Beek Web Site, managed by Jeen van Beek
  • Birth: 490 - Zülpich, Duitsland
  • Death: 534 - Zülpich, Duitsland
  • Parents: Hermenfried (Hermanfrid) van Thüringen

MyHeritage Family Trees Cortlever, managed by Nico Cortlever Birth: 459 Death: 532 - Zülpich Mother: Basina Der Merovingen (geboren Van Thüringen) Siblings: Aldofleda Der Franken, Chlodovech (Clovis) I Der Merovingen, Berenthobald I Van Ascanië Wife: Amalaberge Van Thüringen (geboren Der Vandalen) Children: Rodelinde Di Lombardi (geboren Van Thüringen), Amalaberge Van Ascanië (geboren Van Thüringen)

Hermenfried van Thüringen


MyHeritage Family Trees van Beek Family Tree in van Beek Web Site, managed by Jeen van Beek Birth: 490 - Zülpich, Duitsland Death: 534 - Zülpich, Duitsland Parents: Bisinus Van Thüringen, Menia Van Thüringen Siblings: Balderic Van Thüringen, Berthachar Van Thüringen, Audoin Van De Lombarden, Bertaire Van Thüringen, Radegonde Van Thüringen Wife: Amalaberge Van Thüringen (born Der Vandalen) Children: Amalaberge Van Ascanië (born Van Thüringen), Menia Van Thüringen, Rodelindis Van De Lombarden (born Van Thüringen), Amalfried Van Thüringe

Van Thüringen, Menia Van Thüringen
  • Siblings: Balderic Van Thüringen, Berthachar Van Thüringen, Audoin Van De Lombarden, Bertaire Van Thüringen, Radegonde Van Thüringen
  • Wife: Amalaberge Van Thüringen (born Der Vandalen)
  • Children: Amalaberge Van Ascanië (born Van Thüringen), Menia Van Thüringen, Rodelindis Van De Lombarden (born Van Thüringen), Amalfried Van Thüringe
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Hermanfried, King of the Thüringians's Timeline

490
490
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Age 20
Germany
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Age 20
533
533
Age 43
Zülpich, Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie, Allemagne
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