Hoël II (V), duke of Brittany

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Hoël de Cornouaille, count of Kernev, duke-consort of Brittany

Also Known As: "Hoel II of Cornwall", "Brittany", "Duke of Brittany", "Earl of Cornwall"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Cornouaille, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, France
Death: Died in Bretagne, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Alain "Canhiart" de Cornouaille, duc de Bretagne and Judith de Nantes
Husband of Hawise de Rennes
Father of Roger LeStrange; Urien LeStrange; Theobald LeStrange; Bertram LeStrange; Amis LeStrange and 5 others
Brother of Agnès de Cornouaille and Adelinde de Cornouaille

Occupation: Duque da Bretanha e conde da Cornualha, Comte, de Nantes, Prince, de Cornouailles, Duc consort, de Bretagne, Count of Cornouilee, Jure uxoris Duke of Brittany, Comte de Cornouaille, Duke of Brittany, Count of Cornouaille, count of brittany
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Hoël II (V), duke of Brittany

From www.wikipedia.org at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoel_II,_Duke_of_Brittany

Hoel II, Duke of Brittany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hoel II of Cornouaille (c. 1031–1084) was Count of Kernev (French: Cornouaille, Breton: Kernev), from 1058 as Hoel V, and due to his marriage to Hawise, Duchess of Brittany, in 1066, he became Duke of Brittany jure uxoris. Hoel was the son of Alan of Cornwall and his wife, Judith of Nantes, granddaughter of the illegitimate son of Alan II of Brittany. Hoel started the House of Kernev (Cornouaille) of Brittany,[a] which ruled the Duchy until 1156. Little is known of the lives of Hawise and Hoel. However, this political marriage between the House of Rennes in the east and the House of Cornouaille in the west may have further strengthened Brittany at a time when external interference was attempted by William the Conqueror. After Hawise's death in 1072, Hoel acted as regent for his son, Alan IV, until the latter reached his majority[1] in 1084.

During his reign he faced several rebellions from Breton nobles. Geoffrey Grenonat of Rennes (a natural son of Duke Alan III of Brittany and thus a half-brother of Hawise) led a revolt and was joined by Ralph de Gael[2] who had returned to Brittany from England after the failure of the previous year's Revolt of the Earls. In 1076, Ralph having plotted against Hoel, was besieged at Dol, and the Conqueror came to Hoel's aid, after which Hoel finally made peace with Ralph.[3]

Notes

  1. Jump up ^ The Cornouaille region of Brittany is distinct from the Cornwall region of Britain.
  2. References[edit]
  3. Jump up ^ Following examples given in Bailey et al., this may have been at the age of twenty-one.
  4. Jump up ^ Keats-Rohan, p. 3.
  5. Jump up ^ Encyclopædia Britannica see link.

Bibliography

Keats-Rohan (1992). "The Bretons and Normans of England 1066-1154" Nottingham Medieval Studies (PDF).

Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ralph de Guader". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

B. Gregory Bailey, Meaghan E. Bernard, Gregory Carrier, Cherise L. Elliott, John Langdon, Natalie Leishman, Michal

Mlynarz, Oksana Mykhed and Lindsay C. Sidders (January 2008). "Coming of Age and the Family in Medieval England". Journal of Family History 33 (1). pp. 41–60. doi:10.1177/03631990073084492008.


Hoël II, comte de Cornoüaille & de Dol, was the successor of Alain Cangnard, comte de Cornoüaille; Prince of Cornouaille, his father.

Hoël married his first cousin Hawise de Tours, daughter of duc de Bretagne Alain III "le Rebru" de Bretagne and Bertha de Blois.

He was Count of Cornouille in Brittany, France, between 1058 and 1084. He was jure uxoris Duke of Brittany between 1066 and 1084 (co-ruler with his wife, Hawise).

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http://gw.geneanet.org/roxy26?lang=fr&p=hoel+v&n=de+cornouaille

TRANSL into ENGLISH:

Hoel II called Houel Huuel in Breton and Hoël de Cornouaille in French (c 1030-13 apr 1084), oldest son of Alain Canhiart, count of Cornouaille (Breton: Kernev), and Judith, daughter and heiress of Judicael, count of Nantes, was count of Cornouaille and of Nantes, then duke of Brittany from 1066-1084. He became count of Cornouaille at the death of his father in 1058 and count of Nantes, a domain that he administered already, before the death of his mother in 1063. Upon reinforcing the control of the houses of Cornouaille and Nantes, he elected (1059) and consecrated (1061) as a bishop of the city his younger brother Guerech. Upon Guerech's death in 1079, his younger brother Benoit, abbot of St. Croix de Quimperle since 1066, succeeded him as the head of the bishopric. Before 1058, Hoel had married Havoise of Brittany, daughter of duke Alain III of Brittany and sister of Conan II. At the death of the latter, Hoel then became duke consort of Brittany on the 11 of December 1066. Only the county of Rennes escaped his authority, having been given to count Geoffroy Grenonat, an illegitimate son of Alain III. Durig the principality of Hoel, the Breton lords, having participated in the conquest of England with William, obtained important fiefs in England. It is on that occasion that Alain, son of Eudes de Porhoet, obtained the county of Richmond.

The beginning of his reign was calm, but his wife Havoise died in 1072. Hoel then had to face, between 1075-1077, a revolt of the feudal barons led by Geoffroy Boterel (son of Eon I de Penthievre), Geoffroy Grenonat, and Eudes I de Porhoet, seigneurs of High Brittany but also of his patrimonial fief of Cornouaille. Hoel only came to blow with the rebels with the aid of William the Conqueror and the intervention in the combat of his oldest son ALain Fergent. Duke Hoel resided at Quimper and at Nantes with his court among which we noted the presence of a harpist Cadiou "Citharista".

ORIGINAL:

Hoël II dit Houel Huuel en breton et Hoël de Cornouaille en français (vers 1030[1] - 13 avril 1084), fils aîné d’Alain Canhiart, comte de Cornouaille, et de Judith, fille et héritière de Judicaël, comte de Nantes, fut comte de Cornouaille et de Nantes, puis duc de Bretagne de 1066 à 1084.

Il devient comte de Cornouaille à la mort de son père en 1058, et comte de Nantes, domaine qu’il administrait déjà, avant le décès de sa mère en 1063. Afin de renforcer le contrôle de la maison de Cornouaille sur le Nantais, il fait élire (1059), puis consacrer (1061) comme évêque de la cité son frère puîné Guérech. À la mort de Guérech en 1079, son frère cadet Benoît, abbé de Sainte Croix de Quimperlé depuis 1066, lui succède à la tête de l’évêché.

Avant 1058, Hoël avait épousé Havoise de Bretagne, fille du duc Alain III de Bretagne et sœur de Conan II de Bretagne. À la mort de ce dernier, il devient donc duc consort de Bretagne le 11 décembre 1066. Seul le comté de Rennes échappe à son autorité, ayant été donné au comte Geoffroy Grenonat, un fils illégitime d’Alain III.

Pendant le principat de Hoël, les seigneurs bretons ayant participé à la conquête de l’Angleterre avec Guillaume le Conquérant obtiennent des fiefs importants en Angleterre. C'est à cette occasion qu' Alain, fils d'Eudon de Porhoët, obtint le comté de Richmond[2].

Le début de son règne est calme, mais son épouse Havoise meurt en 1072. Hoël doit alors faire face entre 1075 et 1077 à une révolte des féodaux bretons menés par Geoffroy Boterel fils d’Éon Ier de Penthièvre, Geoffroy Grenonat, Eudon Ier de Porhoët, des seigneurs de Haute Bretagne mais aussi de son fief patrimonial de Cornouaille.

Hoël ne vient à bout des rebelles qu’avec l’aide de Guillaume le Conquérant et l’intervention dans les combats de son fils aîné Alain Fergent.

Le duc Hoël réside à Quimper et à Nantes avec sa cour parmi laquelle on relève la présence d’un harpiste Cadiou « citharista ». Hoël meurt le 13 avril 1084[3].


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Hoël II (V), duke of Brittany's Timeline

1030
1030
Cornouaille, Ille-et-Vilaine, Bretagne, France
1038
1038
Age 8
1042
1042
Age 12
1043
1043
Age 13
1044
1044
Age 14
1045
1045
Age 15
1046
1046
Age 16
1047
1047
Age 17
1048
1048
Age 18
Norfolk, England, United Kingdom