Hon. John Tayloe, II

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John Tayloe, II

Birthdate: (57)
Birthplace: Probably Mount Airy Plantation, Near Richmond Courthouse, Richmond County, Province of Virginia
Death: April 12, 1779 (57)
Mount Airy Plantation, Near Richmond Courthouse, Richmond County, Virginia, United States
Place of Burial: Tayloe Family Burying Ground Richmond County Virginia
Immediate Family:

Son of Hon. John Tayloe, I, of "The Old House" and Elizabeth Tayloe
Husband of Rebecca Addison Tayloe
Father of Elizabeth Lloyd; Rebecca Plater Lee; Ann Corbin Tayloe; Eleanor Wormeley; Mary Page Tayloe and 4 others
Brother of William Tayloe; Ann Corbin Page and Elizabeth "Betty" Tayloe

Managed by: Stanley Welsh Duke, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Hon. John Tayloe, II


The Neabsco Iron Works were located in Woodbridge, Virginia, USA. After abandoning the Bristol Iron Works, John Tayloe I established the Neabsco Iron Foundry around 1737. The business became a multifaceted antebellum industrial plantation. Its activities included as farming, leatherworking, milling, shipbuilding, shoemaking, and smithing, as well as supplying raw materials used as weaponry during the American Revolution.The business grew and expanded with his son, John Tayloe II when, In 1756, he bought the Occoquan Ironworks company, eventually running it as one business with the Neabsco. It was situated on 5,000 acres by the Neabsco Creek.

Wikipedia Tayloe was born in Richmond County at Old House, located on Rappahannock River,[4] two miles west of Mount Airy, an estate his grandfather had purchased and upon which he built a home. Inherited a large fortune including 20,000 acres and 320 slaves. In 1756, he bought the Occoquan Ironworks company. member of the House of Burgesses of Virginia 1774

The Blackheath Connection by Dan Byrnes Warnings about an ironworks: During late 1771, about the time Boyick took up his duties, John Tayloe in Virginia took an initiative. He sent some mistrustful "hints" on 8 November, 1771, warning JS&C about the Thorntons; possibly as an older Thornton was dying. It was a warning for which Campbell was grateful. JS&C were then preparing to receive some Virginia iron on the Scarsdale, their correspondent in that matter being William Fitzhugh, Marmion (another distinguished colonial house). ([65]) Iron and tobacco were also expected to arrive by Thornton. (Later, between 1772 and 1774, Colonel Tayloe assisted Campbell by buying part of the Thornton family moiety in the Ceceqhona ironworks). ([66]) (Jacob Price notes how the trade in iron complemented the tobacco trade, particularly in regard of ship ballasting). But Campbell was soon to be disarrayed. Early in 1772 his partner John Stewart died. There was coming a financial bust in the City of London. One reason perhaps that Campbell in the 1780s was so determined to retrieve his American money was that he had inherited so many debtors from Stewart. He may have bought out Stewart's estate to do so, or, been forced to do so. He had ended, perhaps, in simply inheriting or purchasing an intolerable number of American debts. ([67])

Mount Airy The land where Mount Airy is situated was owned by the Tayloe family of Virginia for over one hundred years when Colonel John Tayloe II, a fourth generation tobacco planter, began construction of the house. The project was started around 1748 with completion in 1758 and was actually a horse farm first and foremost. Tayloe used reference books of the day to incorporate architectural themes that give Mount Airy a feeling of strength. Several of racing heritage's greatest horses lived and were bred while at Mount airy and owned or partly owned by John Tayloe II and they included; Sir Archie and Grey Diomed. The original stable and a few outbuildings including a smokehouse and dairy/ice-house survive to this day. The house has passed through ownership several times, but has always remained within the Tayloe family. Formerly owned by Mrs. H. Gwynne Tayloe, Jr. (died 3 June 2011) it is now owned by Mr. John Tayloe Emery, Sr. and is still a private family residence. It owns a commanding view of the Rappahannock River valley perched upon a small hill looking westward towards the town of Tappahannock.

Col. Tayloe's son-in-law Francis Lightfoot Lee, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was housed nearby, in a house built for him by Col. Tayloe, Menokin Plantation.[3] The grave of Lee and his wife are located in the Tayloe family cemetery, approximately 300 yards (270 m) from Mount Airy.[3]


Slides of MT Airy Plantation http://www.jcwebbstudios.com/2012_09_01_archive.html

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Hon. John Tayloe, II's Timeline

May 28, 1721
Near Richmond Courthouse, Richmond County, Province of Virginia
March 6, 1750
Age 28
Near Richmond Courthouse, Richmond County, Province of Virginia
January 17, 1752
Age 30
Near Richmond Courthouse, Richmond County, Province of Virginia
July 7, 1753
Age 32
October 16, 1756
Age 35
Mount Airy, Surry County, North Carolina, United States
October 28, 1759
Age 38
Richmond, Virginia
October 10, 1761
Age 40
March 5, 1765
Age 43
September 3, 1771
Age 50
Mount Airy, NC, USA