??? Horrocks (UK) ?????

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??? Horrocks (UK) ?????

Immediate Family:

Son of ? Horozco?, Andalusia
Brother of West France Nobility Horric; ? Orozco, (Spain) and ?? Horosco, (Flemish / French)

Managed by: Camiel Antoon Gubbels, (alias Gu...
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About ??? Horrocks (UK) ?????

latest findings suggest not a UK trail for our Horick, but we come more directly from the lowlands/Germany and earlier from Iberia/Spain. Also I have no close matches with the Horrocks surname DNA group. They all originate around Lancashire, and in combination with the story of ancient Horrocks already in the UK and the surname coming from Hurock (piece of ship). It makes more and more sense that we (Horicks) are not related at all to the UK Horrocks. The confusion starts when immigrants from UK go overseas (Canada / New Zealand / Australia) and their names are often written as Horricks instead of Horrocks.

The saga of the name Horricks/Horrocks follows a line reaching back through history to the days of the Anglo-Saxon tribes in Britain. It is a name for someone who worked as a shipwright or a sailor. The surname Horricks/Horrocks is derived from the Old English word horrok / hurrock / hurrack, which means part of a ship (between the sternmost seat and the stern) Occupational names frequently were derived from the principal object associated with the activity of the original bearer, such as tools or products. These types of occupational surnames are called metonymic surnames.

Ancient History
During the twilight of the Roman domination of the British Isles, fierce Saxon and Angle tribesmen marauded and migrated to the island as it was being deserted by the Roman legions. Descended from these tribesmen were the ancestors of the bearers of the Horricks family name. The culture of these Anglo-Saxons shaped England extensively.
During the Dark Ages men of the church were the keepers of the written word; surveys were compiled for the purpose of the king's taxes, births, deaths and marriages were recorded and land purchases were registered. Among these records are the Domesday Book, compiled in 1086, the Curia Regis Rolls, drawn up in the 11th century and many other documents. Evidence from these documents suggests that the name Horricks/Horrocks was first found in Lancashire where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

Early History
The Horricks/Horrocks family, which has descended from the Anglo-Saxon tribes, has a history that is intertwined with that of the Anglo-Saxons themselves. In the 5th century first the Saxons, and then the Angles, migrated to England and pushed the Britons into what is now Wales. They established the kingdoms of Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, Kent, Essex, Sussex and East Anglia. These rival kingdoms were united under Egbert, king of Wessex. Surviving periodic Viking invasions, the Anglo-Saxon culture continued to develop. In 994 a successful Danish invasion eventually led to the expulsion of the Anglo-Saxon king, Ethelred. Ethelred fled to Normandy, where his family remained until 1042. Up to this time a Danish dynasty of kings ruled, then Edward the Confessor, son of Ethelred, came to the throne. Upon the death of Edward in 1066, Harold Godwin was elected king, however, this choice was disputed by Duke William of Normandy. William led yet another invasion of England and its success brought the reign of the Norman kings. Despite the ever changing leadership the country remained predominantly Anglo-Saxon.
The first years of Norman rule were marked by rebellion and oppression. William sought to achieve political stability by increasing the central authority of the king. But not all reforms were tyrannical in nature; for instance, learning was greatly encouraged during William's reign. After the reigns of William and his sons, the disputes over succession ended when the Plantagenet dynasty was founded.

The Horricks/Horrocks family emerged at this time in Lancashire where they were recorded as a family of great antiquity seated with manor and estates in that shire. Robert Horrocks was Lord of the manor of Horrocksford Hall in the parish of Clitheroe in Lancashire. They later established branched in the same county at Preston and Larkhill. The name was early associated with the famous Lancashire cotton trade of which the Horrocks became magnates.

Early Notables
Distinguished members of the family at this time included Jeremiah Horrocks (1619-41) astronomer, born in Liverpool, who became curate of Hoole, Lancashire where he made his first observation of the transit of Venus on November 24, 1639. He then deduced the solar parallax, corrected the solar diameter and made tidal observations.

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