Hugh Calkins, Sr.

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Hugh Calkins, Sr.

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Chepstow, Monmouth, Wales
Death: Died in Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, United States
Place of Burial: Old Cemetary, Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut
Immediate Family:

Son of Rowland William Calkins and Ellen Calkins
Husband of ANN ROBERT and Ann Sarah Calkins
Father of Deborah Royce; Sarah Hough; Rebecca Calkins; John Calkins; David Calkins and 2 others
Brother of Elizabeth Calkins; William Calkins and Peter Calkins

Managed by: Patricia Norton Chong
Last Updated:

About Hugh Calkins, Sr.

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=34216123

http://gloversmith.blogspot.com/2013/08/connecticut-puritan-roots-of-daniel-dart.html

“Hugh Calkins was a radical, in religion a non-conformist, and living in the troublous times of Charles, the First, soon became satisfied that there were safer countires than England and Wales—for men who wished to worship God according to the dicatates of their own consciences. Accordingly, he with his wife, Ann, and John, their son, then four years old, joined a body of emigrants called the ‘Welch Conspany,’ and with their pastor, Rev. Richard Blinman, embarked and came to America, about 1638 or 1640. They settled first at Green’s Harbor (now Marshfield) in New Plymouth colony, but religious dissentions arising, Mr. Blinman, Hugh Calkins and others removed to Gloucester. Hugh Calkins became one of the first board of selectmen, and in 1650 was chosen deputy to the general court of Massachusetts Bay colony. He was chosen again in 1651, but for some reason he and others removed in that year to Connecticut colony, some say to Saybrook, but he could not have remained there long, as he was soon in New London. The Connecticut colonial records show that Hugh Calkins was deputy at the general court from New London, May 20 1652. In all, he served twelve times as deputy from New London. By order of the general court, held October 3, 1654, Hugh and another were appointed a committee for enlisting men to fight the Naragansett Indians. The records also show that he was a deputy magistrate. In 1660 he again changed his residence to the place where the city of Norwich now stands, then a wilderness and owned by the Mohegan Indians. Just previously a treaty had been concluded, by and between the celebrated major Mason and others with the Mohegan chiefs, by which a tract of land nine miles square around Norwich was ceded to the whites, for the sum of seventy pounds sterling. Hugh and his son, John, were of the thirty-five original proprietors. Hugh appears in the colonial records as a deputy from Norwich to the general court, ten times. He was an active worker there in all measures for the public good; and also at home constantly identified with public interests. He was a deacon in the first churcth built in Norwich.”39

Freeman 27 Dec 1642 in Gloucester, selectman 1643-48, rep. 1650-52. In New London, selectman, rep., and town clerk. In Norwich, first deacon, rep.2

Hugh was a Welchman who came to this country about 1640, stopped at Marshfield for a short season, then removed to Lynn, Mass., thence to New London about 1652, and finally to Norwich, Conn., about 1659.40


Christened on April 8, 1603.

He came with his wife and four children in Welch Colony under Rev. Richard Blinman in 1640 to Green Harbor Cape Ann Mass at the request of Gov. Winslow.

After 5 yers, finding the climate too bleak for farming the party moved to New London Conn.

He was made Freeman at Salem Mass Dec. 27-1642 and " " " " " Lynn " " " 1648

He was Representative to Mass court fro Glouchester 1650--1652 but left without finishing his term.

Deputy 12 times from New London to Conn Assembly May 1652 to 1660. And from Norwich CT to all Legislatures from Mar 1663 to 1671

Selectman at New London until he moved to Norwich

On war comm. New London May 1653 to Oct 1654

1st Deacon of Norwich Church

All of the towns where he lived, honored him with positions in public affairs--Comm. of consultation fortifying, drafting soldiers and surveying for which task he apparently had been trained for in England

( copied from manuscript by Mrs. John T. Barbrick {Leanora Lucille Calkin

s}) TRC

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:3326304&id=I672168305


Deacon Hugh Calkins. Born ca 1600 in prob. Chepstow, Monmouthshire. Hugh died in Jun 1690 in Norwich, CT.

“Hugh Calkins was a radical, in religion a non-conformist, and living in the troublous times of Charles, the First, soon became satisfied that there were safer countires than England and Wales—for men who wished to worship God according to the dicatates of their own consciences. Accordingly, he with his wife, Ann, and John, their son, then four years old, joined a body of emigrants called the ‘Welch Conspany,’ and with their pastor, Rev. Richard Blinman, embarked and came to America, about 1638 or 1640. They settled first at Green’s Harbor (now Marshfield) in New Plymouth colony, but religious dissentions arising, Mr. Blinman, Hugh Calkins and others removed to Gloucester. Hugh Calkins became one of the first board of selectmen, and in 1650 was chosen deputy to the general court of Massachusetts Bay colony. He was chosen again in 1651, but for some reason he and others removed in that year to Connecticut colony, some say to Saybrook, but he could not have remained there long, as he was soon in New London. The Connecticut colonial records show that Hugh Calkins was deputy at the general court from New London, May 20 1652. In all, he served twelve times as deputy from New London. By order of the general court, held October 3, 1654, Hugh and another were appointed a committee for enlisting men to fight the Naragansett Indians. The records also show that he was a deputy magistrate. In 1660 he again changed his residence to the place where the city of Norwich now stands, then a wilderness and owned by the Mohegan Indians. Just previously a treaty had been concluded, by and between the celebrated major Mason and others with the Mohegan chiefs, by which a tract of land nine miles square around Norwich was ceded to the whites, for the sum of seventy pounds sterling. Hugh and his son, John, were of the thirty-five original proprietors. Hugh appears in the colonial records as a deputy from Norwich to the general court, ten times. He was an active worker there in all measures for the public good; and also at home constantly identified with public interests. He was a deacon in the first churcth built in Norwich.”39

Freeman 27 Dec 1642 in Gloucester, selectman 1643-48, rep. 1650-52. In New London, selectman, rep., and town clerk. In Norwich, first deacon, rep.2

Hugh was a Welchman who came to this country about 1640, stopped at Marshfield for a short season, then removed to Lynn, Mass., thence to New London about 1652, and finally to Norwich, Conn., about 1659.40

In 1627 Hugh married Ann [Calkins] in England. Born ca 1605. Ann died in Jun 1688 in Norwich, CT.

Their children include:

933 i.  Sarah Calkins (31 Jul 1626-16 Oct 1683) 
934 ii.  Mary Calkins (ca 1629-23 Nov 1717) 
935 iii.  Rebecca Calkins (Died young) (-14 Jan 1651) 
936 iv.  John Calkins (ca 1634-8 Jan 1703) 
937 v.  David Calkins (3 Nov 1639-25 Nov 1717) 
938 vi.  Deborah Calkins (18 Mar 1645-25 Nov 1717) 

“Hugh Calkins (or Caulkins*) was one of a body of emigrants, called the Welsh Company, that came to New England in 1640, from Chepstow in Monmouthshire, on the border of Wales, with their minister, the Rev. Mr. Blinman. The larger portion of this company settled first at Marsh- field, but soon transferred their residence to Gloucester, upon the rough promontory of Cape Ann. From thence, after eight years of experiment, most of them removed to New London, hoping probably to find lands more arable and productive, and allured also by affectionate attachment to Mr. Blinman, whom Mr. Winthrop had invited to his plantation. “Hugh Calkins was, in 1650, deputy from Gloucester to the General Court of Massachusetts, and chosen again in 1651, but removing early in that year to New London, the vacancy was filled by another election. “While living at New London, he was chosen twelve times deputy to the Connecticut Assembly, (the elections being semi-annual.) and was one of the townsmen, or select-men, invariably, from 1652 till he removed to Norwich. “From Norwich he was deputy at ten sessions of the Legislature, between March, 1663, and October, 1671, and was one of the first deacons of the Norwich church. At each of the three towns in which he was an early settler and proprietor, he was largely employed in public business, being usually appointed one of committees for consultation, for fortifying, drafting soldiers, settling difficulties, and particularly for surveying lands and determining boundaries. These offices imply a considerable range of information, as well as activity and executive talent, yet he seems to have had no early education, uniformly making only a bold H for his signature. “In a deposition made in 1672, he stated that he was then 72 years of age. The year 1600 may therefore be taken as the date of his birth. Of his wife, we only know that her name was Ann. Six children have been traced, four of whom were probably born before the emigration to this country.” “Hugh Calkins was a radical, in religion a non-conformist, and living in the troublous times of Charles, the First, soon became satisfied that there were safer countires than England and Wales—for men who wished to worship God according to the dicatates of their own consciences. Accordingly, he with his wife, Ann, and John, their son, then four years old, joined a body of emigrants called the ‘Welch Conspany,’ and with their pastor, Rev. Richard Blinman, embarked and came to America, about 1638 or 1640. They settled first at Green’s Harbor (now Marshfield) in New Plymouth colony, but religious dissentions arising, Mr. Blinman, Hugh Calkins and others removed to Gloucester. Hugh Calkins became one of the first board of selectmen, and in 1650 was chosen deputy to the general court of Massachusetts Bay colony. He was chosen again in 1651, but for some reason he and others removed in that year to Connecticut colony, some say to Saybrook, but he could not have remained there long, as he was soon in New London. The Connecticut colonial records show that Hugh Calkins was deputy at the general court from New London, May 20 1652. In all, he served twelve times as deputy from New London. By order of the general court, held October 3, 1654, Hugh and another were appointed a committee for enlisting men to fight the Naragansett Indians. The records also show that he was a deputy magistrate. In 1660 he again changed his residence to the place where the city of Norwich now stands, then a wilderness and owned by the Mohegan Indians. Just previously a treaty had been concluded, by and between the celebrated major Mason and others with the Mohegan chiefs, by which a tract of land nine miles square around Norwich was ceded to the whites, for the sum of seventy pounds sterling. Hugh and his son, John, were of the thirty-five original proprietors. Hugh appears in the colonial records as a deputy from Norwich to the general court, ten times. He was an active worker there in all measures for the public good; and also at home constantly identified with public interests. He was a deacon in the first churcth built in Norwich.”

_____________________

Calkin(s) in America

There are many Calkin family members in America, most of whom have taken the spelling of "Calkins". Most of these are of the belief that they are descended from Hugh Calkin(s) of Chepstow. I have not yet been able to properly connect the Chepstow branch of the family with those you see on my currently published Calkin family tree, but we should acknowledge the aforementioned Chepstow branch and discuss the origins of the Calkins in America.

To this end I was pleased to receive a document from Ken Calkins of Golden, Colorado from which the following text was taken: Thank you Ken.

Origin of the Calkins Family in America

Note: The name is also spelled variously as Calkin, Caulkin, Caulkins, Corkins, Corkings, and numerous other forms. The spelling “Calkins” is used here only because that is the most common form in use in America. It is not suggested that this spelling is any more “correct” than any other.

Early researchers, such as Frances Manwaring Caulkins in about 1840, investigating the history of the Calkins family determined fairly readily that most members of the family were descended from a couple, Hugh and Ann Calkins, who had come to the New World with a group called the “Welsh Party”, also called the “Blynman Party” (or Blinman Party !). From papers left by the leader, Reverend Richard Blynman, it was clear that this group had left from Chepstow, Monmouthshire, on the southern border between England and Wales by the River Severn, primarily to escape the religious persecution that was common in England. The name of the ship that they sailed on is not known. One individual’s family records say it was the “Spotted Cow”, but this is unproven. Also, the date of their arrival in America is unknown. Dates as early as 1638 or as late as 1642 have been quoted by different writers, but later on in this text we will see that we can probably discount the first few years from that range. The first written record of the group is at Plymouth, Massachusetts, on 2nd March 1641. Most experts feel that that date was too early in the Spring to have arrived that year. Their most likely arrival time is late in the summer of 1640. Over the next ten years, members of the Party, including both Rev. Blynman and Hugh Calkins with his family, moved on to Green’s Harbor (now Marshfield) and Gloucester, Massachusetts, and then founded the city of New London, Connecticut.

It is known that some members of the “Welsh Party” had lived in Chepstow. With no other information about Hugh Calkins available, it was assumed by these early researchers that Hugh and his wife and children had also been “born” in Chepstow. Indeed, over the next hundred or more years, almost all family historians used the phrase “born in Chepstow” for Hugh and his family until it seemed to be accepted as fact. However, some began to question this point. A family genealogist of the Calkins, Helen Turney Sharps, visited Chepstow shortly after the Second World War to search the local records for any name similar to Calkins which might have been entered in the early 1600’s. She could find none. Other researchers, including the author of this text, also attempted without success to find some indication of a name similar to Calkins in Chepstow records. Such surnames were found at about that time in surrounding counties including Gloucestershire, Staffordshire, and Cheshire. The given name Hugh was not initially found, however.

It was not until the Church of the Latter-Day Saints began its massive worldwide effort to microfilm genealogy records that the opportunity came for the search for Hugh to be successful. In about 1997, Mr. Roy Edwards, a resident of Hayes, Middlesex, England, and the husband of a descendant of Hugh Calkins, received some information that spelling variations of the name had been found in some of the microfilms of records from the early 1600’s in Cheshire. Mr. Edwards obtained microfilm records of Parish Registers and Bishops Transcripts for the city of Chester and its suburbs, covering as many as he could of the years 1550 to 1650. Despite the normal problems associated with reading such records (torn pages, blurred ink, poor handwriting, missing years, etc.) Mr. Edwards found many references involving spelling variations of the name Calkins, and some which were clearly applied to the family of Hugh Calkins. Key entries were the following, all from the parish of Waverton, southeast of Chester:

   mar. 23 Jun 1597 Rowland Calken and Elen Payne
   chr. 8 Apr 1602 Hugh s. of Rowland Calkin
   chr. 6 May 1627 Sarah d. of Hugh Calkin
   chr. 27 Dec 1629 Mary d of Hugh Cawkin
   chr. 9 Nov 1631 Rebecca d of Hugh Calkin
   chr. 17 Apr 1639 Deborah d of Hugh Calkin
   bur. 4 Oct 1639 Deborah d of Hugh Calkin 

Deborah, the last child listed, was a previously unknown baby that died at a few months of age. Her death date provides a strong argument that the family could not have sailed to America before 1640. The other children were all known to be children of Hugh and Ann Calkins, and the dates of these christenings are within a few years after the birth years later calculated from their stated ages. It seems clearly established, therefore, that this Hugh is their father, and the son of Rowland and Elen (Payne) Calkins.

Unfortunately, no entries were found relating to the two sons of Hugh Calkins, John and David, nor to his marriage to anyone. These absences could be explained by missing years of the records. Also, no entries were found for the family name Eaton (or any spelling variation) which is often given for the surname of Hugh’s wife Ann. Incidentally, is it any coincidence that Eaton is the next village to Waverton to the east ?!

Numerous other Calkins entries were found in Waverton, and also in the nearby parishes of Christleton and Tattenhall. It was found that Rowland and Elen also had sons William Calkins (chr. 1601) and Peter Calkins (chr. 1605.). Other families were probably all related in some way, but relationships could not be discovered, nor could Rowland’s parents be determined.

In addition to the question of Hugh Calkins’ birthplace, several other family history traditions should be addressed. As alluded above, many family genealogies give the surname of Ann, wife of Hugh, to be Eaton, Easton, Eston, or similar spelling. To our knowledge, no proof of this has ever been discovered. For many years, the International Genealogical Index (IGI) has given the fathers of Hugh and Ann as William Calkins and Laurentine Eaton, respectively. Again, we know of no proof of either one.

Other traditions say that Hugh is descended in an “unbroken line” (if descended at all, the line would be unbroken, wouldn’t it?) from Sir John Calkin, a Magna Carta Baron, and also from Sir William Colkin, who founded a hospital in Canterbury. These statements might be true, but we know of no proof to back them up, so it is misleading to present them as facts.

Another inaccurate statement is that Hugh and Ann Calkins were the ancestors of all the Calkins, by any spelling, in the United States and Canada. Although they were certainly ancestors of a great majority of them, a few other immigrants by that name have been found - several from Ireland in the mid-1800’s - who also had descendants.

For further details of the life and activities of Hugh Calkins and his family in the first several decades in America, we recommend reading the introduction to “History of New London, Conn.” and “History of Norwich, Conn.” both by Frances Manwaring Caulkins.

If readers disagree with any of this presentation, or have additional facts to add, the author (Ken Calkins) would like to hear of them.

Ken Calkins. http://www.calkin.co.uk/origin_inthe_us.html

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Hugh Calkins, Sr.'s Timeline

1600
1600
Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales
1600
Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales
1600
Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales
1603
April 8, 1603
Chepstow, Monmouth, Wales
1626
July 31, 1626
Age 23
Chepstow, Monmouthshire, England
1631
November 9, 1631
Age 28
Chepstow, Monmouth, Eng.
1634
1634
Age 30
Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales
1639
November 3, 1639
Age 36
Glouchester, Essex, Ma
1640
1640
Age 36
Gloucester, Essex, MA