Ichabod Ashcraft

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Ichabod Ashcraft

Birthdate: (67)
Birthplace: Point Pleasant, Mason County, West Virginia, United States
Death: May 1, 1804 (67)
Uniontown, Fayette, Pennsylvania, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Daniel Ashcraft and Elizabeth Ashcraft
Husband of Sarah Elizabeth Ashcraft
Father of Daniel B Ashcraft; Jacob Ashcraft; Amos Ashcraft; Jediah Ashcraft and Hannah Colvin
Brother of Felix Ashcraft; Ephraim Ashcraft; Jacob Ashcraft; Jediah Ashcraft; Daniel Ashcraft and 6 others

Managed by: Judith "Judi" Elaine (McKee) Burns
Last Updated:

About Ichabod Ashcraft

A Patriot of the American Revolution for PENNSYLVANIA with the rank of Captain. DAR Ancestor # A003429

   vi. Ichabod Ashcraft; born c1737 probably in Bucks County, Pennsylvania and grew up in the Sleepy Creek area of Virginia; married Rachel ---(?)---, 1760 in either Pennsylvania or Virginia; died c.January 1804 Fayette County, Pennsylvania; will probated 14 March 1804 Fayette County, Pennsylvania (his son, Daniel, was appointed administrator by the court [Neal, Ashcraft Family, p. 25, 36, 39-41]. 

Ichabod was responsible for the establishment of Ashcraft's Fort on the line of the Cherokee Trail, in what is now Georges Township (then Springhill Township), Fayette County (then Westmoreland County), Pennsylvania -- about 10 miles south of Uniontown and not far from Smithfield. It was built on the land of the late Jesse Evans, located near Prospect Hill (aka Point Lookout). He had a survey made in 1769 at Buffalo Pastures and received a warrant for the land in 1770 -- but was that before or after the fort was built? Some sources say the fort was built before 1750, which seems unlikely. It was of typical blockhouse construction; the second story had loopholes and projected out over the base, and a stockade was attached. It was located near a spring. also said to be on a hill overlooking the Monongahela, very close to the Catawba Trail, which became "Braddock's Road" [James Veech, The Monongahela of Old; or, Historical Sketches of South-Western Pennsylvania to the Year 1800 (n.p.: n. pub., 1892; reprinted, Waynesburg, PA: Greene County Historical Society, 1971].

The list of settlers in what is now Fayette County in 1772, taken from the property assessment rolls of Bedford County, lists (under Springhill Township) the following: Ichabod Ashcraft, John Carr, John Carr Jr., & Moses Carr. Under "Inmates" (boarders or residents not heads of families) are included Richard & Ephraim Ashcraft.

NOTE: Springhill Township at that time included that part of what is now Fayette County east of Redstone Creek -- and probably included all of Greene & Washington Counties as well.

Ichabod probably took part in Dunmore's Expedition into the western country, near Coshocton, Ohio, in June 1774. He later showed an intimate knowledge of the area [Neal, Ashcraft Family, p. 36-37].

In 1775, he enlisted in the first Revolutionary company west of the Alleghenies (the second unit raised in Virginia). Michael Cresap, a friend of the Ashcrafts, raised a company of 130 frontier sharpshooters who fought as irregulars -- and marched 800 miles to Boston. [Neal, Ashcraft Family, p. 37].

Between 1778 and 1783, Ichabod served as a Ranger on the Virginia frontier, and also as a captain in the Westmoreland County Militia, Pennsylvania Line. [Neal, Ashcraft Family, p. 37, 42-43; Pennsylvania archives (Philadelphia: J. Severns & Co, 1852-56; Harrisburg, PA: C.M. Busch, State Printer, 1874-99?), vol. 4, p. 428. See also: War Record Certs # 8143 & 8145, specifying patriotic service.]

He was a dealer in salt (from the salt springs on the Kanawha River) and ginseng c1780 in Georges Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania [Neal, Ashcraft Family].

He appeared on all the tax lists between 1785 and 1799 in Georges Township. The assessment roll for 1787 includes: Ichabod Ashcraft [Jr.?], Daniel Ashcraft, Richard Ashcraft, Uriah Ashcraft, John Carr, Moses Carr, Thomas Carr, Elijah Carr, & Absolom Carr. [Ellis, History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania].

By family tradition, Ichabod was also at the Battle of Point Pleasant with his brother, Daniel, but this is also very unlikely.) He died intestate, and his son, also named Daniel, was appointed administrator by the court, 14 March 1804 Fayette County, Pennsylvania. [Neal, Ashcraft Family, p. 36.]

Approved into the church "by experience," was later accused of drunkenness, was denied communion, and finally dismissed from the congregation for drunkenness, abusive language, and fighting [Neal, Ashcraft Family, p. 39].


The marriages and dates given from what I see are being given and the documentation for them are just from general indexes that are based on family trees/and predigrees one such site proving this is -


in which is listed icahbod married Sarah elizabeth coleman Married Abt 1760 Sleepy Creek, Berkeley, West Virginia, USA [17,18,19,20]

and the sourcing is:

  • 16 - 18 - 19. [S35] International Genealogical Index (R), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Copyright (c) 1980, 2002), downloaded 6 Aug 2005 (Reliability: 3)
  • 17 - 20. [S42] World Family Tree European Origins Vol. E1, Ed. 1, Brøderbund Software, Inc., (Release date: September 15, 1997 Customer pedigree.), Tree #0284 (Reliability: 3)

Ashcraft, Ichabod m. 1760 ___, Rachel b. c. 1737 Berkly co., Va. d. c. 1821 Knox co., Oh. He d. c. 1804 Fayette co., Oh. Their children:

  • Ashcraft, Daniel b. 1761 Berkely co., Va.
  • Ashcraft, Ephraim b. 1763 Sleepy Creek, Md.; m. 25 Jan. 1754 Bourbon co., Ky. Ellis, Margaret d/o Philip and Mary (McFarland) Ellis; d. c. 1850 Bracken co., Ky. Had: Henry, William E., Rachel, Sarah/Sally and Elizabeth
  • Ashcraft, Jacob b. 1764 Sleppy Creek, Md.; m. after 1787 Ellis, Elizabeth b. 1772 d. 1838 Harrison co., Ky. d/o Philip and Mary (McFarland) Ellis; d. 18 Jun. 1824 Harrison co., Ky. Had: Uriah, Nimrod, William E., Andrew T., Elizabeth/Betsey, John, Rachel, Sarah A., Mary/Polly and James.
  • Ashcraft, Jediah b. c. 1766 Sleepy Creek, Frederick, Va.; m. ___, Sarah; d. 1820 Grant co., Ky.
  • Ashcraft, Rachel b. c. 1768 Fayette co., Pa.; m. Stewart, Jesse
  • Ashcraft, Sarah b. c. 1770 Fayette co., Pa; m. after 1787 Jackson, Gideon
  • Ashcraft, Elizabeth b. 1772; m. Coleman, Joseph
  • Ashcraft, Hannah b. 1775; m. Colvin, Thomas b. 1769 d. 21 Feb. 1841 Highland co., Oh. s/o James and Francis/Fanny (Salsbury) Colvin; d. 28 Jul. 1829 Highland co., Oh.; both buried there Colvin Chapman Cemetery
  • Ashcraft, Felix b. 1785; m. ___, Elizabeth; d. c. 1830
  • Ashcraft, Nimrod b. before 1786; m. ___, Sarah; d. 1 Jun. 1829

Martha Ashcraft Neal, Ashcraft Family Descendants of Daniel, The, 1994, Gateway Press Inc. Baltimore, Md., pg. 199-201, , Library of Congress # 94-77682.


Sarah Elizabeth Coleman is not listed as a wife - Listed is -

Rachael -  b. 1737 ,Berkley, Virginia d. 1821 , Knox, Ohio.
wilth information of  icahbod and Rachael as follows:

Mt. Moriah Baptist church (near the present day smithfield, Fayette, Pennsylvania) records show that Ichabod and Rachael Ashcraft were approved into the church by experience.

just nine months later, the church minutes, dated June 12, 1790, show an accusation made against Mr. Ichabod Ashcraft that he "drank to excess several times and in particular at a buriying on May 22 last. This left as stands to see if his future conduct will be better"

A number of drunkedness, abusive language, and fighting until, finally, in 1803, he was denied communion.

Rachael applied for a letter of dismission in September 9 , 1809 and it was granted.

Her goods and chattesl were appraised and sold bk. a 29 apr. 1822 sale of property bk. 38 file 30 vendue bill filed 29 Apr. 1822 record book 144.

Rachael - in this book is listed as the mother of all the children of Icahbod


Information being found online that lists all the children under - Sarah Elizabeth Coleman.

one such listing is at = http://boards.ancestry.netscape.com/surnames.ashcraft/


Another site gives two wives - Sarah Elizabeth Coleman and amd Rachael -


lists Rachael [-?-] as a Second wife of Ichabod and children being divided between the 2 wives

BUT in reading the info there IF Sarah Elizabeth died aft 1774 as stated there are several children by birth dates that are listed as belong to Rachael - that indeed should belong to Sarah Elizabeth which are:

  • 36 i. Ephraim Ashcraft, born 1763
  • 37 ii. Rachel Ashcraft, born 1768
  • 38 iii. Sarah Ashcraft, born 1770
  • 39 iv. Elizabeth Ashcraft, born 1772

with - being questionable as to whether a child of Sarah Elizabeth or Rachael is:

  • 40 v. Hannah Ashcraft, born 1775;

the list of childrean and as to which wife they belong to by this site is given as:

Ichabod Ashcraft (Daniel5, John4, John3, John2, Richard1, RichardA Ashcroft) was born 1737 in Sleepy Creek, Frederick, Maryland, and died 1804 in Geor.Twp., Fayette, Virginia. He married

  • (1) Sarah Eliza Coleman. She was born Abt. 1733 in , , Virginia, and died Aft. 1774 in U, , Pennsylvania. He married
  • (2) Rachel LNU 1760. She was born Abt. 1737 in , Berkrley, Virginia Terr, and died 1821 in , Knox, Ohio.

Children of Ichabod Ashcraft and Sarah Coleman are:

  • 33 i. Daniel7 Ashcraft, born 1761 in , Berkrley, Virginia Terr now WV; died 1846 in , Coshocton, Ohio. He married (1) Mary Steward Goodwin. He married (2) Elizabeth Catherine Schuman 29/Nov/1825.
  • 34 ii. Amos Ashcraft, born 1764 in Berkley,Virginia.
  • + 35 iii. Jediah Ashcraft, born 1766 in Sleepy Creek,Frederick , Maryland; died 1820 in , Grant, Kentucky.

Children of Ichabod Ashcraft and Rachel LNU are:

  • 36 i. Ephraim Ashcraft, born 1763 in Sleepy Creek, Frederick, Maryland. He married Margaret Ellis.
  • 37 ii. Rachel Ashcraft, born 1768 in , Fayette, Pennsylvania.
  • 38 iii. Sarah Ashcraft, born 1770 in , Fayette, Pennsylvania. She married Gideon Jackson Aft. 1787.
  • 39 iv. Elizabeth Ashcraft, born 1772. She married Joseph Coleman.
  • 40 v. Hannah Ashcraft, born 1775; died 28/Jul/1829 in ,Highland, Ohio. She married Thomas Colvin.
  • + 41 vi. Felix Ashcraft, born 1785 in , Fayette, PA; died 1830 in , Butler, Ohio.
  • 42 vii. Nimrod Ashcraft, born Bef. 1786; died 01/Jun/1829. He married Sarah Wynn.
view all

Ichabod Ashcraft's Timeline

Point Pleasant, Mason County, West Virginia, United States
Age 24
Berkley, VA, United States
Age 27
Sleepy creek,Berkeley, Virginia
Age 29
Age 38
Fayette County, Pennsylvania, United States
Age 49
May 1, 1804
Age 67
Uniontown, Fayette, Pennsylvania, United States