J. R. R. Tolkien

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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE

Also Known As: "JRRT", "TOLLERS", "JRR Tolkien"
Birthplace: Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa
Death: September 02, 1973 (81)
Bournemouth, Bournemouth Unitary Authority, Dorset, England (United Kingdom) (Bleeding ulcer, chest infection)
Place of Burial: Oxford, City of Oxford, Oxfordshire , England
Immediate Family:

Son of Arthur Reuel Tolkien and Mabel Tolkien
Husband of Edith Mary Tolkien
Father of John Francis Reuel Tolkien, Fr.; Michael Hilary Reuel Tolkien; Christopher John Reuel Tolkien and Priscilla Mary Anne Reuel Tolkien
Brother of Hilary Arthur Reuel Tolkien

Occupation: Scholar, writer
Managed by: Petr Bezrukov
Last Updated:

About J. R. R. Tolkien

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE FRSL was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion. He died 2 September 1973 (aged 81) Bournemouth, Hampshire, England.

Tolkien was born on 3 January 1892 in Bloemfontein in the Orange Free State (now Free State Province in South Africa) to Mabel (née Suffield) and Arthur Reuel Tolkien, an English bank manager. His parents left England when his father was promoted to head the Bloemfontein office of the British bank for which he worked. Tolkien had one sibling, his younger brother, Hilary Arthur Reuel, who was born on 17 February 1894.

At the age of three, Tolkien's father died of rheumatic fever, and his mother took he and his brother to live with her parents, John and Edith Jane Suffield, in Kings Heath, Birmingham. His maternal grandparents were Baptists and owned a shop in the city center.

The Suffield family had run various businesses out of the same building, called Lamb House, since the early 19th century. From 1812 Tolkien's great-great-grandfather William Suffield had a book and stationery shop there; from 1826 Tolkien's great-grandfather, also named John Suffield, had a drapery and hosiery business there.

In 1904, when Tolkien was 12, his mother, Mabel Tolkien, died of acute diabetes at Fern Cottage in Rednal, which she was then renting. Prior to her death, she had assigned the guardianship of her sons to Fr. Francis Xavier Morgan of the Birmingham Oratory, who was assigned to bring them up as good Catholics.

Tolkien married Edith Mary Bratt, whom he met at the age of 16, at St. Mary Immaculate Roman Catholic Church, Warwick, on 22 March 1916. The Tolkiens had four children:

Life Long member of their small group of close friends called themselves the T.C.B.S. (Tea Club and Barrovian Society, named after the Barrow Stores at King Edward’s, where the group often met)

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J. R. R. Tolkien's Timeline

January 3, 1892
Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa
January 31, 1892
Bloemfontein Cathedral, Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa
September 1900
- 1902
Age 8
King Edward's School, Birmingham, West Midlands, United Kingdom
Age 9
St. Philips, Birmingham, West Midlands, United Kingdom
September 1903
- 1908
Age 11
King Edward's School, Birmingham, West Midlands, United Kingdom
- 1910
Age 15
Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
December 17, 1910
Age 18
Exeter College, Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom