Jacob Bassevi, Baron von Treuenberg

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Jacob Bassevi, Baron von Treuenberg

Hebrew: יעקב Bassevi, Baron von Treuenberg
Birthdate: (64)
Birthplace: Verona, Verona, Veneto, Italy
Death: May 02, 1634 (64)
Mlada Boleslav-Jungbunzlau, Central Bohemia, Czech Republic
Place of Burial: Mlada Boleslav, Mladá Boleslav, Central Bohemia, Czech Republic
Immediate Family:

Son of Abraham Basch Bassevi and (No Name)
Husband of Kaudel; Hendel Geronim, 2nd wife and Pesl Katz
Father of Aharon Bassevi; Shmuel b. Jacob Bernstein; Ascher Bassevi; Bassevi; Nathan Schmieles and 6 others
Brother of Abraham Basch Bassevi; Samuel Basch; Bassevi (Basch) and Shmuel Bash

Occupation: Financier and court Jew
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Jacob Bassevi, Baron von Treuenberg

Jacob Bassevi From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jacob Bassevi von Treuenberg (1570, Verona – May 2, 1634, Jungbunzlau, Bohemia) was a Bohemian Court Jew and financier. He entered business early in life, ultimately became very wealthy, and stood in high favor with the emperors Rudolph II, Matthias, and Ferdinand II, to whom he frequently rendered financial assistance, particularly to Ferdinand, who needed large sums of money for the prosecution of the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648).

Bassevi, in recognition of his services, was raised to the nobility by Ferdinand, receiving the title von Treuenberg, and a coat of arms consisting of a two yellow Bohemian (two tailed) lions and 3 eight-pointed red stars in a bend argent (white diagonal band) on a field of black (Graetz appears to be mistaken about the "blue lion and eight stars", see references). Ferdinand also bestowed upon him the right "to engage in any business whatever, in any part of the empire, whether cities, towns, or market-places, in Prague and Vienna, and other places where Jews are allowed to reside or are not; to acquire property and to reside anywhere he pleases. His property in any form to be free from taxes, imposts, and duties; he is allowed to reside in the imperial quarters; and he is responsible to no tribunal, except that of the marshal of the court". Privileges were also granted to him by Rudolph and Matthias, all of them being hereditary. The supposition that he was minister of finance to Ferdinand is unfounded.[citation needed]

As a representative of the Jewish community, reference to Bassevi is first found in 1616. He always exerted his influence on behalf of the Jews of the empire and of Italy; and it was due to his efforts, combined with those of other Jewish capitalists, that the Hebrew quarter in Prague was protected by a military guard against the attacks of the soldiery after the decisive Battle of White Mountain, Bohemia, in 1620.

Bassevi was a warm friend of Rabbi Lipmann Heller, and befriended him during the latter's arrest (July 5, 1629) and dismissal from office (August 14, 1629); contributing from his own funds one-fifth of the fine of 12,000 imposed upon Heller. Bassevi was very charitable, and gave large sums for the support of the poor of Palestine.

On account of some trouble, the nature of which is not known, Bassevi in 1631 removed from Prague to Jičín, where he lived for a year.

[edit]References

Heinrich Grätz: Geschichte der Juden. Von den ältesten Zeiten bis zur Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Leipzig: Friese 1853-1876 (11 vols.). Reprint Directmedia Publications, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-89853-444-8 (1 CD-ROM). x. 40 et seq., 47 et seq.; Gerson Wolf: Die Juden unter Ferdinand II. Nach Aktenstücken in den Archiven der K. K. Ministerien des Innern u. Äussern. In: Jahrbuch für die Geschichte der Juden und des Judenthums, Institut zur Förderung der Israelitischen Literatur, Leipzig 1. Jg. (1860) p. 238-239. Johannes-Baptist Rietstap: Armorial général, précédé d'un dictionnaire des termes du blason. Gouda 1887, 2d ed. i. 128 (where Bassevi's title is given as "von Treuenfeld").

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain:  Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901–1906.

[edit]Article References

JewishEncyclopedia

Translation of JE article by DeepL: Heinrich Grätz: History of the Jews. From the oldest times to the middle of the 19th century. Leipzig: Friese 1853-1876 (11 vols.). Reprint Directmedia Publications, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-89853-444-8 (1 CD-ROM). x. 40 et seq., 47 et seq.Gerson Wolf: The Jews under Ferdinand II. According to documents in the archives of the K. K. Ministries of the Interior and Exteriors. In: Jahrbuch für die Geschichte der Juden und des Judenthums, Institut zur Förderung der Israelitischen Literatur, Leipzig 1. Jg. (1860) p. 238-239 John-Baptist Rietstap: Armorial général, précédé d' un dictionnaire des termes du blason. Gouda 1887,2d ed. i. 128 (where Bassevi's title is given as "von Treuenfeld").

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Jacob Bassevi, Baron von Treuenberg's Timeline

1570
1570
Verona, Verona, Veneto, Italy
1588
1588
Age 18
Prague, Bohemia, Czech
1588
Age 18
1589
1589
Age 19
1590
1590
Age 20
1590
Age 20
Prague, Bohemia, Czech
1593
1593
Age 23
Prague, Bohemia, Czech
1600
1600
Age 30
Prague, Bohemia, Czech
1605
1605
Age 35
Prague, Bohemia, Czech
1615
1615
Age 45