Hon. Capt. Jacob Crowninshield

Is your surname Crowninshield?

Research the Crowninshield family

Hon. Capt. Jacob Crowninshield's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Jacob Crowninshield

Birthdate: (38)
Birthplace: Salem, MA, USA
Death: April 15, 1808 (38)
Washington, DC, USA
Place of Burial: Salem, MA, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Captain George Crowninshield and Mary Crowninshield
Husband of Sarah Crowninshield
Father of Sarah Gardner Rogers; Jacob Crowninshield and Mary Endicott
Brother of Capt. George Crowninshield, Jr.; Richard Crowninshield; John Crowninshield; Edward Crowninshield; Benjamin Crowninshield, U.S. Secretary of the Navy and 1 other

Managed by: Douglas Arthur Kellner
Last Updated:

About Hon. Capt. Jacob Crowninshield

Jacob Crowninshield was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts and appointee to the position of U.S. Secretary of the Navy, which he never filled. His brother Benjamin Williams Crowninshield did successfully hold the post; the Crowninshield family in general was prominent in early American maritime affairs. His ancestor, Johan Casper Richter von Kronenscheldt, immigrated from Leipzig. He was the grandfather of Arent S. Crowninshield.

Born in Salem, Massachusetts, he was first a businessman. He was an unsuccessful candidate for election to Congress in 1798 (to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Dwight Foster) and then served in the Massachusetts State Senate in 1801.

He was tendered the position of U.S. Secretary of the Navy by President Thomas Jefferson, but never entered upon his duties on account of ill health.

He was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 8th, 9th and 10th Congresses and served from March 4, 1803, until his death in Washington, D.C., aged 38.

While in the House, in the 9th Congress, he was chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Commerce and Manufactures.

He is buried in Harmony Grove Cemetery in his hometown of Salem. In 1796, Hon. Jacob Crowninshield married Sarah Gardner, daughter of John (a direct descendant of an old planter) and Sarah (Derby - daughter of Richard (1712–1783)). Their daughter Sarah married the Salem merchant Richard Saltonstall Rogers. After Sarah's death, Rogers married in 1847 Elizabeth Leavitt Pickman, daughter of Salem merchant Dudley Leavitt Pickman.


view all

Hon. Capt. Jacob Crowninshield's Timeline

March 31, 1770
Salem, MA, USA
Age 29
Salem, Essex, MA, USA
October 7, 1801
Age 31
Age 33
April 15, 1808
Age 38
Washington, DC, USA
Salem, MA, USA