About Jacob Leever, SV/PROG
INLIGTING: Abraham Leever, SV/PROG se broer JACOB LEVER:-
1.Adrianus Lever 2. Abraham Lever 3.Jacob Lever 4.Apolonia Lever 5. Magtilda Lever 7.Cornelis Lever 1690 1692 1693 1696 1698 1703
a) Jacob Lever, Gebore 18 December 1693 te Amsterdam,x
1ST 1 Junie 1721 at Stellenbosch, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Abigail Louise van der Lith, dogter van Antonie van der Lith Antoinet Theodora Schagen; STAMVADER van die Van der Lith’s der Jeude in Suid-Afrika
x 2nd 11 August 1726
Jacomina Brommert dogter van Jan Brommert en Anna Dirksen van Schalkwijk
b) Sy Probleme:
A. Lever (Jacob): Junior merchant, and secretary of the Orphan Chamber–decease of–wife’s name:-Jacomina Brommert
B. Lever (Jacob): Member of the Civil and Marriage Board. (No. 143; date, 19th December.)
C. Lever (Jacob): Retires as Cape deacon. (No. 109; date, 17th December.)
D. Lever (Jacob): Assistant at the Castle. (No. 92.)
ii. MET SY VROU:-
As Leever and his wife were leaving Brommert’s house after having assaulted her, she threatened to lay a complaint with the fiscal. To this Leever replied: ‘you would not dare going there since one word from me would carry greater weight than ten of yours, seeing that he is a bosom friend of mine.’
Jacomina Brommert was the widow of Jacob Leever, the brother of Abraham. Jacob was the Secretary of the Orphan Chamber for many years. Upon his death in 1737 it was discovered that over the years he had defrauded the Orphan Chamber off121 742; J.L.M. Franken, ‘’n Kaapse Huishoue in die 18de Eeu: Uit Von Dessin se Briefboek en Memoriaal’,Archives Year Book for South AfricanHistory3/1 (1940), 37-38.
The VOC went to considerable pains to recover as much of this money from his estate (cf. the various cases concerning this issue in CA, C 1101, 58-70 and CJ 832-833), with the result that Jacomina Brommert was left destitute and in later years had to be supported by the Church’spoor fund; Mentzel,Description, vol. 1, 27-28.
Brommert (Jacomina) widow of the late Secretary of the Orphan Chamber, Jacob Lever. Court of Justice reports that the Orphan Chamber had instituted an action against her for f121742,14,6, the amount embezzled by her late husband; that she had been condemned to pay the same; that her estate, having been sold in execution, realised Rds. 32904.31, and that the Court had further decreed that the deficit hould be paid in from their own pockets by such of the Orphan Masters as were in office during the time Lever committed his defalcations, unless another fairer and more equitable course could be adopted; that accordingly those interested, submitted that the deficit (f50809,11,10) might be recovered by placing out at interest the sum of f80000, which had always been lying idle, and from which the amounts were drawn to pay those who came of age, or orphans when marrying, and that this interest should be used to make up gradually the deficit; the borrowers to undertake to return the Capital immediately, should any portion of it be suddenly required. Though the Court of Justice considered this a fair request, it did not consider itself justified in granting it, but believed the proper course to be to lay the matter before the Council. (No. 26; date, 6th October, 1739.)
In 1736 the baker Jan Bam sued Leever for overstepping the bounds of his office as an ensign of the militia when he gave him a spot fine during the 1736 Cape Town fire for having started up his oven. Bam claimed that Leever charged at him ‘als een brieschende leeuw’ with his ‘brutaliteijten’; CA, CJ 1049, 235.
Hesselink, ‘in de Schaduw van de Tafelberg’, 60 characterises Leever ‘als een eigenzinnig en koppig persoon, die niets en niemand uit de weg ging om zijn doel te bereiken.’
‘Hij is een schelm dat Godt en de heele weerelt weet, daar staat hij voor te boek, en ik zal them in zijn oogen doen druijpen, spaar Godt mij’t leeven’
v. ONERSKATTING VAN DIE REG EN STRAF:
Leever had served several years as an official in the VOC before becoming a free burgher, which is certainly betrayed by the excellent command of VOC officialese he used in his defence. The documents for this case are in CA, CJ 353, 254-345.
The fiscal at this time was Baron Pieter van Reede van Oudtshoorn, a rich nobleman who was to become a future governor of the Cape.
It is highly plausible that Leever would have had friendly relations with him – they certainly had a great deal of official business with on another. Although the fiscal denied this in his eijsch(the plaintiff’s plea).
But what is revealing about this statement is that Leever thought his position in Cape society, and his influence with the authorities, was of such a nature that he could receive special treatment. This belief in his own superior importance in the world of mid-eighteenth century Cape Town is revealed by what Leever wrote in his defence. Leever was particularly upset and hurt by the very strict punishment the fiscal demanded in his conclusie(the plaintiff’s recommendation of punishment): a fine of one thousand rixdollars and that Leever be declared een onwaardig burger(‘an unworthy citizen’)and be banished from the Cape
vi. Koopmans-de Wet House
Koopmans-de Wet House is a former residence and current museum in Strand Street, Cape Town, South Africa. The house became part of the South African Museum in 1913 and was opened to the public on 10 March 1914. It was declared a National Monument under National Monuments Council legislation on 1 November 1940. It is the oldest house museum in South Africa.
For two centuries Strand Street was home to the residences of citizens of the Cape Colony. The first house was occupied on 8 February 1664 by the baker Thomas Christoffel Mulder. Another resident was the wealthy butcher Henning Huysing, who built one of the first two-storeyed houses in the Cape Colony in the street. The Dutch East India Company granted erven (plots) to these employees, who would later play important roles as citizens of the colony. Huysing became a Vryburgher (or Vrijburgher) on 2 January 1684, a status in which an employee of the VOC was released from their contractual obligations to the company and permitted to farm, become a tradesman, or work for others. Ironically, Huysing would be instrumental in getting Willem Adriaan van der Stel, the Governor of the Cape Colony, recalled on charges of corruption
The early dwelling, now substantially extended and altered, was built in 1701 by Reijnier Smedinga, silversmith, goldsmith, jeweller and joint assayer to the Dutch East India Company. In 1722, Anthonij Hoesemans, lessee of a Company's wine license, took ownership of the house and erf 8. His enjoyment of the property was brief, for in 1723 the minutes of the Council of Policy at the Cape of Good Hope begin to refer to Claas van Donselaar, a soldier who had been released from his contract on 4 May 1723, as the lessee of the wine license. Both Hoesemans and his wife, Rijkje van Donselaar, had died earlier that year. Claas van Donselaar was uncle to Rijkje van Donselaar and was made executor of the estate, along with Daniel Thibault and Jan Smit. The property was transferred to Jacob Leever in 1724, to Hendrik van Aarde in 1730, and from him to Willem Pool (c.1744)-Wikipedia-Ingestuur Ds. MG Müller
Jacob Leever, SV/PROG's Timeline
Amsterdam, Government of Amsterdam, North Holland, The Netherlands
November 17, 1723
Suid Afrika, Kaap
Kaapstad, Suid Afrika, Kaap