Jacob Stutzman, IV

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Johann Jakob Stutzman, IV

Also Known As: "Jacob"
Birthplace: Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Death: 1813 (75-76)
Clark County, Indiana, United States
Place of Burial: Marysville, Clark County, Indiana, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Johann Jakob Stutzman, III and Hannah Stutzman
Husband of Barbara Stutzman
Father of Anna Harmon and Jacob Stutzman, V
Half brother of Christian Steck Stutzman, Sr. and David Martin Stutzman

Managed by: Private User
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About Jacob Stutzman, IV

m. 1753 to Barbara Yoder, at Rowan Co., NC, USA

He is an immigrant ancestor who arrived in Philadelphia aboard the "Nancy" captained by John Ewing on 27 September 1752. They sailed from Rotterdam to Philadelphia by way of Cowes.

In 1752, a family named Stutzman left the lower Neckar Valley of Germany. This is an area near Stuttgart, from which the family appears to have derived their name. This family consisted of the father, mother, a sixteen year old son and an unknown number of younger children. During the voyage on a ship named Nancy, the father of the family died and was buried at sea. When the ship arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the family was denied entrance because there was no male family head, and a female could not act in the capacity of head of household. Jacob, the oldest son was a serious sixteen year old, dedicated to becoming a minister of the Dunker congregation (also know as German Baptists and one of the sects now in the Church of the Brethren). Jacob was allowed to then sign as the head of the family. In 1753 the young minister married a girl named Barbara Yoder. The Dunkers refused to take an oath, respond to court orders and some other seemingly senseless customs. When the American Revolution began Jacob followed his conscience and refused to ally himself with the colonists, even though he and his family had been given the hospitality of this new land and had enjoyed the safety denied to them in the native Germany.

He may have been in Bern Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania prior to 1757 when he was settled in Coventry Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. By late 1759, Jacob had 60 acres on the Meadow branch of Great Pipe Creek in Frederick (now Carroll) County, Maryland.

In early October of 1764 he sold out in Maryland and moved to North Carolina. He settled on the forks of the Uwharrie River in Rowan (now Randolph) County, North Carolina and started the Ewarry Congregation of The Brethren. Within 10 years he had a congregation of 19 families. During the American Revolution, the number of families increased by two or three fold due to refugees from Pennsylvania.

He advocated the doctrine of "universal salvation" and introduced it for consideration at an Annual Dunkard meeting in 1799. For this belief, he was excommunicated in 1799 and on appeal, in 1800. He sold out in North Carolina and moved to Washington Township, Clark County, Indiana after 1801. The Olive Branch Brethren congregation was organized in 1802 and their meetinghouse (built in 1821) and cemetery were across the road from his homestead. He was the minister for this congregation.

Jacob Stutzman of Uwharrie, accompanied at least by his sons Jacob Jr. and John, took up land in Brothers Valley Township, Bedford (now Somerset) County, Pennsylvania, in 1784. Elder Stutzman did not stay in Pennsylvania.

In the 1790 Federal Census for Pennsylvania, Jacob Stutzman (Jr.), John Stutzman, and brothers-in-law Philip Harmon and Thomas Hutchinson were enumerated in the same cluster of heads of households in Bedford County. In the 1790 Federal Census for North Carolina (taken in early 1791), Hutchinson and Harmon were back south in time for enumeration there also. Shortly thereafter, both Jacob Jr. and John returned to Carolina also. John to stay until he moved to Indiana in 1803, Jacob to recruit his younger brothers David and Samuel for Pennsylvania settlement.

What occurred during the ensuing few years is still vague because Jacob Stutzman Sr., his sons, and his sons-in-law spent the 1790s in acquiring land in both North Carolina and Pennsylvania. By 1798, the family group held approximately 6000 acres in both states. In Pennsylvania, Jacob Jr., Samuel, and David all married Bergey sisters, then sold out in 1798 and moved west where all three were on the Henry County, Kentucky, tax rolls of 1800.

Certainly with the presence or connections of the Carolina Stutzmans with the Hostetlers, Yoders, and Bergeys, all of whom were rooted in the Bern Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania, Amish settlement, the southern Indiana Stutesmans had to have had Amish roots.

When Stutzman moved north in 1801-1802, he. gathered up his sons in Henry County, Kentucky, for they joined him in purchasing a tract in the Illinois Grant on March 22, 1802 and all four were sued when they failed to make payments as agreed. Youngest son Joseph died shortly upon arrival. Sons John and Daniel remained in North Carolina until the Fall of 1803 when they both moved to the Illinois Grant. With the exception of son-in-law Jacob Hoover. son of Andrew Hoover Sr., who succeeded his father as the miller at the Forks of Uwharrie and was one of the wealthiest men in Randolph County, all of Stutzman's children and in-laws had moved to southern Indiana or northern Kentucky by 1812. After Jacob Hoover's death in 1821, his widow (Stutzman's daughter Elizabeth) moved to Boone County, Indiana, where she died in 1840.

The public records of-pioneer Dark County, Indiana Territory, 1802-1816, are full of the Stootsmin Statesman presence. All of the Elder's sons were active in public and court affairs. If they were not being sued, they were suing someone. They sat on both grand and petit juries, and at least two of them participated in death verdicts. There was some public washings of dirty linen as family members filed suits and cross-suits over who had called whom a "hog thief." They still scrupled, however, against bearing arms. They did not participate in militia musters or the War of 1812 although the Pigeon Roost Massacre was virtually on their doorstep.

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Jacob Stutzman, IV's Timeline

Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Chester County, Pennsylvania
Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States
Age 76
Clark County, Indiana, United States
Age 76
Marysville, Clark County, Indiana, United States