Jacquemine des Prez, b5 SM

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Jacquemine des Prez, b5 SM

Afrikaans: Jacomina de Prees, b5 SM
Also Known As: "Jaquemine de Pres", "Jaquemine de Pret", "Jakomijn des Pre", "Jacomina de Prees", "Jacqùemine de Prèe"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Lille, Flandre, France
Death: Died in Drakenstein
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Hercules des Prez, SV/PROG and Cecilia d'Atis, SM/PROG
Wife of Abraham Vivier, SV/PROG
Mother of Abraham Vivier, b1; Elisabeth Vivier, b2; Maria Van der Vyver; Hercules Vivier, b4; Cecilia (Maria) van Kerken, b5 SM and 5 others
Sister of Elisabeth des Prez, b1 SM; Hercule des Prez, b2; Marie-Jeanne des Prez, b4 SM; François-Jean des Prez, b4; Maxmilianus Dezpretz and 1 other

Managed by: Pieter Sarel du Preez
Last Updated:

About Jacquemine des Prez, b5 SM

alternate spellings first name: Jacquemine / Jacquemina Alternate birth dates: 1666, 1670, 1679

MHC Du Preez, p16, The Du Preez Family of South Africa

The fifth child, Jacquemine, born ca. 1679 apparently at Menin, France, north of Lille, married Abraham Vivier and thus became the maternal ancestor of all the Viviers in South Africa. They lived on the farm “Schoongezicht” at the present-day Daljosafat between Paarl and Wellington. Jacquemine was only about 35 years old when she died in 1715. By that time her husband and his two unmarried brothers were already deceased. She inherited from all three of them. After Jacquemine’s death her children were cared for by her sister, Marie Jeanne, who also had to deal with the disgrace in the family when Jacquemine’s daughter, Elisabeth, in 1717 gave birth to an illegitimate child fathered by Charl du Plessis. Charl was the husband of Cecilia van Marseveen, who happened to be Elisabeth’s cousin. With the kind of Calvinistic “piety” of that time Elisabeth was forced to give the name of the father while she was in labour. (She probably at first refused to say who he was and by doing so hoped to spare her cousin the embarrassment.)

On 31 January 1717 on page 46 of the Drakenstein baptism register it was recorded in thick black ink so as to warn future sinners who might contemplate similar deeds and with the brand of Calvinism of that time: “Elisabeth, daughter of Elisabeth Vivier and Charl du Plessis, who is a married man and on account of this, a child of fornication and adultery” [Original Dutch: " Elisabeth Doghter van Elisabeth Vievier en Charel Duplici die een getrouwt man is en uyt dien hoofde een kint van hoerery en overspel"].

The name of this unfortunate girl who had been so slandered by this semi-literate church scribe and who apparently was brought up by the Du Plessis family, ended up on her mother’s death notice as “du Plaisir” — from pleasure — instead of Du Plessis. (Would it be possible that someone’s vindictiveness extended to punishing Elisabeth Vivier even in death?). This girl, born illegitimately on 24 November 1716, was only 13 years old when her mother died on 22 August 1730.

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Des Prez in Boucher

North-west of Ath is Courtrai in Flanders, a town on the Lys associated with the Des Prez family which reached the Cape on the Schelde in 1688. Courtrai was held by the French between 1668 and 1678. ..The Des Prez party consisted of Hercule des Prez, born about the year 1645, his wife Cecile (Cecilia) Datis, some five years his junior, and six children: Hercule, Elisabeth, Jacquemine (Jacomina), Marie-Jeanne, Philippe and Francois-Jean. The place of origin of the Des Prez family is uncertain, but Athis southwest of Mons may provide a clue to the earliest beginnings of the Datis family. Later generations would certainly not have remained confined to the village from which they presumably took their name and it is interesting to find in the church registers of Oostburg in the United Provinces a reference in 1748 to the marriage there of a Marie-Catherine Dathee (sic) from the Saint-Quentin generality of Picardy.

It is, however, certain that the Des Prez family was living in the Courtrai district when the town was a French possession. The daughter Elisabeth was baptized in the Sint-Maartens church there on August 31, 1670, with Charles Loridon and Ludovica (Louise) Pittens as godparents. In the same church on July 4, 1677 Francois-Jean was christened, taking the name of his godfather Francois Loridon. The godmother on that occasion was Jeanne, or Johanna van Neste, of a family well represented in the local church registers. It is probable that, as with other French-speaking settlers from Flanders, the Des Prez party was at home in the Flemish language.

The family must also have lived at some time in Bethune in the province of Artois, since it is known that Marie-Jeanne des Prez was born there. If the date of her birth, 1675, is correct, this would indicate a temporary move there from Courtrai. It is possible that Philippe des Prez was also born in Bethune, as he gave the name Artois to his farm in the Land van Waveren. On the other hand, this could be taken to indicate that the Des Prez family had its origins in that province. It is also evident that Hercule des Prez and his wife were once resident in Lille, where Jacquemine was born. Graham Botha gives Courtrai as the birthplace of both Hercule des Prez and his son of the same name, but no confirmation of this has been discovered.

Hercule des Prez and his family were at Flushing in Zeeland by 1686, together with his wife’s brother Nicolas Datis. On August 29 of that year the two men applied to the municipal authorities to join the Sint- Jans guild of tailors without payment of the usual charges. The request points to the necessity of guild membership for obtaining remunerative employment as an artisan, as well as to the financial difficulties in which so many refugee families found themselves. It also provides evidence of the trade followed by the Cape settler, an occupation in keeping with his background in the textile centres of the north-east. The Flushing authorities were prepared to accept the applicants as paying members and to admit them to citizenship when they had taken the required oath.

The refuge in Flushing enabled Hercule des Prez and his wife to practise openly the Calvinist faith and on February 11, 1688, eight days before they sailed with their children on the Schelde, they were given an attestation of membership by the minister and elders of the Walloon church in Flushing. They had, in the words of the document, “fait ouverte profession de la Religion Reformee, et vescu avec edification au milieu de nous, frequentant les sainctes assemblies et participant au Sacrement de la saincte Cene du Seigneur”. The attestation was signed by the pastor Andre Lombard and, in the name of his colleagues, by the church elder Daniel de Groot.

… The voyage to the Cape on the Schelde brought the Des Prez and Prevost families close. Elisabeth des Prez stood godmother at the shipboard baptism of Jacob Prevost, with the ship’s captain as godfather; Philippe des Prez was later to marry Charles Prevost’s daughter Elisabeth.

  • Boucher.M (1981). French speakers at the Cape: The European Background. Pretoria, UNISA. CHAPTER NINE Cape settlers V: from Flanders to Alsace on the turbulent frontier pp269-271
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Jacquemine des Prez, b5 SM's Timeline

1679
1679
Lille, Flandre, France
1688
February 19, 1688
Age 9
Courtrai, Flanders
1696
1696
Age 17
1698
February 12, 1698
Age 19
Drakenstein, Cape of Good Hopre
1700
August 22, 1700
Age 21
Caap de Goede Hoop, Suid Afrika
1701
1701
Age 22
1703
1703
Age 24
1704
1704
Age 25
1706
1706
Age 27
Swellendam, Cape, South Africa