Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force

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Jacques Nompar de Caumont

Birthdate: (93)
Birthplace: La Force, Aquitaine, France
Death: May 10, 1652 (93)
Immediate Family:

Son of François, vicomte de Caumont and Philippa de Beaupoil, dame de La Force
Husband of Charlotte de Gontaut Biron; Anne de Mornay and Isabelle de Clermont d'Amboise, dame de Gallerande
Father of Armand-Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force; Henri Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force; Pierre de Caumont, baron d'Eymet and Jacqueline de Caumont la Force
Brother of Armand de Caumont
Half brother of Diane de Vivonne, dite La Chataigneraye

Occupation: Jacques Nompar de Caumont, 1er duc de La Force
Managed by: George J. Homs
Last Updated:

About Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force


Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force (French pronunciation: [ʒak nɔ̃paːʁ də komɔ̃ dyk də la fɔʁs]) (30 October 1558 – 10 May 1652) was a marshal of France and peer of France.

He was born in La Force, the son of Francois de Caumont and Philippes de Beaupoil.

He survived the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre (1572), but his father and older brother Armand were killed. He served Henri IV. He was governor of Béarn (1593) and governor of Navarre. After the death of Henri (1610), he plotted with Henri de Rohan, before submitting to Louis XIII.

He had a house in the Rue du Roi de Sicile in Paris, which was transformed to La Force Prison in 1780.

During the reign of Louis XIII, he was made a marshal of France on 27 May 1622.

He campaigned in Piedmont, took Saluzzo in 1630, defeated the Spaniards at Carignano (1630) and lifted the siege of Casale.

Between 1631 and 1634 he invaded Lorraine, and took La Mothe after a siege of 141 days in which Turenne first distinguished himself and La Force's grandson Jacques was killed. He also took Philippsburg and made the general Colloredo prisoner.

n 1635 Marshall of France Urbain de Maillé-Bréze conquered Heidelberg also Speyer, together, Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force, at the head of the Army of Germany.

In 1638 he besieged Saint-Omer in Flanders, but was defeated by Louis Thomas of Savoy-Carignan. It was his last battle.

He died in Bergerac.


He married on 5 February 1577, Charlotte de Gontaut, daughter of marshal Armand de Gontaut, baron de Biron

Children :

Armand-Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force (c. 1580-1675), peer and marshal of France. His daughter Charlotte married Turenne, but died in 1666 without children.

Henri-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force (1582–1678), his daughter Charlotte married in 1630 de Gabriel de Caumont, comte de Lauzun, and were parents of Antoine Nompar de Caumont, Duc de Lauzun

Jacques, seigneur de Maduran, killed during the siege of Jülich in 1610

Charles, seigneur de Maduran.
Pierre, baron d'Aymet.
Jean, seigneur de Montpouillan.
Jean-Jacob, marquis de Tonneins
François de Caumont La Force, whose daughter was: Charlotte-Rose de Caumont La Force or Mademoiselle de La Force (1654–1724)



Anne, born in 1583, married Jacques de Nouhes de la Tabarière in 1603 (she was widowed in 1632, and married Jacques Nompar de Caumont, Duc de La Force, in 1643). http://siefar.org/dictionnaire/en/Charlotte_Arbaleste

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Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force's Timeline

October 30, 1558
La Force, Aquitaine, France
October 30, 1580
Age 22
Age 23
May 10, 1652
Age 93