Jacques Therond, SV/PROG

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Jacques Therond, SV/PROG

Also Known As: "Jacques Theron"
Birthdate: (71)
Birthplace: Nîmes, Languedoc, France
Death: Died in Suid Afrika
Immediate Family:

Son of Jacques Therond and Elizabeth Isabeau Therond
Husband of Marie-Jeanne des Prez, b4 SM
Father of Marie Theron, b1; Jacques Theron; Elisabeth Theron; Pierre Theron, b4; Jean Theron, b5 and 2 others
Brother of Moyze / Moses Therond

Occupation: Boer, Hy was die heemraadslid vir Drakenstein tot 1713 waarna hy bedank het en verhuis het na die Land van Waveren - huidiglik Tulbagh.
Managed by: Lorriane Mariana Pretorius
Last Updated:

About Jacques Therond, SV/PROG

Jacques Therond ( now spelled Theron) came to SA on board the "Oosterland" as a soldier in 1688.

He became a free "burgher" on 31 May 1688.

He was the owner of the farm "Languerdoc, Heemraad.


Geslagregister van Vroeë Kaapse families - C C de Villiers

Groot Familie Naamboek - Cor Pama


Transcribed from PROCEEDINGS OF THE HUGUENOT SOCIETY OF LONDON, Volume 5, No. 1-4, 1894-1896, Printed by Charles T. King, High Street, Lymington, 1898 NOTES ON HUGUENOT FAMILIES AT THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE BY THE LATE C. C. DE VILLIERS, ESQ. (From Copy Presented by W. J. C. Moens, Esq., F.S.A.), pp. 222-250 http://www.genealogyworld.net/ellen/NotesonHuguenotFamilies.htm

THEROND, Jacques, in Distribution list 1690, and among Drakenstein Burghers 1692. There is a copy of a letter in the Grey Library from Jacques THEROND, dated 2nd April 1719, from Nimes the capital of Languedoc, and addressed to his son Jacques Therond the refugee. The farm owned by the latter at the Cape was called ‘Languedoc.’ Jacques THEROND, the refugee, married Marie Janne DES PREEZ. First child born 1698. Where the wife’s name is given in the Drakenstein Baptismal entries it is written ‘DE PRE’ or DE PRET,’ according to Theal. Numerous descendants still living, writing their name now simply ‘THERON’ without the ‘d.’

Jacques Therond, Van Nimes, Languedoc, Frankryk.

Kom in Kaap aan in 1688 op die skip Oosterland (soldaat). Eienaar van Plaas Languedoc


Jacques THERON


Family Links  


Marie Jeanne DES PRES (DU PREEZ)

Maria (DP 990) Marie (DP 971) THERON+

Jacques THERON 1

Born: Nîmes, Languedoc, Frankryk.

Marriage: Marie Jeanne DES PRES (DU PREEZ) 1697

Died: 2 Dec 1739, Drakenstein

 General Notes: 

Aankoms 1688 op die skip "Oosterlandt". Soldaat, burger 31 Mei 1688, eienaar van die plaas "Languedoc". Heemraad.

Arrival 1688 on the "Oosterlandt". Soldier, burger 31 May 1688, owner of the farm "Languedoc". Heemraad.

Jacques married Marie Jeanne DES PRES (DU PREEZ) in 1697. (Marie Jeanne DES PRES (DU PREEZ) was born in Béthune..)



1 C. C. de Villiers, hersien deur, revised by, C. Parma, p. 971.


The Oosterlandt left Middelburg on the 29th January, 1688,

and reached Table Bay on the 26th April, 1688, after a

most successful voyage of two months and ten days.^ She

was a much larger built ship than the Voorschooten, measuring

one hundred and sixty feet. She brought out twenty-four

Refugees.' One of them was Jacques de Savoye of Aeth,

a wealthy merchant. Jean Prier du Plessis of Poitiers, who

had practised as a surgeon, and Isaac Taillefert of Chateau

Thierry, a hatmaker, were also on board ; they all brought

out their wives and children

Jacques of Nismes. Laiiguedoc, arrived in the

Oosterlandt in 1688 as a soldier in the Company's

service ; on 31st May, 1688, he became a free

burgher. He married Marie Jeanne des Pres

of Bethune, q.v., daughter of the Refugee

Hercule des Pres, and died 2nd December, 1739,

aged 71 years 6 months. Jacques Theron was

a member of the Court of Landdrost and Heem-

raden, and owned the farm Languedoc.



Jean Imbert, together with his friend Jacques Theron, arrived in the Cape as Huguenot refugees in 1688. Both came from the south of France, not far from the historic city of Montpellier , the birthplace of Jean according to some sources. It is therefore not surprising that Jean Imbert called his farm Montpellier, when the 50 morgen of fertile alluvial land was granted to him in 1714 by the then governor of the Cape, Maurits Pasques de Chavonnes. His friend Jacques Theron was granted the neighboring farm Le Rhône. In those early years, the farm was used exclusively for grazing cattle. The first vineyard was planted soon after a homestead was build by Jean and Jacques Theron, working together. This first vineyard, together with a fruit-tree orchard, was meant for domestic usage. Only in the late 1890's the first commercial vineyards was laid out on the farm.

Since the death of Jean Imbert in 1723, Montpellier had for a time many owners. In 1778 it was acquired by Jan Theron, a descendant of Jacques Theron. It later passed out of the Theron family's hands, but was reacquired in the 1880's by three Theron brothers, Hendrik, Jan and Gawie. The farm stayed in the Theron family for the next 100 years

(source: http://www.montpellier.co.za/about.htm)

Nicola Sophie Theron related in her Memoirs that: Jacques Therond came from Nismus in Lanquedoc, France. He frled from France on account of his religion. He first went to Holland and from there to Middleburg, South Africa. He sailed in the ship Oosterlandt, one of a convoy of three ships which left on 20th January 1688 and arrived at the Cape of Good Hope on 26th April 1699. This was the arrival of the first Hugenots.

Jacques was in the military service of the East India Company. On 21st May (year unknown) he was made a free citizen (vrye burger) at Klein Drakenstein. He married Marie Jeanne des Press (now du Preez). She was from Bethune in France and a daughter of Herculas du Preez and Cecilia D'Calis.

He died 2nd December 1739 on his farm Lanquedoc at the age of 70 years. They had 7 children. He was a Landdrost (member of the Heemraads Hof) as they called it in those days. He was also a steward in the Church of Drakenstein.

He arrived in the Cape on the ship Oosterland'. He was a farmer and owned the farms Langedoc and le Rhone in the Stellenbosch district.


The Huguenot Heritage. The story of the Huguenots at the Cape by Lynne BRYER and Francois THERON. Chameleon Press. 1987. ISBN 0 620 11390 1

Page 35

3 Oosterland

160 feet

Sailed from Middelburg 29 January 1688

Arrived Table Bay 26 April 1688

THEROND, Jacques (Languedoc)

(Sailed as a soldier on the ship)


Added by Y. DROST, 6 NOV 2015


Theronds in Boucher

Also apparently from Nimes was the Cape burgher Jacques Therond, who reached the Cape as a soldier aboard the Oosterland in 1688. No certain information has been learned about his departure from France or his arrival in the United Provinces, but he must have been in Middel- burg prior to embarkation. A merchant Jacques Therond from Montpellier settled in Amsterdam in 1687and there was a Calvinist of that name at Boisseron, between Montpellier and Nimes, before the revocation. He not only farmed there, but also traded in oil and other merchandise out of Frontignan to Messina in Sicily.There may be a family connection here, although the name Therond is frequently encountered in the region. Another possible reference to the Cape settler in the Netherlands appears in the records of the ’s-Hertogenbosch church, where a Jacob Touron (sic), a soldier in the Walloon regiment, brought an attestation from Saint-Antonin, presumably the Calvinist centre of that name north-east of Montauban This is at a considerable distance from Nimes, but the entry does not entirely rule out the possibility that we are dealing here with the Cape refugee, despite the variation in names.

We do, however, have some knowledge of the Cape Theronds and their background from a manuscript account drawn up by Pieter Francois Theron in 1827, a descendant who has rightly been described by A.M. Hugo as the first Afrikaner genealogist.116 This document not only contains material on the colonial branch of the family, but also the Dutch translation of a letter written at Nimes on April 2, 1719 by Jacques Therond’s father. Although the original has not come to light, there can be no doubt about the authenticity of this communication. Franken has suggested that the date may have been incorrectly transcribed, but he misinterprets the evidence on which he bases this assumption. A remark in the letter about the outbreak of war between France and Spain does in fact accord with the contemporary political situation. The reference is to the brief struggle to curb Alberoni’s expansionist policies, fruit of a new Anglo-French understanding which emerged after the close of the long Spanish succession struggle.

There are other details in the letter which lend credibility to its contents: family history and the evident advanced age of Jacques’s father; the fact that another son was living in the Prescheurs suburb, easily identifiable from a map of the period; comment on the private devotions of Calvinists; the mention of galley-slaves; a probable reference to the former Protestant centre of Calvisson, where worship was banned in August 1685 and the great temple demolished after the revocation, to rise again in modern times on the same site.12" If, as seems likely, it is this place-name which is disguised by a faulty spelling, there is no reason to accept Franken’s suggestion that the Theronds might have had aristocratic connections. Finally there is the Fisquet who brought news to Languedoc of the Theronds in exile at the Cape. Is this not perhaps Jean Fisquet of the Cevennes, a corporal in the service of the Dutch East India Company there in 1715?

The contents of this letter enable us to make a cautious evaluation of the Therond entries in Protestant registers at Nimes and Calvisson. Jacques Therond had a brother Moise and an uncle of the same name; another uncle was Pierre. There were also nephews Moise and Daniel. Jacques’s father was spending his declining years in Daniel's house, where the letter was written. However, the abundance of Theronds in the Nimes and Calvisson registers, the incomplete nature of the entries and the existence of other temples in the neighbourhood of Nimes where family details might have been recorded make positive identification difficult. Moreover we are confronted by other problems. Pieter Francois Theron has indicated that Jacques’s father was also named Jacques. If this is so the extant registers at Nimes and Calvisson reveal little. Secondly we have it on record that Jacques Therond of the Cape was born in mid-May 1668. This cannot be confirmed from the baptismal entries at Nimes.

Nevertheless a tentative approach to the Therond relationships will at least serve to place the family in social context. A preliminary remark will not be out of place at this stage. Botha was aware that two forms of surnames sometimes existed among Cape settlers from France, but he did not appreciate the significance of the variations. In the seventeenth century it was customary in the southern regions of France to add a feminine suffix to the surnames of women and girls. Thus Therond became Theronde, Imbert, Imberte and Vidau, Vidalle. Other examples from the Calvinist registers of Languedoc and Provence include Rey and the feminine Reyne, Soulier and Souliere, Roux and Rousse, Martin and Martine, and Jourdan and Jourdanne, or even Jo(u)rdanesse.

The closest entry of the birth of a Jacques Therond in the baptismal registers of Nimes was made exactly a year before the date recorded at the Cape, namely on May 18, 1667. This was the child of a travalheur Sauvaire Therond and his wife Isabeau Contesse, whose marriage had taken place on October 22, 1663. Sauvaire (Saviour) is a Christian name of local usage. The child was presented at baptism by a silk- mercer Jean Martin, acting for his son Jacques. It seems possible that Sauvaire Therond was the son of Jacques Therond, whose wife Marie Imberte died in January 1676.This would bring the Theronds and the Imberts, represented at the Cape, into a close relationship.

Here is a family in which the Christian names Moise, Pierre and Daniel are to be found and one moreover with a clear link with Calvisson. On April 27, 1659 Moise Therond of Nimes married Marie Vidalle of Calvisson. They settled in the wife’s birthplace, where a son Sauvaire was born to them in June 1670.Members of the Therond family were mainly agricultural workers and artisans, although there was a Jean Therond practising medicine in Calvisson. A Pierre Therond, possibly the brother of Sauvaire Therond of Nimes, was a shoemaker, but of sufficient standing in local society to be chosen as consul, or municipal officer. Another Moise Therond was married to Isabeau Massipe. Like Sauvaire a labourer, he and his wife chose as godfather to their daughter Sara in 1685 a gardener Pierre Martin, another link perhaps with the godfather of 1667. A son Daniel was born to this couple in March 1683. Further investigation of contemporary documents, particularly in the legal field, will doubtless reveal more about these involved family relationships, but much suggests that we are at least dealing with the family of the Cape settler.

A Jacques Therond, son of a father of the same name, has, however, been identified elsewhere and again we have a connection with the Martins of Languedoc. The child’s date of birth is close to that recorded at the Cape, but not sufficiently so to make identification certain. This Jacques Therond was born on January 16, 1669 and was christened at Uzes, within easy reach of Nimes to the north. His father was a merchant, married to Jeanne Martine. It is possible that the Theronds were not natives of Uzes, where the name is of rare occurrence. Was this family then related to the Theronds of Nimes and Calvisson? . ..A connection between Theronds and Martins has already been noted and it is not beyond the bounds of possibility that Jacques Therond and Antoine Martin were related.

• M. Boucher (1981). French speakers at the Cape: The European Background. Pretoria, UNISA: Ch 6: Cape settlers II: from the Rhone to the Atlantic p152 -6



Voortrekkerstamouers 1835 - 1845 deur Jan C. VISAGIE (Afrikaans). Protea Uitgewers, Pretoria, 2011. Tweede uitgawe, derde druk 2011. ISBN 978-1-86919-372-0.

Bladsy 496 - 497

THERON, Thomas Francois - b4c7d1e4 neem deel aan die Groot Trek met sy broer Jacobus Arnoldus e7 en sy 2 seuns Hendrik Schalk f3 en Petrus Jacobus f4. Hulle het hulle in die Winburg distrik gevestig.

Bygevoeg deur Y. DROST, 6 JAN 2017


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Jacques Therond, SV/PROG's Timeline

May 15, 1668
Nîmes, Languedoc, France
Age 18
Nimes, Languedoc, France
January 29, 1688
Age 19
Delftshaven, Netherlands
August 7, 1698
Age 30
Caap de Goede Hoop, Suid Afrika
July 7, 1699
Age 31
Paarl, Breede River DC, Western Cape, South Africa
June 7, 1705
Age 37
Paarl, Drakenstein, Caap de Goede Hoop, Suid Afrika