|Death:||Died in Břeclav (Lundenburg), South Moravia|
Son of Juda (Juda Abraham) Ditz and Maria (Frumet) Ditz
|Managed by:||Debra Lavender|
About Jakob Ditz
Source for Jakob Ditz being a son of Juda Abraham / Juda Ditz of Lundenburg?
The name of Jakob Ditz's son [?], Josef Löbl Ditz, appears on Hodonín birth record of Abraham Weller, May 1, 1819: Pathen. Abraham's mother was Katharina Ditz (1784-1832), who was married to Jakob Weller. She was "familiantentochter geboren Lundenburg" (Břeclav).
Břeclav is 50km SE of Brno. The earliest record of the Jewish community of Břeclav dates from 1414, although the community may have existed since the founding of the town in the 11th century. In the 16th century the community was large enough to have a temple. In 1572 Yehuda ben Bezalel Löw-Liva was chairman of the synod of Moravian rabbis in Břeclav. As in other Moravian cities, in 1574 the Jews of Břeclav suffered a brutal pogrom until Kaiser Maximillian II took them under his protection.
The war years of 1605, 1619-1622 and 1643 hit the Jews of Břeclav particularly hard because the town itself became a battleground. On 28 June 1605 the troops of the Hungarian Prince Bocskay plundered the town. At the beginning of the 30-years war the castle and the town were burned to the ground by the Kaiser's troops. The town was afflicted by the Turks and the Tatars. In 1638 the town had just 20 Jewish inhabitants in 6 houses. The invasion by the Swedes on 3 May 1643 and the following plague caused many deaths. The temple and cemetery were destroyed and the community practically annihilated.
In 1651 a second group of Jewish inhabitants came to the town from Feldsberg, Austria (now Valtice, Moravia) with the permission of Prince Karl Eusebius Liechtenstein and his wife Johanna Beatrix. The temple was rebuilt in 1672. In 1697, as the men assembled outside the synagogue in the bitter cold for the evening prayers and waited for the temple servant who was late bringing the key, the roof fell in. To commemorate the miracle, the day 11 Tebet became a holiday and fast day in Břeclav.
In 1702, 30 Jewish families lived in 12 houses in Břeclav. By decree of 24 October 1726, the number of Jewish families was limited to 66. During the war of succession between Empress Maria Theresia and the Prussian King Friedrich II, on 25 March 1742 the town burned to the ground as a result of a smoking accident by a careless Hussar soldier.
In 1787 the Jews of Břeclav were required to take family names. A document dated 29 September 1787 shows the old and new names of 61 families. (It is reproduced in Hugo Gold's 1929 book.) The names taken include: Sternfeld, Kuffner, Schwitzer, Stern, Brum, Fischer, Neubach, Singer, Mai, Altbach, Volk, Weiss, Neumann, Rosenbaum, Klinger, Ditz, Bohrer, Grünbaum, Reich, Künstler, Fränk, Sulzer, Stein, Heiliger, Mallowan, Hoffmann, Haas, Zechner, Reiner, Gröger, Glück, Zeilinger, Petersel, Bittner, Schwoner, Lang, Goldschmidt, Blau, Weinberger, Goldreich, Morgenstern, Stöhr, Weiss, Nascher and Schlesinger.
In 1797 there were 325 Jews in Břeclav; 363 in 1830; 434 in 1848; 457 in 1857; 532 in 1869; 649 in 1879; 740 in 1890; 759 in 1900. --http://www.jewishgen.org/AustriaCzech/TOWNS/breclav.htm
From a later generation: Moritz Grünbaum, Familiant in Leipnik, Brantweinpächter in Alttitschein 66 m. Katharina Tochter des + David Löbel Stiastny in Göding. Kinder: Susanna 06.05.1832, Jonas 29.08.1833, Heinrich 27.12.1835 m. Maria, Tochter des Joseph Löbl Ditz, Seifensiedermeisters in Lundenburg, Eva 01.01.1838. (George Vladar Collection, archive.org).
See Breclav (Lundenburg) Familiant list: http://new.badatelna.eu/fond/2098/reprodukce/?zaznamId=401719&reproId=593986