Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States

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James Earl Carter, Jr.

Also Known As: "Jimmy"
Current Location:: Plains, Sumter County, Georgia, United States
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Plains, Sumter County, Georgia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of James Earl Carter, Sr. and Bessie Lillian Carter
Husband of Rosalynn Carter, 36th First Lady of the United States
Father of Jack Carter; Chip Carter; Donnel Jeffrey “Jeff” Carter; Jeffrey Carter and Amy Lynn Kelly
Brother of Gloria Spann Hardy; Ruth Stapleton; William Alton (Billy) Carter; Private and Private
Half brother of Private

Occupation: United States President & Peanut Farmer, United States President, Governor of Georgia, Georgia State Senator, Peanut farmer, 39th President of the United States, 39th President of US (1977-1981), President, President of the United States
Managed by: Jacqueli Charlene Finley
Last Updated:

About Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States

Jimmy Carter is an American former politician who served as the 39th president of the United States from 1977 to 1981. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the 76th governor of Georgia from 1971 to 1975 and as a Georgia state senator from 1963 to 1967. Since leaving office, Carter has remained engaged in political and social projects, receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002 for his humanitarian work.

Born and raised in Plains, Georgia, Carter graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1946 with a Bachelor of Science degree and joined the United States Navy, serving on numerous submarines. After the death of his father in 1953, he left his naval career and returned home to Plains, where he assumed control of his family's peanut-growing business. He inherited comparatively little due to his father's forgiveness of debts and the division of the estate amongst himself and his siblings. Nevertheless, his ambition to expand and grow the family's peanut farm was fulfilled. During this period, Carter was encouraged to oppose racial segregation and support the growing civil rights movement. He became an activist within the Democratic Party. From 1963 to 1967, Carter served in the Georgia State Senate, and in 1970 was elected as the governor of Georgia, defeating former Governor Carl Sanders in the Democratic primary. He remained as governor until 1975. Despite being a dark-horse candidate who was generally unknown outside of Georgia, he won the 1976 Democratic presidential nomination. In the 1976 presidential election, Carter ran as an outsider and narrowly defeated incumbent Republican president Gerald Ford.

On his second day in office, Carter pardoned all Vietnam War draft evaders by issuing Proclamation 4483. During his term, two new cabinet-level departments—the Department of Energy and the Department of Education—were established. He created a national energy policy that included conservation, price control, and new technology. Carter pursued the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaties, and the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT II). On the economic front he confronted stagflation, a persistent combination of high inflation, high unemployment and slow growth. The end of his presidential tenure was marked by the 1979–1981 Iran hostage crisis, the 1979 energy crisis, the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the Nicaraguan Revolution and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. In response to the invasion, Carter escalated the Cold War when he ended détente, imposed a grain embargo against the Soviets, enunciated the Carter Doctrine, and led a 1980 Summer Olympics boycott in Moscow. He is the only president to have served a full term in office and not have appointed a justice to the Supreme Court. In the 1980 Democratic party presidential primaries, he was challenged by Senator Ted Kennedy, but won re-nomination at the 1980 Democratic National Convention. Carter lost the 1980 presidential election in an electoral landslide to Republican nominee Ronald Reagan. Polls of historians and political scientists generally rank Carter as a below-average president. His post-presidential activities have been viewed more favorably than his presidency.

In 1982, Carter established the Carter Center to promote and expand human rights. In 2002, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in co-founding the center. He has traveled extensively to conduct peace negotiations, monitor elections, and advance disease prevention and eradication in developing nations. Carter is considered a key figure in the charity Habitat for Humanity. He has written over 30 books, ranging from political memoirs to poetry, while continuing to actively comment on ongoing American and global affairs, including the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. At 97 years old and with a 41-year-long retirement, Carter is both the oldest living and longest lived president, as well as the one with the longest post-presidency, and his 75-year-long marriage makes him the longest married president. He is also the fifth-oldest living person to have served as a state leader. (Wikipedia, CC BY-SA)

Sources

  • Argetsinger, Amy and Roxanne Roberts. "For Fred Thompson, That Elvis Edge." Washington Post, published 21 September 2007. < link > Accessed 9 May 2022.
  • "Jimmy Carter." Wikipedia, revision of 9 May 2022. < link > Accessed 9 May 2022.
  • "Jimmy Carter Genealogical Information." Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Museum. < link > Accessed 9 May 2022.
  • Suggs, Ernie. "Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter talk about what 75 years of love accomplishes." Atlanta Journal-Constitution, published 4 July 2021. < link > Accessed 9 May 2022.
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Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States's Timeline

1924
October 1, 1924
Plains, Sumter County, Georgia, United States
1947
July 3, 1947
Portsmouth, Virginia, United States
1950
April 12, 1950
Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States
1952
August 18, 1952
New London, New London County, Connecticut, United States
1967
October 19, 1967
Plains, GA, United States