Capt. James Leonard, Jr.

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Capt. James Leonard, Jr.

Birthdate: (83)
Birthplace: Bilston, West Midlands, England
Death: November 1, 1726 (79-87)
Taunton, Bristol County, Massachusetts
Place of Burial: Taunton, Bristol, Massachusetts
Immediate Family:

Son of James Leonard, of Taunton and Mary Leonard
Husband of Hannah Leonard; Lydia Leonard and Rebecca Leonard
Father of Eunice Burt; Prudence Lewis; Hannah Crane; James Leonard, III; Lydia Alden Britton and 10 others
Brother of Major Thomas Leonard; Abigail Leonard Kingsley; Joseph Leonard; John Leonard; Rebecca Chapman and 6 others
Half brother of Benjamin Leonard

Occupation: iron master
Managed by: Günther Kipp
Last Updated:

About Capt. James Leonard, Jr.

James 2 son of James 1 Leonard was born about 1643 in Great Britain and died at Taunton Massachusetts November 1 1726. He was interested in iron works and resided early in life at Braintree later at Taunton where the iron works have continued down to the present time and were in his day the greatest industry in New England in which many people held shares. There was a saying current in those times Wherever you can find an iron works you will find a Leonard. His first wife Hannah died February 25 1674 and he married second Lydia daughter of Anthony Gulliver of Milton Massachusetts born 1652/53 died July 24 1705. His third wife Rebecca born about 1662 died April 3 1738 in her seventy sixth year. (Cutter, New England Families, page 389)


w/first wife Hannah ----- (NOT Hannah Stone, wife of his son James):

  1. Eunice born November 25 1668 in Braintree
  2. Prudence January 24 1670
  3. Hannah October 2 1671

w/second wife, Lydia Guliver:

  1. James February 1 1673 died 1674
  2. David May 11 1677
  3. Lydia May 10 1679
  4. Stephen mentioned below
  5. Abigail January 30 1683
  6. Nathaniel October 18 1675
  7. Seth April 3 1686
  8. Sarah September 6 1688
  9. Mehitable October 24 1691
  10. Elizabeth April 19 1694

His widow, Rebecca, survived him. He was also married to Lydia Guliver, daughter of Anthony Guliver, who died before him. Rebecca was the widow of Benjamin Williams of Taunton.

He was buried in Neck 'o Land Cemetery, Taunton, MA. According to ECL, "the second son of James Leonard was probably born in England; there is not much about him in the public records. What is found is in the records of his brother Thomas. He learned the ironmasters trade but for the fact that his first four children were born in Braintree, we assume that he was at the Braintree works until about1671.

One source, CD157 Early New York Families, p. 435, has him as the son of Richard Leonard, born in 1643 and dying 1 Nov 1736.

He was given the west hearth of Raynham Forge by his father about 1675.We are led to believe that James worked at the Raynham Forge as long as he worked in iron. He was Surveyor of Highways in 1669 and 1678, on the Grand Jury in 1680 and 1685, a constable in 1686, a Selectman in 1689,1690, 1691 to 1696, 1697, 1703, 1705, and 1706. He is styled Lt. in1706, 1708, and 1710." See ECL, pp. 35ff.

He was thrifty. He owned a sawmill with his brother Thomas, which he gave to his son Seth in 1712. He aided his son James in the purchase of his uncle Uriah's interest in the Whittinton Forge in 1699. He placed his son Stephen as master workman at the West Hearth in Raynham Ironworks.

He built the house of 7 gables in Raynham which remained in the family until 1840.

He died in his 84th year. Will of James Leonard of Taunton, "being aged and under bodily weakness," dtd. March 4, 1725/6, prob. 13 April 1726/7.Wife Rebecca. Sons: James (eldest), Stephen and Seth Leonard. 3 daughters by my first wife: Unis, Prudence, and Hannah Crane who married John Crane of Dighton, dcd. Other daughters: Lydia Brettin, Sarah Hodges, Elizabeth Hall, Abigail Dean dcd. and Darkis Leonard. "My late father-in-law Anthoney Culiver" and my late wife Lydia dcd. Grandson Zephaniah Leonard. Granddaughter Abigail Dean and other children (not named) of my daughter Abigail Dean dcd. My brothers Thomas Leonard and Uriah Leonard. My indentured servant Patriarch Robinson and Abigail Robinson. Sons James and Seth Leonard as execs. Witnesses: Seth Williams, Timothy Jones, and Samuel Leonard, Jr. (5:399/400/1/2/3). Who was Darkis (Dorcas?) Leonard? A Dorcas White married his son, Seth.


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Capt. James Leonard, Jr.'s Timeline

Bilston, West Midlands, England
November 25, 1668
Age 25
Braintree, Suffolk County (Present Norfolk County), Massachusetts Bay Colony, (Present USA)
January 24, 1670
Age 27
Braintree, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
October 2, 1672
Age 29
Taunton, Bristol, Massachusetts, USA
February 1, 1673
Age 30
Taunton, Bristol, Massachusetts, USA
May 11, 1677
Age 34
Taunton, Plymouth Colony
March 10, 1678
Age 35
Taunton, Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States
December 14, 1680
Age 37
Taunton, Bristol, Massachusetts, USA
January 30, 1682
Age 39
Taunton, Bristol County, Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts)