Is your surname Logan?

Research the Logan family

James Logan's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Related Projects

James Logan

Birthplace: Lurgan, Craigavon, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Death: Died in Pennsylvania, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Reverend Patrick Logan and Isabelle Logan
Husband of Sarah Read Logan
Father of William Logan; Hannah Smith; Sarah Norris and James Logan
Brother of William Logan and Father of Jane (Logan) Mckee Logan

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About James Logan

James Logan (October 20, 1674 – October 31, 1751), a statesman and scholar, was born in Lurgan, County Armagh, Ireland, of Scottish descent and Quaker parentage. In 1689, the Logan family moved to Bristol, England where, in 1693, James replaced his father as schoolmaster. In 1699, he came to the colony of Pennsylvania aboard the Canterbury as William Penn's secretary.

Later, he supported proprietary rights in Pennsylvania. After advancing through several political offices, including commissioner of property (1701), receiver general (1703), clerk (1701), and member (1703) of the provincial council, he was elected Mayor of Philadelphia in 1722. During his tenure as mayor, Logan allowed Irish Catholic immigrants to participate in the city's first public Mass. He later served as the colony's chief justice from 1731 to 1739, and in the absence of a governor of Pennsylvania, became acting governor from 1736 to 1738.

He opposed Quaker pacifism and war tax resistance, and encouraged pacifist Quakers to give up their seats in the Pennsylvania Assembly so that it could make war requisitions.

Meanwhile, he engaged in various mercantile pursuits, especially fur trading, with such success that he became one of the wealthiest men in the colonies. He collected a personal library of over 3,000 volumes. He wrote numerous scholarly papers published by the American Philosophical Society and European journals.

Logan was also a natural scientist whose primary contribution to the emerging field of botany was a treatise that described experiments on the impregnation of plant seeds, especially corn. He tutored John Bartram, the American botanist, in Latin and introduced him to Linnaeus. He was also a mentor of Benjamin Franklin, who published Logan's translation of Cicero's essay "Cato Maior de Senectute".

Logan died in 1751 and was buried at the site of Arch Street Friends Meeting House (built in 1804).

In Philadelphia, the Logan neighborhood and the landmark Logan Square are named for him. His 1730 estate "Stenton" (now a National Historic Landmark, operated as a museum) is located in Logan area.

The Loganian Library

James Logan, who was known by his peers as “the best Judge of Books in these parts,” donated his private collection of over 3,000 books to the Loganian Library, which, in 1792, was incorporated into the Library Company of Philadelphia.

On December 9, 1714, Logan married Sarah Read Smith, the daughter of Charles and Amy Child Read. James and Sarah became the parents of Sarah (1715-1744), William (1718-1776), Hannah (1719/20-1761), and James (1728-1803). Three other children, James, Rachel and Charles, died as children. Sarah Read Smith Logan died on May 17, 1754, and James Logan died in late 1751 at the age of 77 in his country home, Stenton, which he built in Germantown, Pennsylvania.,+elizabeth+montgomery&source=bl&ots=RBsLO8vE9I&sig=K8kBckQvSbfzqGBIVVf0oP7RdBI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiz7tD6pZXSAhUm94MKHV2ACl4Q6AEIRTAL#v=onepage&q=patrick%20hume%2C%20elizabeth%20montgomery&f=false

view all

James Logan's Timeline

October 20, 1674
Lurgan, Craigavon, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Age 40
July 14, 1718
Age 43
Germantown, PA
Age 45
Age 53
Orange County, Virginia, United States
October 31, 1751
Age 77
Pennsylvania, United States