James T. MOONEY, Sr.

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James T. MOONEY, Sr.

Also Known As: "Jesse Major"
Birthplace: Tyron (Now Polk), NC, USA
Death: Died in Baxter, Drew, Arkansas, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Hans Jacob Muni, Jr.; Hans Jacob MAUNEY, II and Catherine Catrina Eaker
Husband of Henrietta Parnell
Father of Sarah MOONEY (MAUNEY); Jacob Parnell MOONEY; John W MOONEY; Joseph MOONEY; Boy Infant MOONEY and 10 others

Managed by: Mary Evelyn FEHLER
Last Updated:

About James T. MOONEY, Sr.

Name: James T Mooney 1 2 Sex: M ALIA: /Mauney/ Birth: ABT 1759 in Tryon (now Lincoln) County, North Carolina 1 2 Death: 1842 in Baxter County, Arkansas 1 2 Burial: Whiteville, Baxter County, Arkansas 1 2 Note: [Richard66ABCD.FTW] [hjk49.ged]

James Mooney received a state grant for 200 acres 1/4/1793. On Nov. 4, 1803 he sold this land to his brother Daniel/James Mooney was listed on the Rutherford County, North Carolina, 1810 census, James had seven sons and three daughters born between 1784-1810. James Mooney was the youngest son of Jacob Mooney. He was born in North Carolina, married Retta Parnell there, they lived in McMinnville, Warren County, Tennessee, and he came into North Arkansas in the early 1800's shortly after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.

He opened a trading post and ferry on White River near Cotter, Arkansas, served in the War of 1812, in the Battle of New Orleans, and probably died about 1840. According to family legend he is buried at the Whiteville Cemetery, Whiteville, Baxter County, Arkansas.

James first came into North Arkansas about 1811 on a flatboat he and a cousin named McDonald brought up White River filled with supplies, and was accompanied by a group of Melungeons - dark, swarthy, black-haired people who claimed to be Portuguese and who were living in the Appalachians near the border of North Carolina and Tennessee when the first White men came there.

He settled in a broad valley above what is now Cotter, Arkansas, and established a trading post. The next year he and McDonald returned to Tennessee for more supplies, leaving the Melungeons in charge of the farm and trading post, planning to return in the spring.

They got caught up in the War of 1812, rode with Andrew Jackson to New Orleans, and James was commissioned an ensign in the 29th Regiment of the Tennessee State Militia on 22 Mar 1813. He was promoted to lieutenant and served three more years.

McDonald got killed shortly before the Battle of New Orleans, and James had such a close call he got religion and joined the Concord Baptist Church on 28 Dec. 1816. In 1820, nine years after he had left, James decided to move to Arkansas but his wife refused, but moved to Greene County, Missouri, where she died in 1850. James returned to Arkansas alone with a household that consisted of a former slave and his Indian wife and one of the Melungeons and his Indian wife and children moved to Arkansas.

They stopped at the Wolf House in what is now Norfork, Arkansas, at the mouth of the Norford River where it empties into White River, where by contract James sold each of the slaves to themselves. They settled on the "Bye Mooney Place" (probably owned by his brother Tobias Mooney) near Wildcat Shoals and Whiteville.

Family legend has it that when James returned to Mooney's Ferry in 1820, the Melungeons he had left behind were still there operating the farm and trading post. One of them had earned a reputation for distilling fine whiskey. James operated the farm, ferry, and trading post until the 1830's when his son Jesse came into Arkansas and took over. James' Melungeon, Indian, and ex-slave companions move westward into Indian Territory when the Indian tribes were relocated there on the Trail of Tears. The site of James' trading post is marked with a plaque erected by the University of Arkansas James was buried on his property, and when the Whiteville Baptist Church was organized in 1891 on part of that property, James' grave and the graves of Melungeons were left outside the Whiteville Cemetery fence because James had "lived with the coloreds." Family legend has it that James' was called "01 Jake," and his grave is haunted by a bluish-green will-c-the-wisp light. His descendant, Mary Ann Messick, located the site of his grave in 1999 and marked it with a tombstone saying "James Jacob Mooney."

Sources The Baxter Bulletin, Mountain Home, Baxter County, Arkansas, November 9, 1999, "James Mooney Remembered For Valor" by Mary Ann Messick," Submitted by Eugene F. Mooney

Other Research Notes on James Mooney, Sr. Submitted by Darline Chadwick Smith used by permission;

1790 Rutherford County N.C. Census, reveals James as the only son at home, age under 16, with his father and 2 females

1800 Rutherford County, North Carolina Census, list James head of household with wife, both age 16-25, 2 sons and 1 daughter under 10.

1810 Rutherford County, North Carolina Census, list James head of household: males - 4 under 10, 2 (10-15), and himself (26-44); females- 2 under 10, 1 (10-15), and his wife (26-44)

1820 Warren County, Tenn. Census, James is head of household; males - 4 under 10, 2 (10-15), 2 (16-18), 2 (16-25), and himself (45 and over); females - 2 (10-15), and wife (26-44)

1830 Warren County, Tenn. Census, James is still head of household; males - 3 (10-!4), 1 (15-19) and himself (50-59), females, 1 (15-19), 1- (5-9), and his wife (50-59)


SOURCE: Book, Ancestors and Descendants of Reuben Webb Pickett Mooney by Darline Chadwick Smith (Mrs Charles A.) Second Edition 1979

James Mooney, Sr., son of immigrant Jacob Mooney, was born about 1775 in Tryon County, which became Lincoln County, NC, in 1779. He was married about 1796 and his wife is believed to be Retta Parnell, probably a daughter of Edward Parnell listed in 1790 Rowan County, NC, Census which shows him head of household with wife, 4 sons under 16 and 1 daughter. It was not until June of 1976 that I found a Retta Mooney living near some of her family in Texas County, Mo., 1850 Census which I firmly believe is our ancestor. This record shows her as a widow, age 70, born in NC; also, the name Retta appears in other generations of the Mooneys. It is believed James and Retta had 14 children based on family information and the following Census records.

1790 Census, Rutherford County, NC, reveals James as the only son at home, age under 16, with his father, Jacob Sr. and 2 females.

18OO Census, Rutherford County, NC, lists James head of household with wife both age 16-25, 2 sons and 1 daughter under 10.

1810 Census, Rutherford County, NC, lists James head of household: males - 4 under 10, 2 (10-15), and himself (26-44); females -2 under 10, 1 (10-15), and his wife (26-44).

1820 Census, Warren County, Tenn., James is head of household: males - 4 under 10, 2 (10-15), 2 (16-18), 2 (16-25), and himself (45 & over); females -2 (10-15), and wife (26-44).

Nearby, his son Jacob (Parnell/Pernal) Mooney appears head of household: males - 1 under 10, and himself (16-25); females - his wife (16-25).

A second son, David, also appears as head of household: males - 1 under 10, and himself (16-25); females - his wife (16-25).

(While these two sons are listed as head of household, it is believed they are included in the household of their father also in error.) 1830 Census, Warren County, Tenn., James Mooney is still head of household: males - 3 (10-14), 1 (15-19), and himself (50-59); females - 1 (15-19), 1 (5-9), and his wife (50-59).

Jacob (Pernal) is nearby with his family: males - 2 (5-9), 1 (10-14), and himself (30-39); females - 2 under 5, I (5-9), and his wife (30-39).

David is not in Warren Co. at this time; there is a David Mooney in Hawkins Co. , Tenn. in 1830 along with many other Mooneys, but it is not known if this is of our family.

A third son, John M. Mooney is now head of household: males - 1 under 5, and himself (20-29); females - l, his wife (15-19).

Another son, James Mooney Jr., is also head of household: males - 1 under 5, and himself (20-29); females - l, his wife (15-19).

1840 Census, Warren County, Tenn., Jacob (Pernal) Mooney is the only family remaining and listed with: males - I (5-9), 2 (15-19), and himself (40-49); females - 2 (5-9), 2 (lO-14), I (15-19) and wife (40-49).

It is believed that James Sr. died just prior to 1840 as there is no more record of him--that his children and families left that area migrating west. Some are known to have settled in Missouri and Arkansas, again exploring the ,resettled territories as civil rights became an issue in the southeast.

There were no Mooneys in Warren County, Tenn., by 1850. There are several Mooneys in other counties in Tenn., and other states, but is not known if they are of this family. Those known to be or believed to be our family are recorded later in this file.

Surname spelled Mooney, Muni, Mony, Monni, Mauney, Moonie, Moone, etc.

Several sources claim this man is the immigrant ancestor and was born in Ireland.

I have seen his name as Jacob in some places but the majority have him as James T. Mooney. James and Retta lived in Rutherford County, North Carolina and had a daughter and 2 sons by the 1800 census.

They were still there for the 1810 Census with 9 children - 4 sons and 2 daughters born between 1800 and 1810.

By 1820 Census in Warren County, Tennessee they'd added 4 more sons. They added another daughter between 1825 and 1830.

James sold his land in North Carolina to his brother Daniel in 1803 and bought land in Warren County, Tennessee by 1805 - tax list.

Moved from Tennessee to McMinnville, Warren County, Tennessee at the age of 17 and built a large plantation with many slaves.

He next settled in Arkansas {then called Arkansaw County in the Missouri Territory} in 1809, just 6 years after the Louisiana Purchase in 180 3.

He then settled the town of Batesville, Independence County, Arkansas. He established Mooney's Trading Post at the first steamboat landing in the area, both of which he constructed himself. According to one source both were on the Mississippi River. Two other sources claim the Trading Post and the steamboat landing were on the White River in Baxter County, Arkansas near Cotter, Arkansas.

Baptist Served as an Ensign, then Lieutenant with the 29th Regiment of the Tennessee State Militia during the War of 1812.

maybe died 1842

Father: Hans Jacob Mooney b: 20 FEB 1717/18 in Altwiller, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France Mother: Catherine Eaker b: 1722 in Canton, Bern, Switzerland

Sources: Title: hjk49.ged Repository: Media: Other Text: Title: Richard66ABCD.FTW Repository: Media: Other Text:

Source Citation "Pedigree Resource File," database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/3M6Y-RKS : accessed 13 September 2012), entry for James T. /Mooney/,Sr..

Source Information The Pedigree Resource File is a collection of lineage-linked names submitted by users of FamilySearch. The information displayed in the file includes the notes and sources in the submission. No merges, corrections, or additions are made to the data submitted to the Pedigree Resource File. Users can draw from this database for help with their family history research.

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James T. MOONEY, Sr.'s Timeline

Tyron (Now Polk), NC, USA
Age 44
Rutherord, NC, USA
Age 45
Rutherford, NC, USA
Age 48
Rutherford, NC, USA
June 20, 1802
Age 49
Rutherford, NC, USA
Age 51
Rutherford, NC, USA
Age 52
Rutherford, NC, USA
Age 54
Rutherford, NC, USA
Age 57
Rutherford, NC, USA