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James Stone

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Princetown, Devon, England
Death: Died in Geraldton, WA, Australia
Place of Burial: WA, Australia
Immediate Family:

Son of James Stone and Ann Stone
Husband of Mary Jane Stone
Father of Patrick Joseph Stone; Sicily Ann Willcock; Terence James Stone; Ursula Mary Kennedy; James Thomas Stone and 3 others
Brother of Patrick Stone; Jane Ann Buckley; Catherine Buckley; Bridget Baker and John Stone

Managed by: Ian Alexander Stone
Last Updated:

About James Stone

England & Wales Birth registration index record for James Stone, July-September quarter, 1855, Tavistock registration district, Devon, vol 5B. No. 296.

England & Wales Birth certificate for James Stone, born 25 July 1855 at Princetown, Devon. Father, James Stone, Pensioner, 40th Regiment of Foot; mother, Ann Stone, late Odonnel, formally Doherty. The informant was his father James Stone and the birth was registered on 23 August 1855.

James was born at Princetown, near Dartmoor Prison. His father James had volunteered to be a pensioner guard, guarding convicts being transported to Western Australia, and his parents were waiting for the ship to come to transport the convicts to Western Australia. The Western Australian death registration index records the place of birth as Dartmoor, England.

James sailed with his parents James and Ann and brother Patrick on the convict transport ship William Hammond, father James being one of the pensioner guards, guarding the convicts being transported to Western Australia. While the records for the convicts are detailed, the records for the guards are patchy and James and the rest of the family have not been identified on a passenger list, however James' birth date makes the William Hammond the only logical ship.

'The William Hammond was a barque used to transport convicts to Western Australia.

Built in Sunderland in 1853 for Thomas and Co, the William Hammond was 149.5 feet (45.6 m) long, 28.6 feet (8.7 m) wide and 19 feet (5.8 m) deep, and weighed 683 tons. On 30 September 1854, it sailed from Plymouth to Hobart with 261 emigrating passengers on board. It docked in Hobart on 25 December, after a journey of 83 days, during which three children died.

When appointed to transport convicts to Western Australia in 1855, the William Hammond was still considered a new ship, and had an A1 rating. With Horatio Edwards as captain and George MacLaren as surgeon-superintendent, the William Hammond embarked 35 convicts from the Woolwich prison hulk Defence on 6 December 1855, and another 32 convicts from the hulk Warrior shortly afterwards. On 8 December she was towed out of Woolwich dock and sailed down the River Thames. After clearing the Straits of Dover she encountered stormy weather in the English Channel. She sailed along the south coast of England, docking at Portsmouth. On 17 December she took on 59 more convicts, and the following day she anchored off the Isle of Portland, where she took on 80 convicts from Portland Prison. The ship left Portland on 24 December, but shortly afterwards a sailor named John Gollately fell overboard while trying to stow the jib. Another sailor, John Deady, attacked the Chief Mate, David Kid, saying it was his fault the man fell overboard. The William Hammond then set in at Plymouth, where Deady was tried before a magistrate and sentenced to 21 days imprisonment. Six sailors, who due to various illness were deemed unfit to travel, were also disembarked. After taking on 45 more convicts from Dartmoor Prison, as well as the Stone's, the William Hammond sailed for Western Australia on 5 January 1856.

The William Hammond sailed with 32 crew, 250 convicts and 98 passengers, most of whom were pensioner guards and their families. She sailed directly to Fremantle, and the journey took 84 days. Only one person died on the journey, a corporal in the pensioner guard named Henry Fraser, probably of tuberculosis. No convicts died, although there were reported cases of dysentery, diarrhoea and nyctalopia. The only other incident occurred on 28 January, when Kid was found to be drunk on his watch, having accessed the stores of rum without permission.

At about 7 P.M. on 28 March 1856, the William Hammond sighted the lighthouse on Rottnest Island. Anchor was dropped in the lee of Rottnest early the next morning, and at 7 A.M. the Fremantle harbour master boarded the ship. The passengers were disembarked by mid-afternoon, and the convicts were disembarked over the next two days.

As James' twin sisters and younger brother were born in Fremantle, it is assumed the Stone's lived in Fremantle until the 1860's. In 1865 James' father employed a ticket of leave convict in grubbing sandlewood. One of the inducements to becoming a Pensioner Guard was the grant of land and in 1868 his father was allotted Greenough locations G27 and G28 comprising some 33 acres. On 4 May 1874 the grant of Greenough lot G 27 grant was confirmed. On September 7 1874 the grant of Greenough location G28 was confirmed.

Not sure if the following articles are relating to James Stone (who would have been aged about 20) or his father James Stone (who would have been aged about 60).

The Enquirer and Commercial News, Wednesday 5 August 1874, p4

At the July meeting of the Greenough Road Board it was resolved, 1— That as the only tenders to cart stone on to the Bootenal Road were from Henry Kemp and James Stone, and both at the same price, viz. 2s. 100 yds.; be given to each.

The Enquirer and Commercial News, Wednesday 6 January 1875, p. 4.

IMPOUNDED in the Public Pound, Greenough Flats, on the 13th inst., 9 brown Nanny Goats, driven in from Bootenal with James Stone's herd. If not claimed within the time allowed by law, will be sold to defray expenses. JAMES ADLAM, Poundkeeper. Bootenal, Dec. 15, 1874

The Enquirer and Commercial News, Wednesday 11 July 1877, p. 3.

GREENOUGH.

Monthly meeting held 4th June, 1877. Present — Mr. T. Clinch (chairman), Messrs. F. Ventura, C. Connolly, J. Eakins, and A. Brand. Minutes of the previous meeting were read and confirmed. Proposed by C. Connolly, seconded by F. Ventura, and carried, that tenders be invited, returnable on Monday, 2nd July, to dig a ditch from Bootenal Road, about 50 chains, towards Ventura's. Proposed by F. Ventura, seconded by A. Brand, that James Stone's account for 15s. 9d., hire of horse and cart in removing stone on the road, be paid ; carried. Proposed by A. Brand, seconded by F. Ventura, that the meeting be adjourned till Monday, 2nd July ; carried.

On 22 August 1877 at Bootenal, Greenough, his sister Catherine married Daniel Buckley, while brother Patrick married Helen Emily Roe at St. Peter's Chapel, Bootenal, Greenough on 8 February 1880.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday December 21, 1881, p213.

PATRICK STONE and JAMES STONE ; charged at Greenough, on 14th inst.[ie 14 December, 1881], with assaulting Daniel Buckley, on 4th inst. [ie 4 December] Fined £1 each and costs. (Note it is unsure if this is Daniel Buckley, who the following year was sworn in as a police constable, or Daniel Buckley who had married their sister Catherine).

James married Mary Hogan daughter of pensioner guard Patrick Hogan and his wife Catherine on 24 July 1882 at the Roman Catholic church, Geraldton.

Western Australian Marriage registration index record for James Stone marrying Mary Hogan at Geraldton, No. 5292 of 1882.

The Victorian Express, Wednesday 2 August 1882, p. 2.

MARRIAGE. STONE — HOGAN. — At St. Xavier's Church, Geraldton, on July 24, by the Rev. P. Delaney, James, second son of Mr. P. Stone, of Bootenal, to Mary Jane, eldest daughter of the late Mr. Patrick Hogan, of Geraldton.

The Victorian Express, Wednesday 2 August 1882, p. 3.

Two families of very "old settlers" were united on July 24, by the marriage of Mr. James Stone, second son of Mr. P. Stone, of the Bootenal, to Miss Hogan, eldest daughter of the late Patrick Hogan, of this town. Mr. Stone, sen., and Mr. P. Hogan, now deceased, came out, we believe, in the same ship, many years ago. Both were pensioners, who had served their Queen and country well and both struggled on, in this district, against various adverse influences, into a creditable position. We wish the newly married couple every happiness in the future.

The Victorian Express, Saturday 11 July, 1885, p. 2.

An article on the Greenough Farmers' Club meeting held on 1 July recorded that Mr. J. Stone, Jnr was elected a member, and later in the meeting his name was added to the Ploughing match committee. Ploughing competitions were a regular activity..

Victorian Express, Saturday 6 February 1886, p. 3.

GERALDTON TOWN COUNCIL.

The usual monthly meeting of the Geraldton Town Council was held on Monday evening last. Present: Cr. Jose, (Acting Mayor), and Crs. Pead, Stroud and Pope. ... Tenders for supplying horses, carts, and drivers for the year 1886 were received from Messrs. P.& J. Stone, who agreed to supply a two horse team and driver at the rate of 11s. 9d. per day, and a one horse team and driver for 9s. 9d. per day : G. Thomas's tender was for 11s. 6d. and 9s. 6d. respectively, and T. O'Maley's for 10s. and 8s. respectively. On the motion of Cr. Stroud, seconded by Cr. Pope, O'Maley's tender was accepted. The clerk was directed to notify him of the fact and request him to find sureties for the due performance of the work.

Father James died 12 January 1887.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 11 April, 1888, p63.

Geraldton.—On the night of the 23rd ult.[ie 23 March, 1888], from owner's dwelling, — bag containing 2 blue blankets, and 1 common horse rug, yellow with red and black stripes at ends, the property of James Stone. — C.I. 198.

The Victorian Express, Saturday 9 June 1888, p. 4.

Mr, James Stone of the " Travellers' Rest" was fined £51 in the Geraldton Police Court on Tuesday last on two separate charges for the breach of the Wine and Spirits Sale Act. The hearing of a further charge of a more serious character against Mr. Stone was adjourned until the 13th inst.

The Inquirer & Commercial News, 20 June 1888, p3.

GERALDTON.

On the 4th inst. James Stone, landlord of the Travellers' Rest hotel [at Greenough], was fined £50 and costs for having unlawfully sold or supplied persons with liquor on the 27th May last, that being a Sunday.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 20 June, 1888, p109.

JAMES STONE, licensee of the "Travellers  Rest " Hotel [at Greenough]; charged at Geraldton, on the 4th inst.[ie 4 June, 1888], by Sergeant Waldock ; contravening sections 45 and 61 of 44th Vict., No. 9. " The Wines, Beer, and Spirits Sale Act, 1880 ;" two charges. Fined 20s. and costs, and £50 and costs.

The Victorian Express, Saturday 23 June 1888, p. 4.

Mr. Jas. Stone of the Travellers' Rest was on Saturday last in the Geraldton Police Court fined £30 and imprisoned for 3 days for selling English ale without a license.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 27 June, 1888, p113.

JAMES STONE ; licensee of the " Travellers Rest " hotel [at Greenough]; charged at Geraldton, on the 27th ult.[ie 27 May, 1888], by Sergt. Waldock; disposing of imported ale without a license. £30 fine and costs and 3 days imprisonment.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 11 July, 1888, p126.

Prisoners discharged from Geraldton Gaol, during the two weeks ending Saturday, 30th June, 1888:

  • Condition : free
  • Name : Stone, James
  • Offence : Selling imported beer without a license
  • Sentence : 3 days h.l.
  • Were committed : Geraldton
  • Date of discharge : 19 June

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 16 August, 1888, p145.

JAMES STONE, licensee of the " Travellers Rest " Hotel [at Greenough]; charged at Geraldton, on the 30th ult.[ie 30 July, 1888], by P.C. Eaton ; permitting an intoxicated person to remain on his licensed premises. Fined 20s. and costs.

The West Australian, Wednesday 15 August 1888, p. 3.

At the Geraldton Police Court, on the 30th ult.[ie 30 July, 1888], James Stone, the landlord of the "Travellers' Rest," was fined £20, and ordered to pay 3s 6d costs, for knowingly or carelessly allowing an intoxicated person to remain upon his licensed premises on Sunday the 22nd ult. [ie 22 July 1888].

The Victorian Express, Saturday 15 December 1888, p. 5.

Mr. James Stone's application for a wine and beer license, the consideration of which was adjourned from the licensing meeting till Wednesday last, was refused, objections being raised by the Police Sergeant on the grounds of a previous conviction for a breach of the Publican's Act.

The Victorian Express, Saturday 9 February 1889, p. 5.

The handsome and commodious residence of the late Mr. Nancarrow in Marine Terrace, after standing vacant for a long time has at last been taken by Mr. James Stone. We understand that a Working Men's Club is to be established on the premises, to be carried out on much the same lines as the club which is located at the Masonic Hall. This seems something like a new departure, but then there is no valid reason why the enjoyment of club privileges should be confined to one section of the community.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 18 December, 1889, p197.

JAMES STONE, charged at Geraldton, on the 9th inst.[ie 9 December, 1889], by P.C. Field; keeping a boarding house without a license. Fined £5 and costs or 1 month imprisonment.

Note the WA Police Gazette for 7 January 1891 lists George King as licensee of the " Travellers Rest " Hotel, Greenough in the 1891 return of Wayside house licenses under the Wines, Beer, and Spirits Sale Act, 1880.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 25 May, 1892, p85.

JAMES STONE, charged at Geraldton, on the 16th inst. [ie 16 May 1892], by P.C. Watson; keeping an eating, boarding, and lodging house without license. Fined £7 and costs.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 22 June, 1892, p102.

JAMES STONE of Geraldton listed as a holding an Eating, Boarding and Lodging House License in the 1892 return of licensees under the Wines, Beer, and Spirits Sale Act, 1880.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 11 January, 1893, p9.

JAMES STONE of Geraldton listed as a holding an Eating, Boarding and Lodging House License in the 1893 return of licensees under the Wines, Beer, and Spirits Sale Act, 1880.

The Western Australian Directory (Pierssene) 1893-94 lists (p103) Geraldton : Stone, J., Boarding house, along with P. Stone, Merchant..

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 3 January, 1894, p6.

JAMES STONE of Geraldton listed as a holding an Eating, Boarding and Lodging House License in the 1894 return of licensees under the Wines, Beer, and Spirits Sale Act, 1880.

Victoria Express, Friday 5 January 1894, p. 2.

At the Geraldton Police Court, on December 30th [ie 1893], .... James Stone for allowing 3 horses to stray in Elwes Street on the 25th December was fined £3 and costs 3s. 6d. He was mulcted in a similar sum for a like offence on the following day.

Victorian Express, Friday 13 July 1894, p. 4. (classified advertisement)

Boarding House. MR. H. V. EATON has taken over the " Digger's Rest " Boarding House from Mr. James Stone, and is prepared to ACCOMMODATE Boarders at REASONABLE RATES.The The Premises, which are close to the New Jetty and Railway Station, have been thoroughly Renovated and Enlarged. All necessary Comforts will be provided for VISITORS to Geraldton. Stable accommodation of a suitable character available.

Victorian Express, Friday 13 July 1894, p. 3

"Harry Eaton" and "Jim Stone" fined £20 for removing firewood from Government lands.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 18 July 1894, p137.

HENRY V. EATON and JAMES STONE, charged at Geraldton, on the 9th inst., by P.C. Tyler; unlawful occupation of Crown Lands. £20 fine and costs each. [They were convicted of taking firewood from the Commonage for private use]

Geraldton Advertiser 27 July 1894

"20 pound fine on James Stone and Henry Eaton, unlawful occupation of waste lands of the Crown"

The West Australian, Saturday 1 December 1894, p. 3

Article about a fire at Geraldton on November 30, which destroyed a stable near Mr. J. Stone's shop.

The West Australian, Saturday 28 September 1895, p4.

Shipping Intelligence - Messers J Stone and Mesdames J. Stone and four children arriving at Fremantle on the SS Bulimba from Geraldton on September 27.

The "Bulimba" departed the same day for Adelaide with the Stones and son Vincent Thomas Stone was born in Adelaide on 1 September 1896. Prior to the gold rush of the 1890’s, Western Australia’s small population meant there were few medical specialists in the colony and even after the enormous population increase in the 1890’s people generally still had to go to one of the other colonies for specialist medical services. The family had gone to Adelaide to visit an optical specialist.

The Western Australian Directory (Pierssene) 1894-95 lists (p128) Geraldton : Stone, J., Boarding house keeper, Marine Terrace, along with P. Stone, Storekeeper, Marine Terrace.

The Western Australian Directory (Pierssene) 1895 lists (p90) Geraldton : Stone, J., Boarding house keeper, Marine Terrace, along with P. Stone, Storekeeper, Marine Terrace.

The Western Australian Directory (Wise's) 1895-96 lists (p96) Geraldton : Stone, J., Boarding house, along with P. Stone, Storekeeper.

The Western Australian Directory (Wise's) 1898 lists (p130) Geraldton : Stone, James, Carrier, along with Patrick Stone, Storekeeper.

The Western Australian Directory (Wise's) 1899 lists (p136) Geraldton : Stone, James, Carrier, along with Patrick Stone, Storekeeper.

The Enquirer and Commercial News, Friday 8 December 1899, p. 14.

At the annual licensing court meeting at Geraldton, among other cases, an eating and boardinghouse licence was granted to James Stone.

WA Police Gazette, Wednesday 17 January, 1900, p25.

JAMES STONE of Geraldton listed as a holding an Eating, Boarding and Lodging House License in the 1900 return of licensees under the Wines, Beer, and Spirits Sale Act, 1880.

Western Mail, Saturday 27 January 1900, p13.

An article about a drowning at Geraldton, where the person who drowned had just arrived in Geraldton by train from Mount Magnet had put up at Mr. James Stone's boarding-house, paying a week's board in advance.

The Western Australian Directory (Wise's) 1900 lists (p126) Geraldton : Stone, James, Carrier, along with Patrick Stone, Storekeeper.

Western Australian Death registration index record for James Stone, died age 45, father James Stone, mother Ann Dorethy, born Dartmoor, England, No. 1170 of 1900.

Western Australian Death Certificate No. 1170 of 1900 for James Stone, landowner, of Marine Terrace, Geraldton, died 16 October 1900. Father James Stone, farmer; mother Ann Dorethy [ie Doherty], born Dartmoor, England; had lived in WA for 44 years; had married in Geraldton, aged 27 to Mary Jane Hogan. Living children: Joseph, 17 years; Cicily, 14 years; Terence, 12 Years; Ursula, 9 years; Vincent, 4 years; deceased children: 2 males, 1 female. Cause of death (1) Phthisis (over 2 years) and (2) Marasmus and exhaustion (3 weeks). Phthisis is an archaic name for tuberculosis. A person afflicted with tuberculosis in the old days was destined to dwindle and waste away [Latin, from Greek, from phthinein, to waste away.] . Marasmus is a form of severe malnutrition characterized by energy deficiency. A child with marasmus looks emaciated. Body weight is reduced to less than 60% of the normal (expected) body weight for the age.

Cause of death (as stated by Vincent Stone).

James had been drinking at his brother Patrick's hotel. He came home drunk and wife Mary wouldn't let him in the house. He subsequently caught pneumonia and died.

Buried 17 October 1900, Roman Catholic section, Geraldton Cemetery.

The West Australian, Friday 19 December 1902, p. 4.

Probates- James Stone, late of Geraldton, land owner, to George Baker and Mary Jane Stone, sworn value £2,800.

James's will, dated 23 October 1897, listed his wife, Mary and his brother-in-law, George Baker as the trustees of the estate. Under the terms of the will, Mary was appointed guardian of his infant children; the trustees were to set up a trust fund to pay income to Mary while she remained a widow and once she married or died the trust would be divided into four parts, one part for Mary and one part each for the sons Patrick Joseph, James Terence and Vincent Thomas, with a weekly payment of £1 to each of the unmarried daughters from the week after Mary died.

The Western Australian Directory (Wise's) 1901 lists (p118) Geraldton : Stone, James, Carrier, along with Patrick Stone, Storekeeper.

Probate Record in WA State Records Office Consignment 3403 item 1902/146

Geraldton Guardian, Tuesday 13 September 1910, p. 2.

[Article recording the demolition of James Stone's Boarding house] - Old and New Geraldton. — Certain pathetic clements attach themselves to the onward march of time. Especially is this the case in old established towns. One by one the old familiar land-marks and buildings disappear, and slowly but surety the old and dilapidated give place to the up to-datedness that the increased prosperity of a town demand. Numerous instances of this have been in evidence of late in Geraldton, the latest of which is the demolition of the building, familiar, doubtless, to thousands, which, was for many years known as Stone's Boarding House. This building was built by the late Mr. James Stone nearly 20 years ago, and, until the last few days, was the oldest established restaurant in Geraldton. A new 'Coffee Palace' is to rise phoenix-like on the site of the old 'Eating House.' Mrs. J. Stone and her sons are having these buildings erected, and the contract for the work will be undertaken by Mr. W. J. Martin. What with the additions to the Railway Hotel, the coffee palace to be erected, and the lately built Commonwealth Hotel, a transformation will be apparent to old-timers visiting the port. The foregoing but serves to testify to the gradual town evolution which is certain era long to transform Geraldton into one of the finest towns in Western Australia. May prosperity attend those who are helping in the process of transformation.

The Municipal Inventory for the former Shire of Greenough includes 'Stone's Cottage Site', James Stone's Cottage, Brand Highway (east side) Greenough, associated with James Stone, previous owner. I am sure this is his father's house, though he would have lived there is a child.

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James Stone's Timeline

1855
July 25, 1855
Devon, England
1883
September 27, 1883
Age 28
Geraldton, WA, Australia
1887
1887
Age 31
Geraldton, WA, Australia
1888
1888
Age 32
Geraldton, WA, Australia
1890
1890
Age 34
Geraldton, WA, Australia
1893
May 9, 1893
Age 37
Geraldton, WA, Australia
1894
July 3, 1894
Age 38
Geraldton, WA, Australia
1895
July 28, 1895
Age 40
Geraldton, WA, Australia
1896
September 1, 1896
Age 41
Adelaide, SA, Australia