James Taylor, of 'Rapidan'

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James Taylor, of 'Rapidan'

Also Known As: "Walker"
Birthdate: (55)
Birthplace: King and Queen County, Virginia, Colonial America
Death: June 23, 1729 (55)
Bloomsbury, Orange Co., VA
Place of Burial: Rapidan, Culpeper County, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Col. James Taylor, of King & Queen and Frances Taylor
Husband of Martha Taylor
Father of Elizabeth Taylor; Frances Thompson Taylor; Captain James Taylor, III; Margaret Tinsley; Martha Thompson Chew and 10 others
Brother of Jane Frances Mauldin; Martha Taylor; Sarah Powell; Elizabeth Taylor; James Taylor and 7 others
Half brother of Nathaniel Taylor; John Taylor; Twin Taylor; Elizabeth (Twin) Flewellyn; Ann Caruthers and 6 others

Occupation: Burgess & (and Knight Of The Golden Horseshoe)
Managed by: Linda Sue
Last Updated:

About James Taylor, of 'Rapidan'

Surveyor-General of the Colony Member of the Knights of the Golden Horseshoe, an expedition to discover inland Virginia. "First discovered the Great Road in 1716 and crossed the Appalachin mountains, drank a toast to King George's health and buried a bottle claming the vast valley for the King of England. The Knights' motto became 'Sic Juvat Transcendere Montes' (Behold, We Cross the Mountains)." James's daughter Frances m. Ambrose Madison; they were the grandparents of President James Madison. His son Zachary Taylor m. Elizabeth Lee; they were the grandparents of President Zachary Taylor.

  1. D: I29824
  2. Name: James TAYLOR , Jr.
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: 14 MAR 1674/75 in Accomac Co., VA
  5. Birth: 14 MAR 1673/74
  6. Death: 26 JUN 1729 in Locustville, Accomac Co., VA
  7. Death: 23 JUN 1729
  8. Reference Number: 29824

Father: James TAYLOR

Marriage 1 Martha THOMPSON b: 1679 in Carlisle, England

   * Married: 23 FEB 1698/99 in Hanover Co., VA


  1. Has Children Frances TAYLOR b: 30 AUG 1700 in Rapadan, Orane Co., VA
  2. Has Children Erasmus TAYLOR b: 5 SEP 1715

  1. D: I29824
  2. Name: James TAYLOR , Jr.
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: 14 MAR 1674/75 in Accomac Co., VA
  5. Birth: 14 MAR 1673/74
  6. Death: 26 JUN 1729 in Locustville, Accomac Co., VA
  7. Death: 23 JUN 1729
  8. Reference Number: 29824

Father: James TAYLOR

Marriage 1 Martha THOMPSON b: 1679 in Carlisle, England

   * Married: 23 FEB 1698/99 in Hanover Co., VA


  1. Has Children Frances TAYLOR b: 30 AUG 1700 in Rapadan, Orane Co., VA
  2. Has Children Erasmus TAYLOR b: 5 SEP 1715

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=18531269 Birth: Mar. 14, 1675 Accomac Accomack County Virginia, USA Death: Jun. 26, 1729 Locustville Accomack County Virginia, USA

Son of James Taylor & Francis Taylor.

Husband of Martha Thompson Taylor

  • ****************

Greenfield was at one time part of James Taylor II's estate. Following his death, he divided his vast holdings among his children. His son, Erasmus Taylor, received Greenfield. The large plantation home still exists and was being renovated in 2014. All legible grave markers were photographed in September 2014. (info provided by George & Diane Gravlee)

Family links:

 James Taylor (1635 - 1698)
 Frances Walker Taylor (1640 - 1680)

 Martha Thompson Taylor (1679 - 1762)

 Frances Taylor Madison (1700 - 1761)*
 James Taylor (1703 - 1784)*
 Zachary Taylor (1707 - 1768)*
 Zachary Taylor (1707 - 1768)*
 George Taylor (1711 - 1792)*
 Erasmus Taylor (1715 - 1794)*

 James Taylor (1675 - 1729)
 Ann Taylor Lea (1684 - 1731)**
 Mary Taylor (1685 - 1685)**
 Mary Taylor (1686 - 1686)**
 Mary Bishop Taylor Pendleton (1688 - 1770)**
 John Taylor (1696 - 1780)**
  • Calculated relationship
    • Half-sibling

Burial: Taylor Cemetery Rapidan Culpeper County Virginia, USA

Created by: Paul Taylor "Moochie" Record added: Mar 20, 2007 Find A Grave Memorial# 18531269

History of James (II) Taylor (1675 - 1729)

· 4 October 2014 · 0 Comments

by Garry Bryant

James Taylor (II) Colonel, Burgess, Sheriff, Knight of Golden Horseshoe (1675 - 1729)

Born 14 March 1674/5?, at St. Stephen’s Parish, King & Queen County, Virginia. Married on 23 February 1699, to Martha Thompson, daughter of Col. William Thompson, and wife Ellen Montague, at St. Peter’s Parish, King & Queen County, Virginia (please see Thompson family history). She was born in 16796 and died on 19 November 1762, at Greenville, Orange County, Virginia.7

    James’ home was called Monte Bello. He was a surveyor and was given 16000 lbs of tobacco for his services. Home was “Greenfields”. Built Bloomsbury for son. Grandfather of two Presidents, Zachary Taylor and James Madison. Later he became the Surveyor-General of Virginia Colony.12
    Surveyor for the counties of King and Queen and King William, and ran the lines dividing the two counties. 

“17 Feb 1700/01 p 10 May 1701 Essex County “ Virginia: RICHARD GRIGORY will, of Farnham Parish in Essex County, Virginia: to eldest son Richard - land; to dau Eliz’a Grigory land adj that of Robt. Halsey, etc. To son John Grigory 300 acres, being part of 1000 acres formerly patented by Thomas Gaines. To dau Sarah Grigory 700 acres lying upon the head of Matapony River adj land of Capt. James Taylor and Mr. Jonathan Fisher. To “my two sons in Law Thomas and Wil- liam Borne” each 150 acres at upper end of land given daughter Sarah. Item I give to my son Richard Grigory a Table that is in King and Queen Co and my Caine my Pistolls and a Sword and a paire of Iron Doggs and one Feather bed and funiture. Son Richard to be of age at 18. Item I give to my son John Grigory another Table which is in King and Queene County and one Large Iron Pott which is in King and

           Queen and one Pott hookes and a Sword 
           and Cubboard and that he be of age at 

Eighteene. To wife Katherine Grigory balance of personal estate. She sole Extrx. s/ RICHARD GRIGORY. Wit: Anne x Morton, John x Richards, Ja.Clerke. 8 Oct 1700 Ess.Co: James Jones of Sittenbourne Par, planter, & Katherine his wife sell Charles Brown of same Par for 2500 lb tobo “my pt of a tract or dividend of land left to my wife Katherine by her father Robt.Armstrong”, being pt of 400 a. pat “for my father Arm- strong” 26 Oct 1666 then assigned to “Nicho” Catlet 20 Feb 1672 and then sd Catlet by Power of Atty to Mr. Edmond Craske 17 June 1672 ack the land to sd Armstrong. Land in Rappahan nock Co N side Piscataway Creek (does not show boundaries). s/James Jones, Katherine x Jones. Wit: Robt.Kay, John Ellits. Charles Brown 27 Mar 1704 Ess.Co assigns foregoing to Argoll Blaxton; ack 10 Jun 1704 by Charles Brown; wife Susana Brown relinq. dower rights.” “1701/02 K&Q Co: Declaration, Great Britain Public Record Office, London: To his Most Sacred Majesty William the third by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, Ffrance and Ireland King Defender of the faith & c’a. The Humble Address of your Maj’ties Justices of the peace, High Sheriff Malitia Officers and other your Maj’ties Leigh people Inhabitants of the County of King and Queen VA. May it please your Majestie. Our remote distance not favering us so early as your Maj’ties Loyall Subjects of England and Several other your Kingdomes and Dominions yet now we heartily and sincerely beg leave to Congratulate your Maj’ties Safe return to England, with our hearty thanks to Almighty God for so great a blessing and wish there had been no other occatiuon for this present address but to have given your maj’tie the repreated assurances of our fidility and zeal for the Safety and Prosperity of your Sacred person and Governmn’t. But the acco’t we have received of the late strange proceedings of the ffrench King in unduly taking upon himself to set up the pretended prince of Wales for King of England, Scotland and Ireland, as it gives us a Just Indignation at the great injury and indignity offered to Your Maj’tie - so we think it our Duty upon this occation ti give your Maj’t9e fresh assurances of our steady loyalty w’ch no such pretences or attempts shall ever alter. We are too sencible (Great S;’r) of our late danger of popery and arbitrary power, and of the great goodness of God in delivering us by advancing your Maj’tie to the throne, to be so unthankfull to God, and so ungratefull to our Deliverer to Court new dangers and do unanimously resolve to the utmost of our capacities and abilities to venter our lives and ffortunes in defence of your Maj’ties Just Right, to this your great Colony and Dominion and shall ever pray for your Maj’ties long life and Reign over us. s/...RICHARD GREGORY, Capt...James Taylor, Capt...” “1721 K&Q Co: Col. James Taylor of K&Q Co to Joseph Robert of KWmCo, Lawyer, 30 Sterl., 300 a. land in Spots.Co pt of a pat granted Taylor 21 Jul 1721 in Spots.Co adj Robert Baylor and RICHARD GREGORY. Wit: John Scott, Benj.Cave, Zach.Taylor.”. (ref: VA CA Rec. p 100) “1 Jul 1725 K&Q Co: James Taylor of Drysdale Par K&Q Co, Gent. to John Taliaferro of St.Geo.Par, Spots.Co, Gent., 5 shill. Sterl; 1,260 a. land which is the remaining pt of an order of Council granted to Francis & Anthony Thornton 2 May 1718 for 4000 a. and is inc within the bounds of a pat of 8500 a. granted James Taylor 21 Jul 1722 lying in St.Geo.Par, Spots.Co. Wit: W.Russell, Richard Bayley, Sam.Loyd.”

    He was recommended to the governor to be a justice but was to young at the time, later he served as a county Justice from 1702 to 1714. It may be that his father was the Justice, and he was the sheriff, or he held both offices at the same time.
    James Taylor, the second, in 1704 was charged with 4,000 acres in St. Stephen’s Parish.8
    In 1716 as the Surveyor-General of Virginia. He was one of the thirty travelers with Governor Spotswood to enter the Virginia wilderness to find how close Lake Erie was to Virginia. This group was called the Knights of the Golden Horseshoe (see Madison family history). He explored the back country and took out patents to many acres in the counties of Caroline, Spotsylvania and Orange, which built up for him a large estate.9
    James was elected in 1702 Burgess of King & Queen County along with Col. William Leigh.10
    In June 1725, he moved from King and Queen where he had lived all his life, to Caroline County and established his second home called Greenfield in Orange County in Drysdale Parish, where he died on 26 June 1729, at age 55.11
    James and Martha (Thompson) Taylor had eleven children.


 1.  Frances Taylor - Born 30 August 1699/1700. Married 24 August 1721, to Ambrose Madison. She died 25 November 1761, Montpeliar, Orange County, Virginia. (Please see Madison family history.)13
 2.  Martha Taylor - Born 27 January 1701/02. Married before 1724 to Thomas Chew.
 3.  James III Taylor - Born 20 March 1703, Rapidan, Orange County, Virginia, and died 1 March 1784. He married Elizabeth McGrath Lewis.
 4.  Zachary Taylor - Born 17 April 1707. Married 1st c. 1729 to Esther Jones, 2nd c. 1734 to Elizabeth Lee,14 He died 29 March 1768. 
 5.  George Taylor - Born 10 February 1709/10. Married to Rachel Gibson. Burgess Orange County, Virginia, 1748-1758. He died 17 January 1784 (or 4 November 1792). Thirteen sons.15 
 6.  Tabitha Taylor - Born 12 March 1712/13. Married Thomas Wild.
 7.  Erasmus Taylor - Born 5 September 1715. Married Jane Moore. He died 19 July 1794.
 8.  Hannah Taylor - Born 15 March 1717/18. She married Mr. Bataille.
 9.  Mildred “Molly” Taylor - Born 11 December 1724. She married 1st Mr. Pendleton, 2nd c. 1754 to Richard Thomas. 

10. Charles Taylor - 11. Alice Taylor -


7 A descendent of Sir Roger Thompson, of English birth. From this Thompson family line came 5 US Presidents: James Madison, William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor, and Benjamin Harrison; Rudolf Loeser, “Larkin Chew of Spotsylvania County and His Family,” The Virginia Genealogist, Volume 47, #1, Jan-Mar, 2003, Whole Number 185. P. 9, note 24.

8 Old New Kent County, Virginia, page 441:

9 Land Patent Book #3, pages 399, 504, 528, 548.

10 Executive Journals of Council of Colonial Virginia, Vol 1, page 412, Vol 3,pages 322, 340; Lyon Gardiner Tyler, L.L.D., Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography. Volumes I-4. (Baltimore: Geinealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1998) “James Taylor,” P. 337. (FHL-USA/CAN 975.5 D3tl 1998 v. 1.)

11 Colonial Families of the Southern States of America, page 506-7: Of Orange Co., Va, b 1670; d. 26 Jun 1729; an influential citizen of affairs of both Church and State.

12 The Compendium of American Genealogy, First Families of America, Vol 7, page 26: Memebr of Burgesses, King and Queen County, VA, 1702-14; Surveyor of Virginia; Colonel, Orange County, VA, miltia; VA Colonial Abstracts, Vol 14, page 20, King & Queen County, VA; Land mentioned in will of Richard Gregory dated 2/17/1700-01, Essex Co., VA. Land said to be on Matapony River and in this case was adjoining land Richard Gregory willed his daughter Sarah Gregory (Borne). Taylor is named as Capt. James Taylor.

13 Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, Douglas, page 98: James, son of James of Carlisle, took up lands in Orange and was a first settler. He was the father of Frances, wife of Ambrose Madison and grandmother of the President. He had four sons, James, George, Zachary, and Erasmus.

14 Presidential Families of the US, Burke: Of Caroline, King and Queen and Orange Counties, Virginia. Colonel of the Militia, member of Virginia House of Burgesses, Surveyor-General of the Colony: Genealogies of Virginia Families, Vol III, page 558.

..2.3. JAMES TAYLOR(#2) & MARTHA THOMPSONb. ca 1679 - d. 11-25-1761...Children:

...3.1. Zachary TAYLOR(#3) b. - d. ? m. Elizabeth LEE ...3.2. George TAYLOR b. - d. ? m. #1 Rachel GIBSON m. #2 Sarah TALIAFERRO1 b. - d. ...3.3. Erasmus TAYLOR b. 09-05-1715 - d. ? m. Jane MOORE ...3.4. Frances TAYLOR b. - d. - m. (08-2-1741) Ambrose MADISON ...3.5. Martha TAYLOR b. - d. ? m. Thomas CHEW ...3.6. Tabitha TAYLOR b. 1712 - d. ? m. ? WILD ...3.7. Hannah TAYLOR b. 1713 - d. ? - m. ? BATTAILE ...3.8. Mildred TAYLOR b. 1724 - d. ? - m. ? THOMAS ...3.9. JAMES TAYLOR(#3) b. 12-27-1732 - d. - m. #1 ALICE THORNTON ? McGRATH m. #2 Mary GREGORY

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James Taylor, of 'Rapidan''s Timeline

March 14, 1674
King and Queen County, Virginia, Colonial America
January 12, 1685
Age 10
August 30, 1700
Age 26
Rapidan, Culpeper County, Virginia, United States
Age 25
March 30, 1703
Age 29
Rapidan, Orange, now Culpeper County, Virginia, Colonial America
Age 30
Rapidan, Culpeper County, Virginia, United States
Age 30
Caroline County, Virginia, United States
April 17, 1707
Age 33
Caroline County, Virginia, United States
February 11, 1711
Age 36
Rapidan, Culpeper County, Province of Virginia, Colonial America