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James Taylor

Birthplace: Scotland (United Kingdom)
Death: July 20, 1879 (68-69)
Greymouth, West Coast, South Island, New Zealand
Place of Burial: Greymouth, West Coast, South Island, New Zealand
Immediate Family:

Husband of Margaret Taylor
Father of Alice Wilson Alexander; Jessie Dalrymple Thomas; Louise Taylor; James Playfair Taylor; Agnes Learmonth Taylor and 5 others

Occupation: Otago Brewery
Find A Grave ID: 236771033
Immigration to New Zealand: Robert Henderson, 3 September 1860
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About James Taylor

OTAGO BREWERY. This, as the oldest of our breweries, it was our intention to have noticed first ; but the absence of the proprietor interfered. Though last, however, it is not least. Indeed, as a branch of one of our most important local industries, it stands, we believe, without a rival in the Colony. It was established in 1856, with a capacity for making only sixty hogsheads per month. In 1860, improvements were made, which cost £4,200, so that 120 lihds. could be turned out in a month — an ample supply, at that time, for the requirements or the country. During the first two or three years there was a malt-house and kiln in connection with it. Before selecting the site for the brewery, the late Mr George Burke went to some expense in having all the water around Dunedin analysed by an eminent chemist in Melbourne, who pronounced the water of the creek where the premises at present stand, at Burkes Bay, about four miles from Dunedin, as very pure and particularly well adapted for all brewing purposes. In 1866, the premises were twice extended, and the capacity of the plant increased, at a cost of £3000 more, and the establishment is now capable of producing six hundred hogsheads per month. It is at the present time undergoing further extensions in the shape of additional porter cellarage, to which will be added two large store vats, the contents of which will be about 120 hhds. more. This will all be in addition to their present cellarage for 800 hhds. The working department is under the care of Mr James Taylor, who has been connected with brewing both in the old country and New Zealand for upwards of forty years. It will be unnecessary to say much in reference to the plant and the process of brewing, after the ample details given in describing the other breweries. The whole of the plant is admirably arranged for economical working and saving labour. A fine tenhorse engine raises the malt, coal, &c, and performs all the grinding and mashing. The brewery is supplied with water brought in by pipes, after passing through a filter made on the most approved principle of sand, gravel, English chalk, and charcoal. It flows in at the top of the mash-house, and is conducted all over the brewery by pipes. The water used for brewing is heated by steam ; and mashing is performed by a patent machine, by Steel, of Glasgow. The mash tun is so placed that the wort flows directly into the wort copper. After being boiled, it is drawn off and run into the coolers, which are supplied with coils of patent copper pipes, filled with cold water. This plan of cooling is said to answer admirably. From the coolers the wort is conveyed to the fermenting guiles, of which there are five, containing 140 hhds. Here the fermenting is conducted on the Scotch, or slow, system, the quick process being adopted at all the other breweries. The beer, after being fermented, is drawn off by means of a patent hose, and conducted to hogsheads in the cellar below, to mature, before being sent out. The stock includes the various kinds of beer, viz., stout, pale ale, 4X, and treble X. To suit the palate of connoisseurs who prefer a stronger class of ale, Mr Burke proposes to introduce shortly an extra-strong quality, brewed entirely on the far famed Edinburgh ale principle. The malt and hops used in this brewery are imported from England. As the hogsheads are usually returned, they are all branded with the name . of the firm and the number, and the latter is noted in the bills sent to customers. At the time of our visit the 2284 th cask was receiving its brand. Upon being returned they undergo a thorough cleansing with steam, which, at a high pressure, is introduced at the bung-hole. At the business depot in Princes street South there is a bottling department, employing seven hands, under the management of Mr Spray, who has had considerable experience in the business. Source: Otago Witness (14 September 1872, p. 6)

DEATH. TAYLOR.- On the 20th July, James Taylor, late of the Otago Brewery, Dunedin, aged 69 years. Source: Grey River Argus (21 July 1879, p. 2)

HEADSTONE. - Erected in memory of MINNIE TAYLOR who died 10 February 1885; also her father JAMES TAYLOR who died 20 July 1879.

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James Taylor's Timeline

Scotland (United Kingdom)
March 27, 1839
Canongate, Midlothian, Scotland (United Kingdom)
May 19, 1841
Canongate, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Canongate, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (United Kingdom)
March 22, 1845
Arbroath, Angus, Scotland (United Kingdom)
April 10, 1847
Arbroath, Angus, Scotland (United Kingdom)
December 26, 1848
Arbroath, Angus, Scotland (United Kingdom)
July 25, 1850
Arbroath, Angus, Scotland (United Kingdom)