Jane Anne Auder
|Also Known As:||"Alder / Awder/aulder/coxe/cocke/cocks"|
|Birthplace:||Pembrook Hall, Cambridgeshire, England|
|Death:||Died in Brame, Ely, Cambridgeshire, England|
Daughter of George Auder and Agnes Auder
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Jane Anne Auder
Jane Auder, Alder or Awder, c.1524-1613, was the daughter of George Auder (1490-1560), alderman of Cambridge, and his wife Agnes (d. April 1576). On November 13, 1540, she married William Turner, botanist, physician, and Dean of Wells (c.1510-July 7,1568). They were wed in secret because Turner was a clergyman who had taken a vow of chastity. It was against the law for such persons to marry. The penalty was death. Soon after the wedding, the newlyweds fled religious persecution in England. They spent time in Ferrara and Bologna, where Turner studied medicine, and then lived in various Rhineland cities. All three of their children, Peter (1542-May 27, 1614), Winifred, and Elizabeth, were born during this exile. Returning to England after the death of Henry VIII, Turner became the personal physician and auxiliary chaplain of Edward Seymour, duke of Somerset and Lord Protector, a position that ended abruptly when Somerset was arrested in 1549. From 1549 until Turner’s appointment as Dean of Wells in March 1551, the family lived in considerable poverty. The first part of Turner’s Herball was published before the death of Edward VI forced the family back into exile during Mary Tudor’s reign. Once again they lived in several different cities, including Cologne, Worms, and Weissenburg. Under Elizabeth, Jane and her husband had a home in Crutched Friars, London. Only a few months after Turner’s death, Jane married again and once again her marriage was controversial in religious circles.
Her second husband was Richard Cox (c.1500-July 22,1581), whose first marriage c.1547 had raised eyebrows because his wife publicly resided with him in Christ Church. Cox, who eventually became Bishop of Ely, openly defended the right of priests to marry and remarried quickly when he became a widower. This displeased the queen. By the end of 1575, there were a number of complaints against both Cox and Jane. Lord North accused them of corruption and one of their tenants called Jane “Jezebel.” These matters appear to have been settled by Cox relinquishing property, in particular to Lord North. In 1579, Cox asked to retire and had negotiated the grant of Doddington Manor for life and an annuity of £200, but the arrangements were never finalized and he died while still serving as bishop. He left goods valued at £1334 to his widow and seven children.
It is unclear how many, if any, of the children were Jane’s.
Married 2: Jane AUDER (b. 1524 - d. 1613) (dau. of George Auder and Agnes ?) (w. of William Turner)
Richard Cox died in July 1581; a monument erected to his memory twenty years later in Ely cathedral was defaced, owing, it was said, to his evil repute. Strype (Whitgift, i. 2) gives Cox's hot temper and marriage as reasons why he was not made archbishop in 1583 in preference to Whitgift, who had been his chaplain; but Cox had been dead two years in 1583.
His first wife's name is unknown; she was the mother of his five children, of whom Joanna married the eldest son of Archbishop Parker. His second wife was the widow of William Turner, the botanist and Dean of Wells Cathedral.
Jane Anne Auder's Timeline
Pembrook Hall, Cambridgeshire, England
Brame, Ely, Cambridgeshire, England