Jane Gibson, Upper Congaree Shikora

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Jane Evans (Gibson), /Upper Congaree Shikora

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Tidewater / Congaree North Carolina
Death: 1738 (77-78)
Granville, NC, Brit AM Colony
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Mingo Thomas Gibson / Paspahge and Elizabeth Jane Gibson,-Top 5 PED Slave History Lesson/Shikori Cheraw
Wife of Morris Evans
Mother of Frances Evans; Charles Evans; The Younger, Jane Gibson / Shikori; Elizabeth (Evans) Cumbo / Shikori and Morris Evans, Jr.
Sister of Hubbard Gibson; Gibson "Gibby" Gibson, Paspaghe and John Jordan Gibson

Managed by: Rachelle Roby kit#AH6520100
Last Updated:

About Jane Gibson, Upper Congaree Shikora

[https://nativeamericanroots.wordpress.com/]

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258919000_Notes_on_Saponi_Settlements_in_Virginia_Prior_to_1714

http://obsn.org/a-brief-history-of-the-occaneechi-band-of-the-saponi-nation/


Name: Jane GIBSON Surname: Gibson Given Name: Jane _MARNM: Jane Evans Sex: F Birth: ABT 1660 in Charles City County, Virginia 1 2 Death: AFT 1738 in Charles City County, Virginia _UID: 04CBC3B71A5AD248B3F51B08C3761F130DC0 Note:

   JANE GIBSON, called the younger, was the daughter of JANE GIBSON, b. abt 1640-1650, who may have been a daughter of ELIZABETH CHAVIS, of Surry County, Virginia, who had several GIBSON surnamed children listed as "mulatto" in various records.:
   Elizabeth Chavis on 28 March 1672 made a successful petition to the General Court of Virginia to release her son, Gibson Gibson, who had been unlawfully bound by Berr. Mercer to Thomas Barber who had gone to England leaving the boy with Samuel Austin [McIlwaine, Minutes of the Council, 302-3]. 1676 List of the Names and some of the Residences of the Rebel Participants in Bacon's Rebellion of 1676 in Colonial Virginia [Bacon's Castle - home of Arthur Allen - Claremont]
   ELIZABETH CHAVIS may have been related to THOMAS CHIVERS, some believe she was his wife and that they also had a daughter named ELIZABETH. Following record refers to him and a daughter:
   Thomas Chivers was appointed to a jury of twelve men in Isle of Wight County on 28 July 1658 to determine whether 900 acres belonged to Major Nicholas Hill or to John Snollock [VMHB V:406]. He purchased 1,100 acres of land at the head of Sunken Marsh near Chipoakes Creek in Surry County, Virginia, on 20 May 1659 for two cows, payment of 4,000 pounds of tobacco in October that year, and payment of 4,000 pounds of tobacco in October 1660. He died sometime before 13 April 1664 when his daughter Elizabeth was bound out until she came of age [DW 1:151; Haun, Surry County Court Records, I:149; II:232]. <http://historical-melungeons.com/chippoakes_creek.html>
   ===============================
   While it has been determined that JANE GIBSON was married to MORRIS EVANS, there is no official record of all of their children. MORRIS' will names two sons, CHARLES & MORRIS EVANS, as well as a probable mistress, REBECCA HULET. JANE's records consists mostly of the Virginia Chancery Files from the freedom suits filed by her descendants who were illegally enslaved after her daughter, FRANCES EVANS, had 2 children, TOM & FRANCES, called FRANKY, who had been bonded out as servants or apprentices to GOODRICH LIGHTFOOT; LIGHTFOOT apparently then sold the children to WILLIAM MERIWETHER of Hanover County, Virginia, and afterwards, all of FRANCES/FRANKY's descendants were slaves.
   From the records of JANE & MORRIS, it seems that they were apparently separated, and that she chose to say that she was a widow and lived in Charles City County, VA. MORRIS and at least the 2 sons, CHARLES & MORRIS EVANS, apparently lived in York County, VA. The testimony of ROBERT WILLS in 1791 says that JANE GIBSON, the younger was married to MORRIS EVANS, and that they had "several children", but only FRANCES EVANS was mentioned because her children had been taken into slavery, the reason for the various court cases. MORRIS EVANS died in 1739 as indicated by his will probated in March 1739/40; and JANE EVANS was last mentioned in a May 1738 incident in Charles City County, Virginia involving the confiscation of property for a debt of MORRIS EVANS.
   ====================================
   FRANCES EVANS, the daughter of MORRIS EVANS & JANE GIBSON, was born a free woman of color, and she moved to New Kent County, Virginia, where she worked. She gave birth to several children, probably all of them illegitimate since there is no mention of a husband or the name of the children's father, but only 2 of the children are named in the petitions - TOM & FRANCES, a.k.a FRANKY, who were bound out as servants or apprentices to GOODRICH LIGHTFOOT of New Kent. Since FRANCES EVANS was a free woman, her children, her children were entitled to the same freedom since the laws governed the children's status according to the circumstances of the mother. But TOM & FRANCES/FRANKY EVANS were illegally enslaved during the time when they were supposed to be free, and it set the stage for what happened to the family over the next 200 hundred years. All of FRANCES/FRANKY EVANS children were born into slavery, and most of her descendants spent many years trying to obtain their freedom through the Virginia and North Carolina court systems. TOM apparently ran away from LIGHTFOOT and was caught and hanged in Hanover County, VA, so since that County was formed in 1721, it had to have been sometime after that; perhaps he realized he was being treated as a slave and was not happy with his circumstances when he made his decision to run, nothing is said about his reasons, but it was said that he was a young man. FRANCES/FRANKY was sold to WILLIAM MERIWETHER upon the death of GOODRICH LIGHTFOOT, which occurred in 1738; FRANCES/FRANKY remained a slave of MERIWETHER for the rest of her life and died while in his possession; WILLIAM MERIWETHER died in 1756, so FRANCES/FRANKY EVANS had to have died prior to that. FRANCES/FRANKY EVANS had 3 children while enslaved: TOM, SARAH COLLEY, & THOMPSON. TOM was given to NICHOLAS MERIWETHER, son of WILLIAM; then after NICHOLAS' death in about 1740, his widow, MILDRED THORNTON, remarried in 1741 to DOCTOR THOMAS WALKER, and TOM went with her to her new home with WALKER; TOM ran away, and one report says he was hanged, while another just says that he was dead by 1791, not sure which is correct, but it is possible that his fate by hanging may have been confused with the earlier TOM, his mother's brother.
   THOMPSON died as a young man while still in WILLIAM MERIWETHER's possession, but another report said that he was living in North Carolina. SARAH COLLEY (surname was from her father, JAMES COLLEY, a white servant who worked for WILLIAM MERIWETHER) remained in MERIWETHER's possession until his death in 1756, at which time, she was given to RICHARD MERIWETHER (1719-1766) , son of WILLIAM. RICHARD MERIWETHER died in 1766 Albemarle Co., VA, and upon his death, SARAH was sold to COL. EDWARD CARTER of Albemarle County, VA, a MERIWETHER in-law, because SARAH had requested to be with a Slave of CARTER's, whom she had fallen in love with. By 1756, SARAH had already had 6 children, 2 of which were listed as "deformed", probably meaning they were stillbirths. The 4 named children of SARAH COLLEY were KATE, BECK, HANNAH & AMEY, the youngest of which was a newborn by the time of WILLIAM MERIWETHER's death in 1756; HANNAH & AMEY were both given to RICHARD MERIWETHER in 1756 along with their mother; KATE & BECK were given to WILLIAM HUDSON, whose family eventually moved to Georgia. In 1791, KATE was said to be last been a slave in Georgia, and that she had children. BECK was listed as in Richmond, and her 2 children were DAVID & TOBY. HANNAH's fate after becoming a slave of RICHARD MERIWETHER is not mentioned except that she was dead by 1791, but she did have 9 children: MILLEY, MINGO, SALLEY, HARRY, NANCY, AMEY, NELLY, RACHEL, & BEN. MINGO won his freedom and took the name of THOMAS GIBSON. MILLEY, also had children: ARCHY, JIM, ROBERT & MELAH. SARAH COLLEY's daughter, AMEY, remained with RICHARD MERIWETHER, until his death in 1766, at which time she was given to his brother, THOMAS MERIWETHER (1718-1783). AMEY had about 10 children (even though her chart says 9, the court records indicate 10 names): CHARLES, AMEY, SUKEY, SINAR, SOLOMON, FRANKEY, SALLY, MILLY, ADAM & HANNAH EVANS.

3 Change Date: 13 Apr 2016 at 13:19:04

Mother: Jane GIBSON b: ABT 1640 in Charles City County, Virginia

Marriage 1 Morris EVANS b: ABT 1665

Children

   Has Children Frances EVANS b: ABT 1685 in Lunenburg County, Virginia
   Has Children Charles EVANS b: 1696 in York County, Virginia
   Has Children Morris EVANS b: 1710 in York County, Virginia

Sources:

   Title: FREE AFRICAN AMERICANS OF VIRGINIA, NORTH CAROLINA, SOUTH CAROLINA, MARYLAND and DELAWARE
   Author: Paul Heinegg
   Publication: http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/
   Text: Online website
   Page: http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/Gibson_Gowen.htm
   Note: (Note by Deloris Williams: The dates for the births of JANE GIBSON below are wrong, and have since been estimated by me as ca 1660, but no later than 1670, as exhibited in the 1791 testimony of ROBERT WILLIS. See Evans Family Chancery records)
   GIBSON FAMILY
   The Gibson family probably descended from Elizabeth Chavis. On 28 March 1672 she made a successful petition to the General Court of Virginia to release her son Gibson Gibson who had been unlawfully bound by Berr. Mercer to Thomas Barber, who had gone to England leaving the boy with Samuel Austin [Minutes of the Council 1670-76, 106, Virginia Historical Society Mss 4V81935a2; McIlwaine, Minutes of the Council, 302-3]. Her children were
   1 i. Gibson1 Gibson, born say 1660.
   2 ii. ?Hubbard Gibson, born say 1670.
   3 iii. ?Jane1 Gibson, born say 1672.
   iv. ?George1, born say 1674-1700, perhaps a brother or nephew of Gibson, described by Robert Wills of Charles City County on 25 June 1791 as having been the brother of Jane Gibson, "dark mulattoes" living in Charles City County about 1721 [Schweninger, The Southern Debate Over Slavery, vol. 2, 78-80].
   ------------
   3. Jane1 Gibson, born say 1672-1700, perhaps a sister or niece of Gibson Gibson, was the mother of George and Jane Gibson, described as "dark mulattoes" of Charles City County. Some of Jane's descendants were held as slaves when they sued in Richmond Superior Court for their freedom in 1803. Robert Wills deposed in Charles City County on 25 June 1791 that "about seventy years ago he was well acquainted with Jane Gibson and George Gibson her brother who were dark mulattoes and lived in the county of Charles City, and were free people. That the said Jane Gibson had two children named Jane and George Gibson, and that they were also free. That the said Jane Gibson the younger intermarried with a certain ____ Evans of the said county by whom she had several children, one named Frances Evans." The plaintiffs in the suit provided additional information which named him as Morris Evans [Schweninger, The Southern Debate Over Slavery, vol. 2, 78-80]. Jane was the mother of
   i. George3, died without issue.
   ***
   ii. JANE2, married MORRIS EVANS and had a daughter named FRANCES EVANS whose daughter SARAH COLEY, her children and grandchildren were held as slaves until freed by at least two freedom suits [LVA Chancery File, Lynchburg City 1821-033]. She may have been the JANE EVANS who held goods that were seized by the sheriff in Charles City County for a debt MORRIS EVANS owed Joseph Makepeace in May 1738 but which the court ruled did not belong to MORRIS [Orders 1737-51, 447].
   Title: Other--
   Page: http://www.historical-melungeons.com/gibsonnotes.html
   Note: Gibson and Evans
   Lynchburg City, Superior Court of Law and Chancery, Case #1821-033 (file #236), Charles Evans etc. vs. Lewis B. Allen. These two cases are representative of several in Virginia, in which slaves sued and won to regain their freedom, based on their ability to show descent from an Indian woman, which condition legally turned their enslavement into assault, battery, and unlawful detainment:
   The Slaves Held by Lewis Allen to the Superior Court, Richmond, Virginia, 1805 To the honorable, the judge of the superior court of chancery directed by law to be holden in the city of Richmond Humbly complaining shew unto your honor your orators and oratrixes Charles Evans, Amey Evans, Sukey Evans, Siras Evans, Solomon Evans, Frankey Evans, Sally Evans, Milly Evans, Adam Evans and Hannah Evans holden in slavery by Lewis Allen and permitted by this court to sue together here in forma pauperum as well as in their own behalf as in behalf of others in their family whose names are unknown to your orators and oratrixes and in whose cases are he reinafter stated. That your orators and oratrixes are children of a free woman of colour named Amey; who was daughter of another free woman named Sarah Colley, who was daughter of another woman of free colour named Jane Gibson; that from the document, depositions, and copies from records hereto annexed, it will appear that Thomas Gibson, alias Mingo Jackson, who is a son of Hannah, a sister by the mother's side to the aforesaid Amey; recovered his freedom from David Ross as well as various other descendants from the said Francis Evans, by the name of Evans; that your orators and oratrixes have just reason to fear and do fear that the aforesaid Lewis Allen who holds them in slavery, will sell them, as slaves with out the limits of this commonwealth; as he has already sold several of the family aforesaid in North Carolina whose names are unknown to your orators and oratrixes ....
   Edm: Randolph begs leaves to certify to the judge, that the complainant Charles Evans is now tied and confined to be sent from Richmond and probably out of the country by the order of Lewis Allen; who cannot be served with a subpoena, a prohibition is therefore prayed against Allen and all other persons.
   May 7, 1805
   Deposition of Robert Wills in the suit Thomas Gibson alias Mingo Jackson plt. against David Ross deft. taken in presence of the plt & Mr. Vannerson agent for Mr. Ross by consent, at the house of the said Wills this 25th day of June 1791, who being first duly sworn deposeth and saith; That about seventy years ago (1721) he was well acquainted with Jane Gibson and George Gibson her brother who were dark mulattoes who lived in the County of Charles City and were free people; that the said Jane Gibson had two children named Jane and George Gibson and they were also free; That the said Jane Gibson the younger intermarried with a certain ---- Evans of the said county, by who m she had several children on of whom named Francis Evans granddaughter of the Jane Gibson above named, that the said Francis Evans removed to New Kent county, where she lived and had several children, two of whom, as Francis Evans informed this deponent were named Tom and Francis Evans who were bound to one Lightfoot of New Kent. This information was made to this Depont. by the said Frances Evans the elder when she was on a visit to her friends in this County, who were neighbours to this deponent. This deponent further saith that after the great grandchildren viz; Tom and Francis were bound to the said Lightfoot he never heard anything more relative to them. That many of the descendants of the said Gibsons and Evans now in this deponents knowledge are alive, and enjoying their freedom unmolested and have remained so since this deponents first acquaintance with the first Jane Gibson the elder; that some of them are black, some nearly white, and others dark mulattoes which this deponent supposes proceeded from a promiscuous intercourse with different colours. ....
   Title: Other--
   Note: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:faP5gdokHqcJ:www.virginiamemory.com/online_classroom/shaping_the_constitution/doc/freedomsuit%20%22morris%20evans%22%20jane%20gibson&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us&source=www.google.com
   Freedom Suit Claiming Indian Descent of an Enslaved Family, 1814
   Throughout the history of slavery in Virginia, some American Indians were held as slaves. Seventeenth-century acts of assembly allowed enslavement for limited time periods of Indians captured in battle and lifetime slavery for Indians purchased from other colonies. In 1691 the assembly outlawed the enslavement of Indians. Nevertheless, people of Indian descent were still held as slaves, and laws concerning the enslavement of Native Americans changed several times, leading to confusion and lawsuits to determine whether people descended from certain Indians were legally free or enslaved. In 1662 the General Assembly had passed a law stating, "Whereas some doubts have arrisen whether children got by any Englishman upon a negro woman should be slave or ffree . . . all children borne in this country shalbe held bond or free only according to the condition of the mother." In Virginia then, the status of a mother was passed to her child. Therefore enslaved women gave birth to enslaved children regardless of the status of the father of the children. But the same was true of free women, their children were automatically free.
   One path to freedom for a slave held in Virginia was to prove maternal descent from an illegally enslaved Indian woman. Many people gained their freedom by showing that their mother or grandmother was an Indian and therefore was or should have been legally free. In the May 1772 case of Robin v. Hardaway, the General Court ruled that for most of the seventeenth century it had been illegal to enslave Indians who had been brought into Virginia. That case, on which Thomas Jefferson, a young attorney, took notes, resulted in freedom for twelve Dinwiddie County descendants of Indian women who had been sold into slavery in Virginia between 1682 and 1748.
   Some cases like the one of Charles Evans and others v. Lewis B. Allen used evidence proving descent through many generations, back to the original Indian ancestor. This genealogical chart and petition listing the descendants of Jane Gibson, an enslaved Indian, were submitted in evidence during a Lynchburg court proceeding that began in 1814 to secure the freedom of her numerous descendants who had also been held in slavery for their entire lives. That case was never resolved. The court-appointed lawyer for Gibson's descendants suffered a nervous breakdown and failed to follow through on the case, leaving the unrepresented plaintiffs enslaved.
   ============
   DIGITAL LIBRARY ON AMERICAN SLAVERY:
   PAR Number 21680401
   State: Virginia Year: 1804
   Location: Richmond Location Type: County
   Filing Date: 1804-March-5
   Ending Date: circa 1804-March-5
   Salutation: To the honorable, the judge of the Richmond chancery-district-court (, )
   Abstract: The petitioners, "descendants from Jane Gibson, a free Indian woman," claim they are being "holden in slavery" by Lewis Allen. They assert that most of Gibson's posterity "have obtained their freedom by judgments of different courts." Citing "that there is a great danger of their being removed out of the commonwealth by the said Allen," the Evanses pray "that they may be permitted to sue in forma pauperum." They note that "some of the same blood have been sold by the said Allen in the state of North Carolina."
   Result: granted
   # of Petition Pages: 2
   Related Documents: PAR #21680501; Order, March 1804
   Pages of Related Documents: 1
   ------
   Note by DW: this is the breakdown from Digital Library on American Slavery, which doesn't seem to have the generations listed correctly because from what I understand, CHARLES EVANS was the petitioner in 1805 and not the ancestor as is indicated in this list, perhaps they were trying to say MORRIS EVANS. It should show JANE GIBSON, the elder, as the original ancestor.
   PAR Number 21680501
   State: Virginia Year: 1805
   Location: Richmond Location Type: County
   Filing Date: 1805-May-7
   Ending Date: circa 1821-October
   Abstract: The petitioners claim they are being "holden in slavery by Lewis Allen." They cite four generations of free ancestors: their mother, "a free woman of colour, named Amey;" their grandmother, Sarah Colley; their great grandmother, Frances Evans; and their great great grandmother, Jane Gibson. Fearful that Allen "will sell them, as slaves without the limits of this commonwealth; as he hath already sold several of the family aforesaid in North Carolina," the petitioners seek "a prohibition ... against Allen and all other persons." They note that "the complainant Charles Evan is now tied and confined to be sent from Richmond, and probably out of the country by the order of Lewis Allen." They include court documents from the freedom suit of their cousin, "Thomas Gibson, alias Mingo Jackson," who "recovered his freedom" from a certain David Ross. Depositions from Richard Wills and John Meriwether provide a vivid oral history of the petitioners' ancestors; a genealogical chart traces the family back to the petitioners' great great great great grandmother, adding two more generations that are not referenced by the petitioners in their petition.
   Result: granted pro confesso
   # of Petition Pages: 2
   Related Documents: PAR #21680401; Answer, Lewis B. Allen, 20 January 1809; Copy of Depositions, Robert Wills, 25 June, 9 July 1791; John Meriwether, 13 November 1790; Copy of Jury Verdicts, April 1792, 4 April 1795; Genealogy of Family of Slaves Claiming their Freedom, ca. 1795
   Pages of Related Documents: 16
   --- 
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Jane Gibson, Upper Congaree Shikora's Timeline

1660
1660
Tidewater / Congaree North Carolina
1685
1685
Age 25
1696
1696
Age 36
1698
1698
Age 38
Granville Co., NC
1700
1700
Age 40
British Colonial America
1710
1710
Age 50
1738
1738
Age 78
Granville, NC, Brit AM Colony