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Jane Jefferson (Randolph)

Also Known As: "Jane Randolph", "Jane Isham Randolph"
Birthplace: London, Middlesex, England (United Kingdom)
Death: March 31, 1776 (56)
Shadwell, Goochland County, Virginia, Colonial America
Place of Burial: Monticello, Albemarle County, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Colonel Isham Randolph and Jane Randolph
Wife of Colonel Peter Jefferson
Mother of Jane Jefferson; Mary Bolling; Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States of America; Elizabeth Jefferson; Martha Carr and 5 others
Sister of Captain Thomas Isham Randolph, Sr.; Judith Randolph; Mary Lewis; William Randolph; Elizabeth "Betty" Railey and 3 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Jane Jefferson

Jane (Randolph) Jefferson (February 9, 1720 – March 31, 1776) was the wife of Peter Jefferson and the mother of US president Thomas Jefferson. Born in the parish of Shadwell, near London, she was the daughter of Isham Randolph, a ship's captain.


From retrieved Dec 2018

Her family moved to Virginia when she was young, though it is unclear from available sources whether she immediately accompanied them or joined them later.

Randolph married Peter Jefferson, a surveyor and minor planter, at her father's plantation, Dungeness, in Virginia in 1739. Shortly afterwards they established a home near Charlottesville, which they named Shadwell, after her London birthplace.

Together, they had the following children:

  1. Jane Jefferson (1740–1765) - close to her brother Thomas, she died unmarried at age 25.
  2. Mary Jefferson Bolling (1741–1817) - her husband John Bolling III served in the Virginia House of Burgesses.
  3. Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), third President of the United States
  4. Elizabeth Jefferson (1744–1774)
  5. Martha Jefferson Carr (1746–1811) - her husband Dabney Carr, Thomas Jefferson's best friend and a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, helped launch the intercolonial Committee of Correspondence in Virginia in March 1773
  6. Peter Field Jefferson (1748) - died as an infant.
  7. Peter Jefferson (1750) - died as an infant.
  8. Lucy Jefferson Lewis (1752–1810)
  9. Anna Scott Jefferson Marks (1755–1828) - twin of Randolph
  10. Randolph Jefferson (1755–1815) - twin of Anna Scott


The first record of Jane's presence in Virginia is her marriage to Peter Jefferson (1708-1757) on October 3, 1739, in Goochland County, probably at Isham's home on the James River, called Dungeness. There is no evidence that Jane brought any land or servants to the marriage. Isham provided her a dowry of £200 but it was not paid until his death, three years later, from the proceeds of his estate.

Jane bore ten children with Peter:

  1. Jane (1740),
  2. Mary (1741),
  3. Thomas (1743),
  4. Elizabeth (1744),
  5. Martha (1746),
  6. Peter Field (1748),
  7. an unnamed son (1750),
  8. Lucy (1752), and
  9. a set of twins, Anna Scott and
  10. Randolph (1755).


Jane Randolph Jefferson-Grave site

Very little is known about her. it is said that Peter Jefferson named his plantation "Shadwell" after the English parish in which Jane had been christened. Her grandaughter-Ellen Randolph Coolidge wrote of her grandmother that she "mild & peaceful by nature, a person of sweet temper & gentle manners".

Photo dated 1984: Jane Randolph Jefferson-Grave site

Thomas Jefferson - Monticello: Jane Randolph Jefferson

The paucity of sources leaves a number of outstanding questions about Jane, such as whether she accompanied her family to Virginia or joined them later (no evidence exists either way) and whether she died at Monticello rather than at Shadwell (her late-nineteenth century tombstone states the former). Certainly, any attempt to recover the real Jane Jefferson has been concealed by fanciful assumptions about the kind of person she was. That her family was of modest means, at best, and not aristocratic in any sense of the word, appears clear. The family accounts reveal that she husbanded her family's resources with a level of care, skill, and prudence that may have chafed her oldest son's spending inclinations yet which also kept the family out of debt, a considerable achievement in eighteenth-century Virginia.

Jefferson's mother was a member of the Randolph family, which was an influential one in colonial society. The first Randolph to come to America, William Randolph, was born in 1650 in Warwickshire, England. He apparently followed his uncle, Henry Randolph, to the new world, some time before 1672. In 1674 he obtained his first land patent, and soon thereafter married Mary Isham, a wealthy widow and daughter of Henry Isham of Northamptonshire. William Randolph was a merchant and tobacco planter; he also served in the Virginia House of Burgesses and held the post of Attorney General of the colony.


Jane Jefferson (Randolph)

Find A Grave Memorial ID # 6531111

Jane Jefferson (Randolph) -

Jane Randolph Jefferson (February 10, 1720 – March 31, 1776)[a] was the wife of Peter Jefferson and the mother of US president Thomas Jefferson. Born in the parish of Shadwell, near London, she was the daughter of Isham Randolph, a ship's captain and a planter. Jefferson was proud of her heritage and brought customs of aristocracy to her family. Jefferson was revered within her family's household and positively influenced her son, Thomas Jefferson.


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Jane Jefferson's Timeline

February 9, 1720
London, Middlesex, England (United Kingdom)
February 20, 1720
St. Paul's Church, Shadwell, London, England
February 20, 1720
Shadwell, London
July 27, 1740
Shadwell, Albemarle County, Province of Virginia, Colonial America
October 1, 1741
Shadwell Plantation, Goochland County, Virginia, British Colonial America
April 13, 1743
Shadwell Plantation, Goochland, now Albemarle, County, Colony of Virginia, British America
November 4, 1744
Shadwell, Albemarle County, Province of Virginia, Colonial America
May 29, 1746
Albemarle USA, Shadwell, Albemarle County, Virginia, United States
October 16, 1748
Shadwell, Albemarle County, Virginia, Colonial America