Jane Sarah Doudy (Stanes)

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Jane Sarah Doudy (Stanes)

Birthdate:
Birthplace: S Square, Camden Town, Greater London, UK
Death: August 17, 1932 (85)
Port Lincoln, SA, Australia
Immediate Family:

Daughter of HENRY JAMES STANES and Anne Stanes
Wife of Henry Alfred Doudy
Mother of Cecil Roy Doudy
Sister of HENRY JAMES STANES; Frederick Pearson Stanes; Edgar William Stanes; Arthur Minchin Stanes and Arthur Roy Stanes
Half sister of Amelia Anne Devenish (Thomas)

Occupation: Teacher; 1874 first Infant School mistress, Grote Street Infant Model School, headmistress Grote Street Model School Girls' department, 879-1880 first headmistress, Advanced School for Girls, Franklin Street; novelist
Managed by: Private User
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About Jane Sarah Doudy (Stanes)

CHAPTER AUSTRALIAN STANES - FIRST GENERATION

NAME.........JANE SARAH DOUDY nee STANES (Jeanne)

PARENTS..... .Henry James and Anne Stanes nee Thomas nee Smith BORN....... . .September28th 1846 Wakefield St, Regent'sSq, London MARRIED...... June 25th 1881, Mt Gambier, SA OCCUPATION.. .Teacher RELIGION.... .Congregational DIED......... August 7th 1932 at Pt Lincoln, SA RESIDENCE.... North Adelaide, various, Mt Barker SA SPOUSE...... .HENRY ALFRED DOUDY BORN......... August 19th 1849, Peachey Belt, Gawler River, SA DIED......... 24th August 1931 at Pt Lincoln, SA OCCUPATION...Farmer, Police Trooper, Stock Inspector RESIDENCE... .Mt Gambier, Kingston, Robe, Farina. Mount Barker, SA RELIGION.... Catholic CHILDREN..... 1882-1955 CECIL ROY __________________________________________________________________

   JANE SARAH was the first child born to Henry and Anne Stanes  when they were living at 3 Wakefield St, Regent's Sq, London.   By the time the family arrived in South Australia Jane was almost 3 years old. The family were living at The Parade in Norwood in February 1851  when her 2nd brother, Frederick was born. This was possibly the year her father went to the Victorian goldfields and the following year he had returned and moved to Pennington Terrace, North Adelaide. In her book "Growing Towards The Light" in which she paints a vivid picture of the family's life in the new Colony, Jane wrote of the school "North Adelaide Academy for Young Ladies" and says she attended at the age of 7 years. 

The family were still relatively financial after Henry's venture into the goldfields so would have been able to afford the fees. But by 1855 when Jane was 9 years old, money became scarce and the fees could not be met. The move to the cheaper area of Kermode Street was made. In the following time her father tutored his children whenever his health permitted and Jane was an eager student. She wrote of her struggle to further her education and of teaching herself how to play the piano on a piece of wood marked as a keyboard. She also loved drawing whenever she had paper. She was to become a competent and imaginative artist, a pianist and contralto singer, teacher and writer. The gift of a piano from her Great Aunt Janet in c1860's, was a priceless gift for Jane.

   In those early days the North Adelaide area was almost rural.  The Pennington Gardens and Parklands were to the south, towards the  River Torrens, and on the area at the east corner of Pennington Terrace, was  

land known as Church Acre. It was then a playground for the children, but later was where St Peter's Cathedral was built. The Quakers had a commune on the Terrace close by this land, and which went through to Kermode Street where on a western corner, was the Queen's Head Hotel which played a significant part in Jane's writings, and possibly was a reason for Jane's strong aversion alcohol. There was no Congregational church in North Adelaide until 1861, when one was built on the corner of Brougham Place and Stanley Street. Till then the family attended at the Anglican church in Brougham Place. But Jane followed her father's faith and later became a teacher at a Congregational Sunday School in North Adelaide. When she resigned her class presented her with a book "Bogatsky's Golden Treasury for the Children of God". I now have it. She was not quite 15 years old when in 1861 she decided she could assist the family's finances by opening a kindergarten in their home, a bold venture for a such a young girl. Her school was so successful it had to be moved to larger premises. Just how her Great Aunt Janet was informed of Jane's efforts to teach herself to play the piano on a piece of wood marked with the notes, is unknown, but she did learn and bought and shipped a beautiful piano to Adelaide for Jane. It was on this piano which had such a lovely tone I also learnt to play, but sadly had no talent. I brought the piano to Albany when we moved here in 1965.

    Jane continued with her own studies and succeeded in  passing the Board of Education's examinations and by 1872 qualified as a certified  teacher.   In that year there were only 163 certified  teachers in the State 136 males and 27 females. Of these 27, Jane was one when twenty six years old.   A laudable achievement in those  times, especially in Jane's circumstances. She never ceased her studies and in 1881, when  women were first admitted to the Adelaide University she mastered  the French and German languages. Later in 1887 she received from the Adelaide University  the book  "A Thousand and One Gems of English Poetry" by Charles MacKay LLD, as the second prize for  English Literature and Moral Philosophy. Her books in my possession show her breadth of knowledge and the range of her reading.  
   In her own book she writes of singing at Government House, and she may have done so, as she possessed a lovely contralto voice  and was a well known person in the literacy circles of Adelaide. I have her autograph book with many well known names including  Melbourne and Sydney addresses. I also have a programme dated March 22nd 1870 when she sang in St Peter's Hall in Glenelg at the "Concert of Sacred Music" held in aid of the Congregational Church.  She sang the song "Treasures of the Deep", and I have the large album of songs which includes this. 
  
In 1872, the S A Board of Education was given approval to open the Model Schools for the Advancement of Young Ladies, after  twelve years of urgent representations.  The school buildings in Grote St were completed in 1873 with room for 600 students.  The Education Board advertised for  "Teachers holding 1st Class Certificates, and of  equitable age and acquirements".   They accepted 20 from  Victoria, 10 from  New 

south Wales, and 4 from South Australia. There were 12 candidates for the headmistress position of the Infant Section, but Jane, now aged 27 years, was selected:

   On January 26th 1874 the Grote Street Model Schools were officially opened and Jane was the only qualified teacher at the Infant School but it also had three pupil teachers.   The South Australian Education Act of 1875 was passed which made primary school education compulsory.
   Jane maintained her studies and in 1876 she is listed as holding a  Teaching Certificate at the level IIA, the highest listed. In 1877 she was  appointed the headmistress of the Girls  Section of Model Schools.  

Unfortunately she became seriously ill this year possibly from working too hard, and as well, her father had died in July. She was forced to take sick leave. In June 1878, and now thirty two years old, she was awarded a "First Class Certificate for Teaching", and also her pupils had gained the highest per centage of marks in the State.

   The following year, on October 7th 1879, the  "Advanced School for Girls" in  Franklin Street was opened  and Jane was appointed as headmistress. Although a small school, it was reported as doing well.  But unfortunately in December 1879  Jane once again became ill and she was still not well in early 1880  when her brother Arthur died on February 29th.  Her assistant mistress Edith Cook took over the school, but unofficially as she was only nineteen years old.  She was a former pupil of Jane's and became a life long friend.  In later years Edith married Mr Hibbie and  her daughter Rita became one of South Australia's early 

women doctors. In 1936, I visited with them for a long weekend while attending Girton College.

    During her convalescence Jane travelled to Pt MacDonnell probably with her friend  Helena (Nell) Doudy who would be visiting her brother Henry, a Police Trooper stationed there.   This was not the first time Jane had met Henry as in her autograph book is his signature (undated) but no later than 1876 and possibly well before then. It was while she was  staying with Nell  that Jane became  engaged to Henry, a six foot three Trooper. Jane five foot two inches. Upon her return to Adelaide, she tendered her resignation to the Education Board and it was accepted from June 30th 1880. In 1881 Jane still was the only woman in South Australia to have a First Class Teaching Certificate.  
  Although Jane was a Congregationist and Henry a Roman Catholic, religion was never a problem in their long and happy marriage.   In June 1881 Jane travelled to Mount Gambier and she and Henry were married at the Presbyterian Manse on June 25th by the somewhat infamous Rev Caldwell.  The witnesses were Henry's sister Nell and Albert Varley , Civil Service clerk.  In later years Jane wrote an rather humorous story of  an event during her journey to Mount Gambier about English Princes.   
   Some 14 months later at Pt MacDonnell Jane and Henry's only child, was born on August 11th 1882 and named Cecil Roy. Jane was then almost 36 years old. The following year Henry was transferred to Kingston and he remained for there for thirteen years. In May 1896 he was transferred to Naracoorte, and on the day the family arrived there May 10th an earth tremor occurred and created a lot excitement and work for Henry.   

On July 8th 1897, Henry received his promotion and he passed his Corporal's examination. Previous to this he had begun studying veterinary science probably because he already held the position of Temporary Inspector of Stock. He passed this exam with credit in 1897 and applied for a transfer to the Stock & Brands Department. He was then stationed at Farina and put in charge of that huge northern district. Late 1901 he was appointed to the southern districts and stationed at Mount Barker where he remained until he retired, gaining several promotions.

   He retired in June 1921, aged 72 years but still  hale health wise. He and Jane continued to live at Rosegate Cottage, 2 Exhibition Street Mt Barker until 1928 when they went to live in Port Lincoln with their son Cecil Roy, now a solicitor & barrister, and his family. Henry died on August 24th 1931 at the age of 82 years and Jane died on August 7th 1932 aged 86 years.   Both are buried in the  Happy Valley Cemetery in Port Lincoln.  
    Jane Sarah or Jeanne as she preferred to be called , continued her studies and writing after her marriage.   Both she and Henry had great respect for each other's intellectual ability and both were avid readers.  Jeanne encouraged Henry to persevere with his studies for promotion in the Police Force.  She wrote numerous articles mainly in support of the Temperance Union and  Women's Suffrage campaign.   The S A Archives have records of these articles under her name. She also wrote two novels "Growing Towards The Light" using her early family life and in aid of the Temperance Campaign. The "Magic of Dawn" is of early Adelaide history and based on Captain Charles Sturt explorations of 1839 to the north along the River Murray from Adelaide, and  from a book by Eliza Davies nee Arbuckle, published in 1881 in the USA. An article in the Adelaide Register by A T Saunders, reviews the book Magic of Dawn. 

Published in the newspapers "Register" and Advertiser" 7.4.1925: Sir Edward Lucas, Agent-General for South Australia) has received the following letter:

                      At St James' Palace, February 25th 1925.
  Sir,
     The copy of Mrs Doudy's book, "Magic of Dawn", has been laid be  fore the Prince of Wales, who desires me to convey to Mrs Doudy his    sincere thanks for her kind thought.
            Your faithfully. A. Lascelles, Assistant Prive Secretary.
                      <nowiki>--------------------------</nowiki>
   "Magic of Dawn" was given a place in the Australian Literature   Exhibit ay Wembley.  Since then the authorities in the Mitchell   Library, Sydney, have included it in their collection of books   relating to Australia.
                                C. M. R. DUMAS                       
   Jane also wrote other articles for the Adelaide Register under the pseudonym of "Yakunga" and labeled "A Country Police Station.  Experiences of Long Ago by Yakunga".   These were published by The Register 

in the 1920's. The editor was Evan Kyffin Thomas, who was distantly related to Jane (as a Stanes) through the Skipper family.

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Jane Sarah Doudy (Stanes)'s Timeline

1846
September 28, 1846
S Square, Camden Town, Greater London, UK
1882
August 11, 1882
Port Macdonnell, South Australia, Australia
1932
August 17, 1932
Age 85
Port Lincoln, SA, Australia