Matching family tree profiles for Jean-Baptiste Shuemake
About Jean-Baptiste Shuemake
Ben notes: A lot of passages from the book "The Shumate Line of Descent and Migration from Fauquier Co., Virginia, to Pittsylvania and Henry Counties, Virginia and Rockingham and Wilkes Counties, North Carolina " written by Friedrich von Stauffenberg in 1964, can be found online: http://gedcom.surnames.com/burgess_jim/np151.htm
Among these passages were:
The family name de la Chaumette is of old French origin, and one which is almost entirely indigenous to the provinces of Poitou, Saintonge, La Marche, Angoumois, and Limosin - which regions comprising most of ancient Aquitaine, are crossed by the low plateaus known in France as Le Chaumes- the [straw] roofs, or.... barren (what stubble) heights.... In Gallic, the name CALMIS means "high denuded plain". The French CHAUME and the diminutive - Chaumette, pronounced CHAU as SHOW, means "from (born on) the little high denuded plain". (von Stauffenberg, Theodor-Friedrich, The Shumate Family, a genealogy )
With the move to America, the name was Anglicized and the "de la" was dropped and became Shumate.
The de la Chaumettes were French Huguenots, protestants in a Catholic country, and lived in the southern part of France. The Huguenots followed the teachings of John Calvin who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation which began in the early 1500's. His followers criticized the old order on the basis of scripture, not as interpeted by the Church, but by each man who read the scriptures. (Brewer, Suzette, "Huguenots Finding Each Other", Section B-1, The Concord Monitor, Concord, NH 29 September 1994)
Around 1559, the first national synod was convened and they formed their own church. Prior to this, many had already fled to Germany and Switzerland because of the persecution. No one knows for sure where the term Huguenot came from. Most of the Huguenots belonged to the bourgeosie. They were town dwellers engaged in skilled crafts, business, and commerce.
There were several religious wars that climaxed in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre on August 24, 1572, in Paris and continued throughout France. Huguenots had no right to exist and as non-catholics could not leave the country. Their lives were pretty miserable. Huguenot marriages were declared null and void, preachers were imprisoned and children were denied the right to their inheritances.
Approximately 500,000 (half of the Huguenots) managed to escape from France. Many went to England, the West Indies, America, Holland, Switzerland, Germany, and even South Africa. The two largest groups to come to America settled in Massachusetts, New York, and Virginia. Several pilgrims aboard the Mayflower were Huguenots. Among well-known Huguenot descendants in America are the following: John Jay, President of the Continental Congress, poets Longfellow and Whittier, Paul Revere, General Pershing and 21 U. S. Presidents.
Jean de la Chaumette, our ancestor, was born about 1660 and died about 1728. Jean fled France probably under cover of darkness and, went to England.
The extracts of marriages in the Register of the French Huguenot Church that was located on Threadneedle Street in London, England, show that Jean was a widower and his second wife was Elizabeth (Bougeois) Bouvet, was a native of Paris.
The extracts of marriages of the old French Huguenot Church of Threadneedle Street of London, England done by The Huguenot Society of London, shows the following: 1695 De La Chaumette, Jean, natif de Rouchouard en Poitou, veuf Elizabeth Bourgeois, native de Paris, veuve de Henry Bouvet. Sept. 29
Translated to English, it reads: 1695 De La Chaumette, Jean, a native of Rouchouard in Poitou, a widower; Elizabeth Bourgeois, a native of Paris, the widow of Henry Bouvet. Sept. 29
Jean then left England and went to Martinique. After establishing a plantation in Martinique, Jean left his son Antoine in charge and left for America about 1720 with his three sons: John, Samuel, and Daniel. He settled in Stafford Co., VA, near his friend Mark Hardouin.
In 1723, he purchased land on Elk Run in Stafford, VA, from William Allen, and raised tobacco. (Stafford County Deed Book 1722-1728, p. 49)
The following children of Jean de la Chaumette have been identified: 1. Antoine de la Chaumette born about 1705 2. John (de la Chaumette) Shumate born about 1707 died 1784 3. Samuel (de la Chaumette) Shumate born about 1710 died before 1790 4. Daniel (de la Chaumette) Shumate born about 1712 died 1770-1780
Antoine stayed on the Island of Martinique; John stayed in Fauquier Co., VA; Samuel was born 1710 moved to the Cheraw District of South Carolina where he appears on the 1790 Federal Census, and Daniel went to South Carolina and later returned to Fauquier County, VA, but there is very little documentation regarding his children or activities.
The Stafford Co., VA, tithable lists (Vogt and Kathley, Stafford Co., VA, tithables 1723-1790, Volume I) show the following: Page 13. Stafford County, Virginia Quit Rent Roll for 1723 John de la Shoemake 200 acres Page 27. Tobacco Plants John Shumate 1 tithable 7372 Samuel Shumate 14 years Daniel Shumate 12 years John Shumate, Jr. 1 tithable 4120 Page 71. Stork, Jeremiah (of William Shomate) 130 acres This William is not accounted for in the Shumate histories, except in Edith Hampton Gibson's chart. (Smith, Edith Hampton Gibson, Descendancy Chart dated November 1971) Page 131. John Showmake - 1722 - Elk Run, near Coale Spring John Showmake - 1722-23 - Elk Run and Marr's Run Page 156. John Showmake - Elk Run and Marrs Run Records show that in 1783, John, Jr., was taxed on 200 acres; Daniel, John's brother, for 43 acres.
Daniel was in possession of 43 acres until 1796, then 38 acres until 1809 when he died. von Stauffenberg shows that Jean de la Chaumette (John dilaShomat) had three sons -- John Shumate, born circa 1703; Samuel Shumate born circa 1714, and Daniel Shumate born circa 1716.
A Descendant Tree Chart done in 1971, shows the following: "The information on this chart has been documented by extensive research . . ." (that) Samuel de la Shumate, born in France, land grant in Virginia in 1739, had three sons -- John (de la) Shumate, Daniel Shumate, and William Shumate".
The Delashmets, Delashmits, Delashmut's were descendants of Pierre de la Chaumette (OUR ANCESTOR) who emigrated to Gloucester County, New Jersey. All others are believed to be descendants of Jean de la Chaumette.
Jean did not leave a Will, at least none that has been found. Riley includes the following from a letter written to him by Bill Coburn, 304 William St., Narrows, VA, dated 19 December 1979, "My wife and I . . . visited with a life-long resident of Elk Run . . . and he told us that Jean was in the tavern one night when a highwayman came in [and] demanded money; Jean refused so the highwayman killed him with one of those large keys (door) that were used in those days."
Perhaps his untimely death is the reason we have not found a Will.
Mark Hardin left a will that can be found in Prince William Co., VA, Will Book C, p. 36-38. He named his wife Mary; sons John, Martin, Mark and Henry; and daughters Martha, Abigail, Mary, Ann, Elizabeth, and Alice. Signing as witnesses were Daniel Shumate and Judith Shumate. Judith was wife of John Shumate, Jr., and Daniel Shumate was his brother.
Also, excerpts from "Our Shoemake Roots" provide further passages on Jean de La Chaumette:
On 26 August 1681 an official list was drawn up of those who were worshipping in Rochechouart. Clovis Palazy, pastor, and Pierre de la Chaumette, apothecary, were named along with 41 others, seven of whom were de la Chaumettes.
On 20 October 1684 the Edict of Nantes was revoked, resulting in renewed persecution of the Huguenots. Some paid the price of renouncing their faith for the right to remain in their homes. Others chose exile.
Pastor Clovis Palazy left for England with a little group in which there were three brothers, members of the de la Chaumette family" [Including our Jean de la Chaumette...also this explains why he was married in London].
The French Church of London, earlier called Old French Church, Walloon Church of the London on Threadneedle Street, was founded in 1550 and was Calvinist until the 19th century. It did not consider itself a Huguenot refugee church in origin and held itself aloof from other French congregations.
In 1689 King William III of England (Stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands) brought in the Toleration Act and the non-conforming churches grew in number. In London there were more conformist French churches in 1690 but by 1700 it was the Calvinist congregations that were more numerous.
The Threadneedle Street Parish Register has an entry for the marriage of Jean de la Chaumette, native of Rochechouart, widower, married Elizabeth Bourgeois Bovet, native of Paris, widow Henry Bovet on 29 September 1695. This entry for Jean de la Chaumette confirms that our ancestor was part of the group that moved from London.
Not much is known of his time in Martinique, other than a few of his children were born on the island.
Jean is next seen in Stafford County Virginia with his three sons, Daniel, John, and Samuel.
Jean leased 200 acres from William Allen of Overwharton Parish on 9 October 1723. He was then dwelling on that land. "Beginning at the mouth of a branch of Elk Run which divides the land that William Hogan lives on and the land of Jean (spelled there as John Dilasumate) and extending thence north 72 degrees, east 211 poles to a white oak thence north 30 degrees, east 204 poles to three white oaks, thence along the line which divides the land of Joseph Allen and the said Dilasumate, southwesterly 480 poles to Elk Run, thence along the said run to the beginning"
The lease period was 99 years and the payment yearly to William Allen and his heirs was one ear of Indian corn, "only if the same be demanded and also the rents and services which shall become due to the chief Lord or Lords of the fee or fees of the premises"
Ste Stafford County Rent Roll of 1723 lists that rent was "not demanded" The Register of Overwharton Parish was copied by George HS King in 1961. Included among the "Tenders of Tobacco" were John Shumate 7,372 plants, Samuel Shumate age 14, Daniel Shumate age 12, and John Shumate, Jr. 4,120 plants.
Elk Run was taken in by Prince William County from Stafford County in 1730. In 1732 a group of turbulent planters revolted against the tobacco laws. Jean (listed there as John Shuemack) was among the petitioners who asked for a pardon for their offenses in the uprising.
Legend of Jean's death- Shortly after Jean and his three sons arrived at Elk Run, he bought a tavern, the site of which is said to be in the rear and adjacent to the present store building at Elk Run. One night Jean was alone in the tavern when a highwayman came in and demanded money. Jean refused and the highway man killed him.
And from the Shuemake Journal: http://www.shuemake.org/introduction2.htm
A Historical Note
The tax extract of the Overwharton Parish Register on Pages 34 and -37, Appendix C, confirms the Immigrants Jean de la Chaumette; John Shumate [I] and his sons John [II], Samuel [I], and Daniel [I] were residents of Stafford County circa 1724.
As von Stauffenberg has pointed out on Page 11 of his book, the age for majority in those days was sixteen (16). Since John [II]'s name is listed separately in the tax list, he apparently had just reached age 16 in 1724, indicating he was born in the year 1708. As Jean's sons Samuel [I] and Daniel [I] are listed with their father in the tax extract as minors with ages 14 and 12 respectively, the years of their birth were obviously 1710 and 1712.
Further, in addition to identifying John Shumate [I] and his three sons, the tax extract establishes their presence in Overwharton Parish, which included the Elk Run sector of Stafford County in 1724. And, still another document establishing John Shumate [I]'s presence in the county is the indenture of 1723 which shows he purchased 200 acres of land from William Allen, who was an early settler there (See Indenture, Deed Book 1722-1728, Pages 49-51, Stafford County).
Considering the probable year of birth of Jean de la Chaumette as 1660, when analyzing the births and baptisms of the other children of Daniel and Marie (Aucouturier) de la Chaumette as entered in the Second Register of Baptisms and Marriages of the Protestant Church of Rochechouart, he was approximately 63 years of age when he bought the 200 acres of land from William Allen in 1723.
Thus, assuming T.F. von Stauffenberg is correct as he wrote in Pages 12 and 13 of his book, Jean de la Chaumette [I] probably died sometime in the period 1725-1729.
Also, as he stated, the Stafford County Will Books for the period 1709-1729 have not survived. Therefore, if he prepared his Will and it was recorded in a Will Book of this period, there is no longer a trace of it to be found.
On the other hand, if one gives credence to the story as passed by the late Mr. William (Bill) Coburn on Page 34 that Jean de la Chaumette was killed by a highwayman (robber) at the tavern of Mark Hardin in 1728, then he died unexpectantly and thereby did not have time to prepare his Will in anticipation of death.
Jean's second and fourth sons, John [II] and Daniel [I], continued to reside in Fauquier and Prince William Counties throughout the remainder of their lives. John [II] left his Will dated 19 May 1783 in Fauquier County in which he identified his wife and children.
However, a Will cannot be found for Daniel [I] in the records of Fauquier or Prince William Counties. As a consequence, there is considerable controversy about who were the descendants of Daniel [I].
The writer would like to bring to the attention of the reader the deed made on 22 October 1770 between Daniel dela Shumate and his wife Mary of the first part and John dela Shumate of the other part in which Daniel [I] passed his share of the land inherited from their father (100 acres) to his brother (See copy, Deed Book 4, Pages 128-130, Fauquier County, which can be found in Appendix C). In this deed, Daniel [I] and wife Mary are clearly identified as being residents of Prince William County and Colony of Virginia in 1770 whereas John [II] is identified being a resident of Fauquier County.
With regard to Samuel I, the third son, T.F. von Stauffenberg wrote that he married Lucy Blackwell circa 1730-31 (Pages 14-16, The Shumate Family) and that Lucy was a native of Stafford County and was born in 1714. She was a daughter of Captain Samuel Blackwell and his wife, Mary Downing (Hudnall), who had lived previously in Northumberland County.
Von Stauffenberg continued by writing that a deed dated in 1736 was issued in Northumberland County whereby Captain Samuel Blackwell's land was inventoried and a parcel of 100 acres was recorded as belonging to Samuel dilla Chomett. Further, he goes on to relate that a planters' revolt occurred in Stafford County in 1732 against the Virginia Colony's tobacco laws and that John Shuemack and others acknowledged their participation in the uprising and prayed for pardon of the same. Von Stauffenberg infers that Samuel [I] may have also participated in the uprising and, if true, it may explain his quick departure from Elk Run, Stafford County, and his migration to South Carolina.
The writer prefers not to believe he would have fled the Virginia for this reason. Instead, Samuel Shumate [I] and his family probably made a conscious decision on their own without a compelling need to escape the Virginia authorities to relocate to South Carolina. He may or may not have been a participant in the tobacco revolt.
ISSUE OF JEAN DE LA CHAUMETTE [I] (OR JOHN DELA SHUMATE [I]), THE IMMIGRANT FATHER, AND ELIZABETH (BOURGEOIS-BOUVET), HIS SECOND WIFE.
1. ANTOINE DE LA CHAUMETTE.
He was born circa 1705 in England or on the Island of Martinique; the date of his death date is unknown. He remained on Martinique, and there is no further record of him.
2. JOHN DELA SHUMATE [II], IMMIGRANT SON.
He was born circa 1707 in England or on Martinique and died in 1784. He married Judith Bailey circa 1728. John Shumate [II] and his descendents through the fifth generation are discussed in some detail in Chapter 3.
3. SAMUEL DELA SHUMATE [I], IMMIGRANT SON.
He was probably born circa 1710 in England or on the Island of Martinique.
He married Lucy Blackwell circa 1732 in Stafford County, Virginia, and moved to South Carolina in the mid-1730s. (Some have reported Lucy's name as being Blackla)
Samuel died sometime prior to 1790, and his wife Lucy died between 1790 and 1800 (See the 1790 Federal Census of Cheraw District, South Carolina). The issue of Samuel [I] and his wife Lucy numbered at least four sons and three daughters.
And lastly from Dennis B. von Ting's family tree: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=dting&id=I664
Jean de la Chaumette, the Huguenot immigrant to America was born about 1664. He was a native of Rochechouart (often spelled "Rochouard" in early records), Province of Poitou. On the modern day map of France, Rochechouart appears as a community of 3952 inhabitants, located some 42 kilometers east of Saint Junien on the route leading through Chalus to Limoges at the junction of the Craine and Vayres Rivers.
In the autumn of 1681, Jean de la Chaumette, who was about 21 years old, two of his brothers, and the Pastor of the Reformed Church at Rochechouart, Clovis Palasy, fled their homeland and escaped to England.
Jean, apparently, along the way or in England, married his first wife, whose name is unknown. They had no known children. There is no record for Jean de la Chaumette for the period September 1681 to September 1695, and considering he and Marc Hardouin were strong advocates of the Protestant Faith, there is the belief that both may have served together in the English army.
It was about this time, that members of the Hardouin-Ardouin families escaped to England and Ireland. Certainly these two formed a long and lasting friendship that bound the two families together for generations. Their names appearing together in the records of Protestant settlements in England, Martinique and America.
It is certainly possibly that Jean served in the British Army under William of Orange, who became William III of England, along with Antoine Daniel de la Chaumette, who is listed as serving in a Huguenot regiment. King William led the British and the Protestants of Ulster to victory in Ireland at the Battle of the Boyne at Drogheda in 1690.
On September 29,1695, Jean de la Chaumette, widower, married a widow, Elizabeth Bourgeois Bouvet, in the French Huguenot Church, which was located on Threadneedle St. in London, England. The children of this union were born between 1705 and 1714. The time frame between Jean and Elizabeth's marriage and their first child may indicate to us that Jean served in the army for a time after their marriage.
In 1708, Jean de la Chaumette and other well-to-do, French Huguenots sailed to the West Indies, where they remained for several years. After an epidemic struck and caused the death of Elizabeth, Jean with his three young sons - John II, Samuel, and Daniel - left Martinique, to seek his fortune on the mainland. Jean left the homestead he had purchased on Martinique, in the hands of his eldest son, Antoine. A tombstone inscription on Martinique, recorded by Stephen Oliver in his book Monumental Incriptions of French Martinique, relates the death of Elizabeth de la Chaumette.
Jean de la Chaumette arrived in Isle of Wight County, Virginia to find that his brother, Arnoul, had been dead almost 20 years--and that land was pretty settled. Jean with his three sons, headed Westward to more hospitable land.
In passing through Westmoreland Co., VA, he found Mark Hardouin, a Norman Emigrant, who owned an orginary, an inn or tavern, in Stafford Co., VA, near where Germantown trail crossed Elks Run.
The Hardouins (also spelled Hardin) were well-to-do. It was through Mark Hardin, in 1723, that Jean bought some choice bottom land along Elk Run from the biggest landowner in the area, William Allen of Overwharton Parish in the County of Stafford. The deed is recorded in Stafford Co., VA, deed book. He bought 200 acres of land, which was an indication that John Shumate I, (as we will hereafter call him), was more than moderately wealthy.
It is believed John I, died around 1728, just before or after his son, John II married Judith Bailey.
It has been said John I was killed by a blow in the head by a highwayman wielding the large door key of Marc Hardouin's tavern. When the tavern was demolished some years later, the workmen pulled up the treadle on one of the steps, there was Spanish money galore.
No will for John I, has been found, which may indicate to us that he had not anticipated his death to be so soon. However, it is possible that he had made a will, the Stafford Co., Will Books for the years between 1709 and 1729 are missing.
With continuing research, and help from others we have been able to add additional families, and their informaton. Every attempt has been made to correct and amend where new information has been provided. Where we have failed, please forgive us. No oversight or error was intended. We hope that someone in the future generations will pickup and carry on our work.
Hazel Payne Miley LeBlanc --- Descendant of Daniel Shumate
Contributors of additional information:
Descendants of Daniel Shumate: Mary Elizabeth Shumate Ball, Joe Mac Shumate
Descendants of John Shumate: Judy Bumgardner Bruce
Descendants of Samuel Shumate/Shoemake: Jeanne Waters Strong
This was his 2nd marriage. He was a tobacco former and tavern owner.
Marriage 1 Elizabeth BOURGEOIS b: 1672 in Paris, France
Married: 29 SEP 1695 in Threadneddle, London, England, UK 5 7 9 10 3 4
1. Samuel SHUMATE b: in ,,Martinique, French West Indies
2. John SHUMATE b: in ,London, England, UK
3. Antione DE LA CHAUMETTE b: BET. 1702 - 1705 in ,London, England, UK
4. Daniel SHUMATE b: 1712 in ,,Martinique, French West Indies
From Beverly Brunelle, through the Shuemake Journal, by Harring Dean Shuemake: http://www.shuemake.org/Jean%20de%20la%20Chaumette.htm
"Our member Anthony Garland Tackett, a resident of Lancashire, England, secured our earliest record showing "Louis Taquet." This was in a 1686-87 list in the Huguenot Library in London, England, of Huguenots for whom passage was paid to Virginia by Englishman Nicholas Hayward. Included on this list were the family of Louis Reynaud (Reno), Jean de la Chaumette (Shumate), Michel Mauri, Marquis Calmes, Pierre Disboteau & Jean Mairac. We could not fully decipher the other names."
This is from another site:
LOUIS REYNAUD - Born about 1630 and died in England:
A bounty award from the English crown dated September 8, 1687 reads
"To severall ye intended for ye West Indies" ... "To Lewis Reynaud of Angoumois, his wife and eight children for tools and others necessaries things to go to Virginia" granted 8 pounds; and "To Nichlos Hayward notary for ye passage to Virginia of Lewis Reynaud, Anne his wife, Francis, Lewis, Mary and Sara Reynaud their children, and Benjamin Reynaud, Mary his wife, Marianne and Mary their children, and John de la Chaumette" granted 33 pounds. And "To Lewis Reynaud and his family for supply" granted 2 pounds.
"On March 25, 1688, effective March 31, 1688, denization was granted to Lewis Reynaud, Ann his wife, and Lewis and Sara their children, and also to Benjamin Reynaud and Mary his wife. The omission from this Letter of Denization of six children of Lewis Reynaud and two children of Benjamin Reynaud who were mentioned in the Bounty Papers might be explained by the possibility that these children were over 21 years of age when the denization was granted
(The Reno Family, by William L. Reno, Jr.; Huguenot Society of London Publ., Quarto Series, Vol. XVIII - Letters of Denization and Acts of Naturalization for Aliens in England and Ireland, 1603-1700, pp. 204-209).
"The following confirmation of Louis' letter of Denization by Nicholas Hayward is found in Stafford County records for October 2-3, 1688
(Stafford County Court Records 1686-1693/4, p.95, Virginia State Library, microfilm 7a)
"A similar letter was found for his brother Benjamin: "I Nicholas Hayward Notary and Tabellion Publick dwelling in London Admitted and Sworne doe hereby Certifie and attest unto all whom it may concern that I have seen and perused certain Letters Patent of Denization Granted by our Soveraigne Lord King James ye second under ye broad seal of England Dated ye 31 day of March in ye fourth year of his said Majestys Reign wherein amongst others is inserted ye name of Lewis Reynaud, Anne his wife, Lewis and Sarah their children who though born beyond seas are made his Majestys Leige Subjects and to be held reputed and taken as born in this Kingdom of England and may as such purchase buy sell and dispose of lands tenements and hereditaments in this Kingdom or any other of his Majestys dominions as freely peaceably and Entirely as any Subject born in this Kingdom and if ye said Lewis Reynaud Anne his wife and Lewis and Sarah their children by virtue of ye said Letters Patent are to pay Customs and Duties for their goods only as natives doe or ought to doe and to Enjoy all Liberties Privileges and Franchises of Subjects born in this Kingdom without any disturbance Impediment or molestation as by said Patent relacon being thereunto had may more at large appear of all which act being required of me ye said Notary I have Granted these presents to serve and avail ye said Lewis Reynaud Anne his wife Lewis and Sarah their children in tyme and place convenient. London ye 5th of April 1688. In testimonium Veritatis Signo meo Manual Solito signavi et tabellionatus mei Sigillum apposui Rogatus. [signed]
"Nicholas Hayward, Notary Public." Recorded in ye County Court Records of Stafford this 2nd day of October 1688 per me, James Hearse Dept. Cl. Curr Staffd.
"On the same page of Stafford County records Lewis and Benjamin record the brands that they will use for their livestock.
"The greatest influx of Huguenots to Virginia occurred later, in 1700, when four ships brought French Huguenots to Manakin Town in Virginia. Among the names arriving at that colony was Lewis and Benjamin's other brother, Pierre: "Pierre Reynaud, landed at the James River on September 20, 1700, from the ship 'Peter & Anthony', Danial Pearrey, Capt.". This was the second of three ships carrying Huguenots to Manakin Town in 1700. The Peter & Anthony carried 170 passengers and took 13 weeks to cross the Atlantic. It is known that Pierre Reynaud returned to Europe where he eventually died, and he probably made more than one trip to Virginia.
"Louis and and his wife, Anne de la Croix, are known to have attended the baptism of Anne Flauhaut at Canterbury on September 22, 1695 (The Reno Family, William L. Reno; Hug. Society Publ. Vol. 5). They may have remained in England after this time, as no further record of them in the colonies can be found. However, their son Lewis remained in Virginia and is the direct ancestor of thousands of Renos and Reneaus.".
Jean-Baptiste Shuemake's Timeline
Rochechouart, Limousin, France
Province of Virginia
London, Middlesex, England
Martinique, West Indies
Martinique, (French colony, West Indies)
Elk Run, Stafford County, Province of Virginia
April 7, 2000
March 4, 2003
March 15, 2003