Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Birthplace: Geneva, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland
Death: July 02, 1778 (66)
Château d'Ermenonville, Ermenonville, Picardy, France (Officially apoplexy - but suspicions of murder exist)
Place of Burial: Paris, Île-de-France, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Isaac Rousseau and Suzanne Bernard
Husband of Marie Therese Le Vassuer and Marie Thérèse Le Vasseur
Partner of Françoise Louise de Warens
Ex-partner of Louise d'Épinay
Father of Rebecca Beam
Brother of François Rousseau and Théodora Rousseau

Managed by: Leszek Mila
Last Updated:

About Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Francophone Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the Enlightenment in France and across Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the overall development of modern political and educational thought.

Rousseau's novel Emile, or On Education is a treatise on the education of the whole person for citizenship. His sentimental novel Julie, or the New Heloise was of importance to the development of pre-romanticism and romanticism in fiction. Rousseau's autobiographical writings—his Confessions, which initiated the modern autobiography, and his Reveries of a Solitary Walker—exemplified the late 18th-century movement known as the Age of Sensibility, and featured an increased focus on subjectivity and introspection that later characterized modern writing. His Discourse on Inequality and The Social Contract are cornerstones in modern political and social thought.

During the period of the French Revolution, Rousseau was the most popular of the philosophes among members of the Jacobin Club. He was interred as a national hero in the Panthéon in Paris, in 1794, 16 years after his death.


Jacob, François: "Rousseau, Jean-Jacques", in: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (HLS), Version vom 25.05.2012, übersetzt aus dem Französischen. Online:, konsultiert am 23.10.2021.

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Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Timeline

June 28, 1712
Geneva, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland
Geneva, Republik und Kanton Genf, Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (Switzerland)
July 2, 1778
Age 66
Château d'Ermenonville, Ermenonville, Picardy, France
October 11, 1794
Age 66
Moved from Ermenonville to the Panthéon, Paris, Île-de-France, France