Jean-Louis Riel dit L'Irlande, Sr.

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Jean-Louis Riel dit L'Irlande, Sr.

Birthplace: Île-à-la-Crosse, Saskatchewan, Canada
Death: Died in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Jean-Baptiste Riel dit L'Irlande and Marguerite Riel
Husband of Marie Swampy Cree and Julie Riel
Father of Marguerite Riel; Louis David Riel, Jr.; Elie Riel; Elsie Riel; Philomene Riel and 7 others
Brother of Sophie Riel; Lucie Priscille Riel dit l'Irlande; Francis Riel; Marie-Louise Riel; Jean-Baptiste Riel and 6 others

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About Jean-Louis Riel dit L'Irlande, Sr.

RIEL, LOUIS, farmer, miller, and Métis leader; b. July 1817 at Île-à-la-Crosse (Sask.), eldest son of Jean-Baptiste Riel, dit L’Irlande, a voyageur, and Marguerite Boucher, a Franco-Chipewyan Métisse; d. 21 Jan. 1864 at Saint-Boniface (Man.).

Extrait de "The Manitoba Historical Society"

Born at Île-à-la-Crosse in what is now Saskatchewan, he went east to Lower Canada with his family in 1822 and was educated there as a wool carder. At age 21 he joined the Hudson's Bay Company at Rainy River, where he served from 1838 to 1840. In 1842he returned East to study for thepriesthood as a novitiate with the Oblate Order, but left after a few months to settle at Red River. When he came west in 1843, he married Julie, the daughter of Jean-Baptiste Lagimodière and Marie-Anne Gaboury. There were eleven children of whom the eldest was Louis “David” Riel. He became known as the miller of the Seine after he established a mill on the Seine River, near St. Boniface, to grind grain and card wool for the Grey Nuns of St. Boniface. Tradition has it that almost single-handed he dug a nine mile channel to divert water to turn the mill wheel. However, the mill business failed in the late 1850s. The millstones are on display in Winnipeg.

He supported the free traders within the Métis, and also insisted that the Council of Assiniboia have Métis representation and that the courts of Red River employ French. With James Sinclair and Georges Belcourt he led the struggle at Red River to break the fur trade monopoly of the Hudson’s Bay Company. In 1849 when Guillaume Sayer was found guilty of trafficking in furs, Riel headed the three hundred armed men who surrounded the court hearing and demanded their right to free trade. Sayer was released without penalty. Later that year Riel was one of the petitioners demanding the removal of Adam Thom, the Recorder of Rupert’s Land. Thom was replaced with a bilingual judge, as requested in the petition.

Riel died in St. Boniface in 1864.

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Jean-Louis Riel dit L'Irlande, Sr.'s Timeline

June 7, 1817
Île-à-la-Crosse, Saskatchewan, Canada
October 23, 1840
Age 23
Île-à-la-Crosse, Division No. 18, SK, Canada
October 22, 1844
Age 27
St. Boniface, Manitoba, Canada
Age 27
Age 28
Age 29
October 11, 1848
Age 31
Winnipeg, Division No. 11, Manitoba, Canada
Age 34
Winnipeg, Division No. 11, Manitoba, Canada