Jean-Baptiste Pelletier dit Gobloteur

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Jean-Baptiste Pelletier dit Gobloteur

French: Jean PELLETIER
Birthdate: (70)
Birthplace: Tourouvre, Perche, France
Death: February 24, 1698 (70)
Rivière-Ouelle, Québec, Canada
Place of Burial: Rivière-Ouelle, Québec, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Guillaume Pelletier dit Gobloteur and Michelle Mabille
Husband of Marie-Anne Langlois
Father of Noël Pierre Pelletier, I; Anne Pelletier; Pierre Pelletier; René Pelletier dit Goubleau; Antoine Pelletier dit Globoteur and 7 others
Brother of Claude Pelletier; Antoine Pelletier; Guillaume Pelletier and Marie Pelletier

Occupation: Scieur de long, charpentier, charbonnierdéfricheur, Carpenter, charbonnier et defricheur, sawyer, charcoal-maker, farmer.
Managed by: David Senechal
Last Updated:

About Jean-Baptiste Pelletier dit Gobloteur


Statut Marié

Date de baptême 12-06-1627

Lieu d'origine Tourouvre (St-Aubin) (Orne) 61491

Parents Guillaume et Michelle Mabille

Métier du père Charbonnier

Date de mariage des parents 12-02-1619

Lieu de mariage des parents Tourouvre (St-Aubin) (61491)

Première mention au pays 1641

Occupation à l'arrivée Migrant arrivé avec ses parents

Date de mariage 09-11-1649

Lieu du mariage Québec (Notre-Dame)

Conjoint Anne Langlois

Décès ou inhumation Rivière-Ouelle, 24-02-1698

Remarques Son frère Claude est baptisé à Tourouvre (St-Aubin) le 11-02-1622, de même que son frère Guillaume le 26-02-1624. Ses grands-parents paternels sont Éloi Pelletier et Françoise Matte. Ses grands-parents maternels sont Guillaume Mabille et Étiennette Monhé.

Identification DGFQ, p. 887

Chercheur(s) Archange Godbout

Référence OFC, p. 172

Copie d'acte : SGCF numérisé

Jean Pelletier was baptized at Saint Auben de Tourouvre Church. He left for New France (Canada) with his parents and his Uncle Antoine in 1641.
Generation No. 3

      6. Jean3 Pelletier-dit-Gobloteur (Guillaume2, Eloi1 Pelletier) was born 12 Jun 1627 in St. Aubin de Tourouvre, Mortagne Orne, Perche Region, France, and died 24 Feb 1698 in Rivière Ouelle, Kamouraska, QC. He married Anne Langlois 09 Nov 1649 in Chapel of Seigneur Giffard, Québec City, QC, daughter of Noel Langlois and Francoise Garnier/Grenier. She was born 02 Sep 1637 in Notre Dame de Québec City, QC, and died 16 Mar 1704 in Rivière Ouelle, Kamouraska, QC.

Notes for Jean Pelletier-dit-Gobloteur: ©Association des Familles Pelletier Inc. In 1641 at age 14 he he left Tourouver and arrived in New France with his parents and uncle Antoine. At age 19, in August 1646, according to the well kept diary of the Jesuit superior, Father Jean Lalemant, Jean becomes a "donné" of the Jesuits, that is, he gives his services to the Jesuit missionary cause. In return, the Jesuits promise to pay Jean's family 100 francs for the first year of his service. Late in the month of August, 1646, Jean and many others leave Trois-Rivières in a fleet of eighty canoes bound for "Sainte-Marie aux pays des Hurons". This Jesuit outpost is a major fortress as well as a retreat house for the Jesuits on Georgian Bay on Lake Huron. The compound included a church, housing for the French settlers and the Jesuit missionaries, lodges for visiting Hurons, workshops, warehouses, and even a medical dispensary. Jean spends almost a full year at Sainte-Marie, a fact that is noted in the documents of the restored outpost, and returns to Beauport in 1647. On a mission he changed his decision and became engaged to Anne Langlois. In June and July, 1647, the bans of marriage are published three times at Québec between Jean Pelletier and Anne Langlois, daughter of Noël Langlois and Françoise Garnier/Grenier, neighbors at Beauport. The wedding was delayed however and did not take place for another two years because someone realizes that Anne, Jean's fiancée, is only ten years old in the summer of 1647, and the Church does not allow a marriage for anyone under the age of twelve. The wedding ceremony finally took place at Beauport, in the Seigneur Giffard's manor home on November 9, 1649. Jean, age 22, and Anne, age 12, wed without a formal notarized marriage contract. The young couple moved in with the groom's parents rather than with the bride's family. This is probably due to the fact that the Langlois home, in 1649, already housed ten individuals: eight children in addition to the parents. The Pelletier homestead, on the other hand, has only a total of three people: Jean and his parents. In 1655, while still living at Beauport with his parents, Jean and his brother-in-law, René Chevalier, purchase a small parcel of land along the St-Lawrence River just below the high cliffs of the upper city of Québec. The parcel measures only 30 feet by 30 feet. This parcel was never put to commercial use. The small parcel is eventually sold in 1674 to Louis Levasseur-Lesperance. After his father's death in 1657, Jean inherits his father's half of the family homestead, as in customary under communal property laws. His mother later gives up her half of the inheritance to her only son. In 1665, Jean rented out part of his land, giving rights to two acres of frontage to Guillaume Lizotte. Later he rented out more land to Guillaume Lizotte and Robert Gallien. In 1664, Jean and two of his brothers-in-law purchase land on Ile d'Orléans. Jean, however, does not move his family to the new home until after his mother's death in 1665. His mother-in-law, Françoise Garnier/Grenier, also dies in 1665, apparently as a result of an accident. The new property on Île d'Orléans has a two acre frontage on the St-Lawrence River and extends back to the road that crosses the island from north to south. It is located in what is today the western portion of St-Pierre parish on the northern side of the island. Jean and his family remain on Île d'Orléans for only two years. He was 35 years old in the Isle D'Orleans 1666 census with his wife Anne Langlois 24. These ages differ a little from their birth dates, this was normal for no one really cared about their exact ages. He was listed as a "charpentier" carpenter. The 1667 census reports that Jean's property has five acres cleared and that the family has a hired hand living with them, seventeen year old Guillaume Lemieux. On December 28, 1667, Jean sold his property on the island to his neighbor and brother-in-law, Jean Langlois, for 75 pounds and one suit. In the Spring of 1668, Jean and his family return to the original homestead at Beauport, the lease with Lizotte and Gallien having run out. It is during this period, in 1670, that Jean's wife Anne, at the age of 33, receives the sacrament of confirmation from the bishop at Québec City. In 1672, Jean and Pierre Grosleau are asked by Nicolas Juchereau to go to Grande-Anse to evaluate the property of Juchereau's deceased son-in-law, François Pallet. The trip to the new area stirs in Jean's mind the idea of moving again to a newer territory. Two years after his return to Beauport, in 1670, Jean became tied down in a series of court battles over property boundaries between himself and his two neighbors to the east, Jean Migneault and Charles Cadieu-de-Courville. Both had previously purchased land from Jean, and the original dispute is between these two only. However, Jean becomes involved because of his previous land sales. Court decisions are made, appealed, counter-appealed, and the bitter process drags on for six years, until 1676. Immediately after the final decisions were handed down on the land controversies, Jean sold the remainder of his father's original land to Charles Cadieu-de-Courville in 1676, and moved from his homestead in Beauport. Jean, his wife Anne and the five youngest children move to Île-aux-Grues. In 1669, Jean sold his property to Guillaume Lemieux, the family's former hired hand at Île d'Orléans. Lemieux was now Jean's brother-in-law, having married Jean's wife's younger sister, Elisabeth Langlois Cote, widow of Louis Cote. During the 1681 census we find Jean Pelletier at Beaupre 56; Anne Langlois sa femme 44, enfants: Rene 25, Jean 18, Marie 15, Charles 10, Marie 7, 1 fusil (a riffle); 9 betes a cornes (horned animals); 5 arpents en valeur (about 7.5 acres of land under cultivation). Jean and the remainder of his family make their final move to the Grande-Anse area. This area includes the villages of Rivière-Ouelle, Ste-Anne-de-la-Grande-Anse (later renamed Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatière), and St-Roch des Aulnaies. The whole territory had been ceded to Nicolas Juchereau as Seigneur. Jean and his family acquire a parcel of land at Les Aulnaies in the virgin forest which had a five acre frontage on the St-Lawrence River. Son Charles remained with his parents at Les Aulnaies and inherited the property at the time of his father's death. Later Charles purchased his mother's share of the property on January 12, 1704, shortly before her death. In 1690, General Phips left Boston with his fleet to attack Québec City. As he sails up the St-Lawrence River, he sent raiding parties ashore to terrorize French settlements along the coast. Forewarned by coastal patrols, the settlers at Grande-Anse, under the leadership of their priest, Abbé Francheville, prepare their defense and repulse Phips' raid on Rivière-Ouelle in the summer of 1690, killing many of Phips' raiders. Among those listed as brave defenders is Jean Pelletier. Whether it is Jean Pelletier, father, now age 62, or his son Jean who lives in neighboring Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatière, age 27, is not clear from the archives. It was most likely the younger Jean.

Memorial Monument: On October 28, 1998, Denis Pelletier, president of the Association des Familles Pelletier, Inc, unveiled a monument and plaque in St-Roch-des-Aulnaies, QC, in honor of Jean Pelletier's settling in the Grande-Anse area. In 1679, Jean Pelletier and Pierre St-Pierre were the first settlers in this area of New France on land granted to them by Nicolas Juchereau. Some of the original land granted to Jean Pelletier is still owned by his descendants. The plaque reads (English translation):

The Pelletier The Pelletiers were one of the two founding families of St-Roch-des Aulnaies.

Jean Pelletier (1627-1698), son of Guillaume, who arrived at Beauport in 1641, established himself at St-Roch-des-Aulnaies in 1679, with his spouse, Anne Langlois (1637-1704). They are both buried in the Rivière-Ouelle cemetery.

The land ceded to Jean Pelletier by Nicolas Jucheraeu in 1679, in the territory of the Aulnaies, remains to this day property of his direct descendants.

L'Associations des Familles Pelletier, Inc. August 7, 1998


©Association des Familles Pelletier Inc. 2010 (1627-1698) The "Canadian" Ancestor Guillaume Pelletier (1598-1657) and his wife, Michelle Mabille (1597-1665), who were already 43 and 44 years old when they arrived in New France in 1641, did not leave an heir of Canadian birth. It was their son, Jean, who traveled across the Atlantic with his parents from France, who would eventually perpetuate the Pelletier name in Canada. Although French by birth, Jean Pelletier deserves to be regarded as the first “Canadian” ancestor of this branch of the Pelletier family; his progeny has settled in great abundance throughout Canada, especially in the area of Quebec City, and more still in the “Bas Saint-Laurent” region of the Province. Having arrived in the colony in 1641 at the age of fourteen, a youth uprooted from his home and transplanted in a foreign land, it was in this rich Canadian soil that he truly took permanent root. Young Jean undoubtedly savored the sense of adventure while traveling west across the Atlantic, but a greater adventure awaited him: to settle in this new country and grow along with it.

Jean Pelletier and Religious Devotion: It did not take long for Jean to seek adventure in New France: in 1646, he volunteered with the Jesuits as a “donné”, a sort of missionary in training. At that time, Jean was nineteen years old, and he worked with his father at different construction sites in the area, mostly in Quebec City, where the Jesuits had established their missionary center; Guillaume and Jean were in constant contact with members of the order. Father Jérome Lalemant wrote in the Jesuit Journal on August 28, 1646, “I left alone in a canoe to go to Trois-Rivières. I brought with me in a rowboat two men and a child. One of the men was the son of the gobloteur, named Guillaume Pelletier, logger, sawyer, carpenter, coalman, etc. Although he volunteered with us suddenly, we promised his par-ents one hundred francs for his first year.” Somehow young Jean had learned of Lalemant’s departure for Trois-Rivières, perhaps from the good Father himself, and in an unexpected manner, he offered to accompany him, and volunteered with the Jesuits.

Fort Sainte-Marie-des-Hurons: To establish that Jean Pelletier was a Jesuit volunteer is one thing, but to conclude that, as such, he went as far as the Huron country at the edge of Georgian Bay, is another; no archives or rosters from the period in question provide us with a list of those laymen assigned to work at Fort Sainte-Marie-des-Hurons there. At most, a letter from Father Paul Raguemeau, dated May 1, 1647, tells us that the preceding fall, the Fort housed fifteen “donnés,” five hired hands, and four children. It is only by combining and consulting different texts that historians have been able to reconstruct, with any degree of exactitude, the lists of names corresponding to each on the these categories. With regard to Jean Pelletier, therefore, we have only the information that the Jesuit Journal provides, an extract of which is quoted above, telling us that Jean accompanied Lalemant on his voyage to Trois-Rivières. As Trois-Rivières was the site of a mission of great significance in New France, it is not surprising that this is where Jean went to serve the Jesuits as a “donné.” However, after a more attentive reading of the account, even if the name of Jean Pelletier is nowhere else mentioned explicitly, we can conclude that in 1646, he did not stop at Trois-Rivières, but instead accompanied a Huron convoy to Fort Sainte-Marie-des-Hurons.

A Difficult Wedding If Jean did really go to Huron country, there is no way to tell how long he stayed there. Historian Jean Côté has concluded that Jean would have had to return from Fort Sainte-Marie in 1649, given that he wed Anne Langlois in Quebec City on December 9 of that year. Jean Pelletier had had to wait to marry the young Anne, but not because he was serving the Jesuits at Fort Sainte-Marie; he had been forbidden to marry her earlier. Speaking of Jean’s volunteering with the Jesuits in 1646, Léon Roy indicates, “He was not meant for a life of vocation. The next year, he pledged himself in marriage to Anne Langlois.” In fact, Jean wanted to marry her that very year, 1647, but he had to wait two more years. The laws of the Church prevented their marriage because, at that time, Anne was only 10 years old! The three marriage banns had been published on three different feast days in June and July, but when the wedding day arrived, someone had discovered the canonical law preventing the union. Born September 2, 1637, Anne was not even technically ten years old! To be in order with the law of the Church, Anne and Jean had to wait until after her twelfth birthday to marry.

Admittedly, Jesuit volunteers of this time, like Jean, were not bound by a vow of perpetual celibacy, but within this particular order, his having attempted to marry Anne ended Jean’s contract as a “donné”. One might wonder also if Jean had not outlasted the probationary period to which all such volunteers were subject; Father Lalemant, to convince his reluctant superior general to maintain the institution, had introduced a one-year probationary period for all candidates before considering them for a more permanent engagement. We do not know exactly how long this period lasted, but we do find an indication in the Jesuit Journal, which mentions that Jean Pelletier’s parents would receive one hundred Francs for their son’s “first year” of service; this “first year” was probably the probationary period. On December 20, 1648, Jean Pelletier was godfather to the son of his soon-to-be brother-in-law; this child was christened Jean Langlois.

His children: On December 9, 1649, Jean Pelletier and Anne Langlois married in Quebec City. The young couple settled with Guillaume Pelletier, Jean’s father, in Beauport. Anne, daughter of Noël Langlois and Françoise Grenier, was herself from Beauport; her father’s land was the sixth tract to the west from that of Guillaume. Anne’s being only twelve years old at the time of her marriage, her first child was born five years later; seven of the couple’s nine.

Living in Beauport After Guillaume Pelletier’s death in 1657, Jean Pelletier inherited his father’s land in Beauport. His rambling youth, marked by crossing the Atlantic at 14 and by his evangelic calling to the missionaries at 19, had poorly prepared him for his future life as a sedentary colonist. His future travels, which would lead him to change homes at least four times, seem to confirm this hypothesis. However, the census of 1667 reveals that his land included twenty-five arpents of arable land, implying that he had been active throughout the years. This is a good average of land cleared, but we should also point out that by this time, Jean was the land’s third occupant, after his uncle and father. We are left to wonder, therefore, how many of these arpents belonged to Jean.

A Brief Stay on the Isle of Orleans In 1665, Jean Pelletier and his family temporarily left their home in Beauport. On January 21 of that year, Jean lost his mother, Michelle Mabille, who died at the age of 73. Later that same year, Anne’s mother, Françoise Grenier, was killed in an accident on October 31. It is almost as if Jean, previously tied to Beauport through familial obligations, could now realize an old dream: to move to the Isle of Orleans, where he had acquired property some two years before. This parcel of land was situated in the so-called “arrière-fief de la Chevalerie,” conceded to Jean by the Juchereau brothers, sons of Lord Jean Juchereau de Maure. Jean Pelletier’s brothers-in-law had preceded him to the Isle: Jean Langlois dit Boisverdun and Noël Langlois dit Traversy owned and cultivated the two parcels closest to Jean. In 1666, the census does not mention the number of arpents Jean had cleared; we learn only that his daughter, already eight days old, had not yet been baptized, and that he had a servant, Guillaume Lemieux, whom he paid monthly. A year later, a second census reported that Jean cultivated five arpents of land. That same year, on December 8, 1667, Jean sold his rights to the land on the Isle of Orleans to his sister’s brother, Jean Langlois dit Boisverdun, and the next spring, he and his family returned to Beauport, to his father’s land. The reason for this sudden departure is unknown, but we might assume that the impetus was related to the fact that most of his land in Beauport had been yielded to him in consideration of his farming it, which is to say, for a limited time, and if he did not farm it, he would forfeit his rights to it. It was undoubtedly in the Pelletier home in Beauport that, two years later, Guillaume Lizot proposed to Anne Pelletier, Jean’s daughter; indeed, only two years later, notary Paul Vachon drafted their marriage contract. Like her mother, Anne Pelletier married young, at the age of 13. In 1674, another wedding was celebrated, when the eldest son, Noël, married Madeleine Mignot. That same year, another joyous event greeted Jean, as his wife, Anne Langlois, although already a grandmother, became a mother for one last time, giving birth to a girl, Marie-Charlotte. Île-aux-Oies Now the father of seven, including a baby girl, at this point Jean Pelletier seemed resolved to finish his days in Beauport, on the land he had inherited from his father. Nevertheless, in 1675, he decided to leave Beauport again, this time moving to Île-aux-Oies; his wife and children joined him the following year. In 1678, we find the family on a parcel of land measuring six arpents across and limited in depth by the Île itself, totalling approximately twenty-six arpents at the east-end of the isle, across from L’Islet. His eldest children, Noël, husband of Madeleine Mignot, and Anne, wife of Guillaume Lizot, had remained in Beauport; in 1676, these two families established themselves at the Grande-Anse (Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière), an area that Jean had already investigated on behalf of the Juschereau brothers. At this point, Jean was faced with a decision: either stay on the Île-aux-Oies, or join his children and their families at Grande-Anse.

Jean did not stay longer than four years on the Île-aux-Oies. Selling his property there to Guillaume Lemieux, his former servant on the Isle of Orleans who had since become his brother-in-law, Jean departed for new land where to again clear a home for his family. Léon Roy, remarking that Jean Pelletier had thus occupied four different territories before finally settling permanently, asks, “Should we praise him as a valiant pioneer clearing land, or, on the contrary, should we wonder if these inconsistencies were not somehow detrimental to him?” Although it is true that if Jean Pelletier had resolved to die poor, he could not have taken better means to achieve his goal, that his movements were “inconsistent” is hardly the case. Speaking only of his moving from one place to another, we can say that Jean was not unlike many of his peers. At its beginning, Grande-Anse was populated by colonists once well-established in Beauport; it was a time of great expansion in the colony, and at the instigation of Intendant Jean Talon, new fiefs were established all over New France, and their seigniors were encouraged to grant as many concessions as possible. The Juchereau brothers, who controlled Grande-Anse and its surrounding area, wanted to populate their domain, so they solicited compatriots who, like themselves, originated from Perche. Be-sides, it was in the blood of these first Canadians to make their way in life by breaking new ground. At 52, Jean Pelletier, if he did indeed lack consistency, he certainly did not lack courage. Instead of settling near his children and family at Grande-Anse, he chose to start this new chapter of his life in a nearby concession, Saint-Roch-des-Aulnaies, an isolated dominion in the middle of the forest, where he had but one neighbour, Pierre Saint-Pierre.

The Grande-Anse Era From 1675 to 1680, seven colonists from Beauport established themselves and their families in the seigneury of Marie-Anne Juchereau, in La Pocatière. They were:

1. Noël Pelletier, son of Jean Pelletier, husband of Marie-Madeleine Mignot 2. Guillaume Lizot, husband of Anne Pelletier, Jean's daugther 3. Nicolas Lebel, husband of Thérèse Mignot, daughter of Jean 4. Jean Mignot, husband of Louise Cloutier and father of Marie-Madeleine and Xaintes 5. René Ouellet, who later wed Thérèse Mignot, widow of Nicolas Lebel 6. 6. Nicolas Huot-Saint-Laurent, husband of Marie Fayet 7. 7. Jean Grondin, husband of Xaintes Mignot We need not look far to find the familial relationships linking the members of this group! On March 16, 1676, Guillaume Lizot, son-in-law of Jean Pelletier, sold his land in Beauport to move to Grande-Anse-de-la-Pocatière (Sainte-Anne) with three of his brothers-in-law, Noël Pelletier, Nicolas Lebel, and Jean Grondin; Lizot and Anne Pelletier went on to have nine children. While he and Anne settled at the western end of the seigneury, close to Saint-Roch, Noël Pelletier chose to settle at the opposite end, close to Rivière-Ouelle; Noël eventually had eight children of his own. Pionneer of Saint-Roch-des-Aulnaies In 1679, instead of settling in La Pocatière, near his children who had established themselves there three years before, Jean Pelletier chose to settle in the seigneury of Saint-Roch-des-Aulnaies, where Nicolas Juchereau had conceded him five arpents of forest. At the same time, another colonist, Pierre Saint-Pierre, received a concession of land next to him; as Léon Roy comments, Jean Pelletier and Pierre Saint-Pierre were the first two colonists of Saint-Roch-des-Aulaies. Indeed, two years later, the census ordered by Monsignor Laval reported that Saint-Roch included “only two family: eleven souls”; Roy believes that for the next fifteen years, Jean and Pierre were the only two colonists of Saint-Roch, the two families living approximately fifteen arpents from each other. It was only in 1694 that their first neighbor, Joseph Oullet, son of René Ouellet, joined them.

At 52, Jean Pelletier was thus starting a new life from scratch, but, admittedly, he was not alone. He could count on the assistance of his two young sons, René, 23, and Jean, 16, the youngest, Charles, being still but eight years old. After two years, again citing the census of 1681, Jean and his sons had cleared five arpents of arable land; he had nine cows and owned one musket. He would, however, soon lose the assistance of both his sons. In 1682, René left Saint-Roch and purchased his father’s old land on the Isle of Orleans; he was the only one of Jean’s children to not settle in the “Bas Saint-Laurent” region of Quebec. In 1686, twenty-three-year-old Jean decided that his time had come to leave his father’s house, and he settled in Grande-Anse-de-la-Pocatière, close to his brother, Noël; about 1688, he married Marie-Anne Huot-Saint-Laurent, with whom he had eight children. That same year, 1686, Jean Pelletier also saw his daughter, Marie, marry Jacques Gerbert, of Cap-Saint-Ignace, leaving with him only his son Charles, age 15, and daughter Marie-Charlotte, age 12. By now Jean was almost sixty years old. We might imagine him alone on his small land in the middle of the dense forest, with only one neighbour, Pierre Saint-Pierre, and with only one route connecting his him and his family in Grande-Anse, the Saint Lawrence River.

His death at Saint-Anne-de-la-Pocatière; From 1690 to 1698, the year of his death, Jean Pelletier is not cited in the annals of New France. We have, however, been able to establish that Jean did not die at Saint-Roch, but at Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière (Grande-Anse), in late February 1698, at the age of 71 years. We believe that Jean, old and sick, did not want to be a burden to his young son, Charles, who, now married to Marie-Thérèse Ouellet, daughter of René Ouellet, could manage on his own at Saint-Roch; Charles and Marie-Thérèse had five children, and with his second wife, Marie-Barbe Saint-Pierre, he would eventually have ten more. Undoubtedly, Jean felt it more suitable to go and live the rest of his days with one of his other children in Sainte-Anne. Given that his widow, Anne Langlois, died some years later at the home of her son, Noël Pelletier, it is almost certain that Jean died there as well. As Noël was the couple’s first child, a pioneer of Sainte-Anne, and undoubtedly well-established, it is possible that he supported his father and mother in their old age. Having died at Sainte-Anne, Jean Pelletier was buried in Rivière-Ouelle, the only cemetery and church in the area of Grande-Anse. As for his widow, Anne Langlois – referred to as “the good woman Pelletier” by Father Bernard de Roqueleyn –, on January 12, 1704, she went “to the farm of Monsieur d’Auteuil with her son, Charles Pelletier, to declare having sold to him, her son, a portion of land, given her according to her right as widow to choose, that she has declared having taken in the northeast [of the property], consisting of two and a half arpents of frontage…” (Cf. notary Janneau, 1710). Anne thus sold to Charles his share of the family land, which was due to him after his father’s death; the same notaries registry reports that she also sold to him her furniture. Anne Langlois died at the age of 65 on March 16, 1704, and was buried in Rivière-Ouelle. At the time of his death, Jean Pelletier had been able to see all his children marry and settle: Noël, Anne, Jean, and Charlotte in La Pocatière, René on the Isle of Orleans, and Marie in Cap-Saint-Ignace. Charles, the youngest son, had succeeded his father on his land in Saint-Roch. On the day of his death, in addition to his wife and children, Jean also left twenty-six grandchildren, and he had even had the pleasure of knowing some of his great-grandchildren, as Noël Pelletier, Jr., had a daughter, and Nicolas-Claude Mignot, eldest son of Anne Pelletier, had two children as well. Having been uprooted from its native Tourouvre in 1641, Jean Pelletier and his family quickly prospered greatly in North America. Taken from “Histoire et généalogie de Guillaume Pelletier 1598-1657 et son fils Jean,” by Maurice Pelletier, s.j. (Montréal: Société généalogique Canadienne-Française, 1976; 24 pp). English translation by B.J. Shoja. 2003

Notes for Anne Langlois: I did not record all of Jean Pelletier and Anne Langlois's grand children or great grand children. Because my file is quite large already. I recorded only the families of my ancestors and the ones that married my great+++ grand uncles and aunts. The others can all be found in Jette or at PRDH.


Children of Jean Pelletier-dit-Gobloteur and Anne Langlois are: + 7 i. Noel4 Pelletier, born 03 May 1654 in Québec City, QC; died 31 Aug 1712 in Rivière Ouelle, Kamouraska, QC. + 8 ii. Anne Pelletier, born 01 Oct 1656 in Québec City, QC; died 01 Oct 1696 in Québec City, QC. + 9 iii. Rene Pelletier, born 02 Mar 1659 in Québec City, QC; died 13 Jan 1713 in St. Pierre de l'Île d'Orléans, QC.

      10       iv.       Antoine Pelletier, born 11 Dec 1661 in Beauport, QC; died 26 Dec 1661 in Québec City, QC.

+ 11 v. Jean Pelletier, born 19 Apr 1663 in Beauport, QC; died 12 Mar 1739 in St. Roch des Aulnaies, QC.

      12       vi.       Marie-Delphine Pelletier, born 29 Jan 1666 in Beauport, QC; died 27 Feb 1666 in Québec City, QC.

+ 13 vii. Marie Pelletier, born 04 May 1667 in Ste. Famille de l'Île d'Orléans, Montmorency, QC; died 06 Nov 1725 in Cap St. Ignace, Montmagny, QC. + 14 viii. Charles Pelletier, born 25 Sep 1671 in Beauport, QC; died 30 Dec 1748 in St. Roch des Aulnaise, Kamouraska, QC.

      15       ix.       Marie-Charlotte Pelletier, born 29 Sep 1674 in Beauport, QC; died 02 Sep 1699 in Rivière Ouelle, Kamouraska, QC. She married Andre Migner/Mignier-dit-Lagace 10 Nov 1693 in Notre Dame de Liesse, Rivière Ouelle, Kamouraska, QC; born 04 Oct 1669 in Québec City, QC; died 04 Feb 1729 in La Pocatière, Kamouraska, QC.

"Jean Pelletier, the artist, the goblet maker"

The Gobloteur Guillaume Pelletier, father of Jean Pelletier had a nickname, “Gobloteur,” but whether he had this name in France or earned it in Canada, we do not know; the Jesuit Journal of 1646 mentions “the Gobloteur, named Guillaume Pelletier.” Use of this byname has not perpetuated to the 21st century, so we must consult the 1762 edition of Trévoux’s Dictionary, in which we find the word “gobelotor.” Coming from the word “gobelot” or “goblet,” meaning drinking mug, “gobelotor” means one who drinks often and, by extension, one who likes to laugh and sing. The English version of the Jesuit Journal translates “Gobloteur” as “Tippler,” or drunkard, but, even if this translation draws us to the same conclusions about Guillaume, it lacks the French nuances! Instead, we prefer the Trévoux definition, found also in Bélisle’s General Dictionary of the French Language in Canada, which recognizes the Gobloteur as a happy man who likes to drink, laugh, and sing! Guillaume Pelletier passed his byname along to his son, Jean, who in turn transmitted it to some of his descendants. Léon Roy, in his “Terre de l’Île d’Orléans,” mentions Jean Pelletier Gobleteux, who owned parcel number fifty-three in the parish of Saint-Pierre. This land, later conveyed to his son, René, was located between René Goubleu and Jacques Nolin. Roy comments, “We believe that this René Goubleu was none other than René Pelletier himself, son of Jean Pelletier, nicknamed “Gobloteux.” To our knowledge, “Gobloteur” is nowhere to be found among the names of Quebec today. However, a more recent alternative view suggest something totally different about this man's accepted and listed Parentage and about his and his son Jean's and a few of his children's possible alcohol abuses and nick name, Gobleteur, which after reading the above lead some to think them as being possible drunkards and proud of it because they attached it to their name. After seeing them in this more positive light the view of seeing them as possible known drunkards become less believable which begs us to dismiss the above view which may not be the case at all, in fact, very far from it! Many Pelletier descendants are offended by what was written above and do not believe that their ancestor was a drunkard as the above suggest and some have come to learn and better believe this newer alternative view much better because it sheds a better believable, factual and historic light for why these early Pelletiers chose to attach the word, Gobleteur, to their name... At La Cristerie, Guillaume Peletier’s home in Bresolletes France, a French Canadian, a writer/genealogist and artist and a descendant of Guillaume, met Jacqueline Gaudet nee Pelletier, the care taker and occupant at the time of La Cristerie, back in 2004 – She informed him that the latest information within the Pelletier family (In France, Canada and some in the US) was that we now knew of Eloi’s real father, being that of René Pelletier, a direct descendant of Barthelemy Le Pelletier of Brittany France, the decorated war hero of the battle of Thouars, in Poitou, in 1372, against the black Prince of England during the 100 year war with England and husband of Marie Cupit who were both possibly to be originally from the nearby city of Chartes France – and how we know is because it is said by the Tourouvians of this region of France that, he (Rene' Pelletier), was from the valley near the closest large city/town which would of been Chartes and that Eloi Pelletier was his son. This new revelation, or newer point of view is not the current and the above listed set of Parents and Grandparents of Eloi Pelletier, the Father of Guillaume Pelletier, Le Gobloteux but is rather, the other accepted point of view held by many of the descendants of this Guillaume Pelletier branch and is also the view held by many local historians of the Tourouvre, Bresolettes area in France, the birth place of Guillaume Pelletier, Le Gobloteux. I (John Pelletier, also a valid descendant of Guillaume) after many discussions with this writer in which he said, in so many words, In my actual travels there, and the lay of the land with imagining life five hundred years ago, everything seemed to fall into place. At that time, the Pelletier family had at least one relative in Chartres who was shown in the Paris archives as a tax collector and not necessarily closely related (given that there were a number of families with the same first name and also carried the name of Pelletier in that region). By interpolation as a writer, I chose Chartres as both the ideal and logical probability. It gave me a storyline that I preferred and the logic of a true European beginning, hiding in a vegetable bin from the kings marauding soldiers who were known to often take liberties with local poor peasants. (This man recently wrote a book of the Pelletier history and of his lineage to the Pelletier line. I dare not use his name because I did not ask for his permission to use it)

He continued to tell me, again, in so many words not necessarily all the words that are shown, all of my information was passed down to me by actual relatives and verified by a (possibly) more credible family historian, Dr. George Pelletier. His site is I spoke with him a number of years ago and as even then he was a retired surgeon, such that I wouldn’t be surprised if he has handed his site and his work to someone else. Like me, he actually visited the locations. The only information in family lineage that I added to his details, was that of the name of René Pelletier who may very well be the real biological Father of Eloi Pelletier, the Father of Guillaume Pelletier.

Also, he said, quite infactacally, I am correct in that Jean was a goblet maker, an artist in his spare time, as like his Father Guillaume and possibly even his grandfather, when he wasn't occupied with farming, building, carpentry, raising a family and exploring Huron country building Churches and was not a known drunk as the words, Gobleteur may suggest to some. It was well known that he was into making ceramics, a potter, a craftsman, a maker of beautifully crafted goblets as his chosen form of art, as like his Father, Guillaume. His name and nick name (Gobletuer) was on the land title as such on his farm (or right to farm) on Île d’ Orleans. It is very certain that he wasn’t a drunk as he, a devoutly religious man excelled to the extent of buying his neighbors farm and went on to also buy a commercial property in Quebec City in partnership with his brother-in-law and was also known to build Churches. For that reason I again interpolate that the commercial property, which is now a retail row as it was then, was for pottery sales and/or manufacturing and was not a building to house a drunkard as his nick name, Gobloteux, may suggest to some. Besides, let's say for a moment that he was a drunkard, why would he add the nick name, Gobloteux to his good name and to his land titles so he could tell the world that he and his descendants were known drunkards? This doesn't make sense, especially given the "ultra religious" time period in which they lived. I'm sure the then powerful, French Roman Catholic Church would of written something about it and would not of allowed drunkards to build their Churches. C-mon now, think about it?

Here is what is interesting about what we may call rumor: 1. On the internet I once crossed a site, not worth reading in detail, by a man stating that he was a decedent of Jean Pelletier who held the nick-name because he drank so much. I passed it off as simply being the ravings of a contemporary whose focus was on booze. 2. As a second step it has now come to my attention that this individual or others like him, are using the same interpretation. I’ll leave the choice up to you and I hope that my assumptions in the book are clear. My assumptions were verified by individuals at the land titles office in Quebec. There were many drunks at that time in history but none of them would have had it registered at land titles offices or hung a shingle on their front door saying a drunk lives here. Registrations by the Lords of the Manor were quite official and not just a matter of nick names.

Jean was the only one of his siblings to survive to adulthood. He immigrated to New France with his parents and uncle in 1641. In the fall of 1647 through to the spring of 1648 he accompanied the Jesuits on missions down the St. Lawrence River.

In 1679 the family settled in St. Roch-des-Aulnaies, Quebec. The 1681 census shows 11 people living here – there was only one other family at the time at this location. During the French and Indian Wars (1689) an English expedition was pushed back at Riviere-Ouelle & Jean was probably one of the heroes of this skirmish.

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Jean-Baptiste Pelletier dit Gobloteur's Timeline

June 12, 1627
Tourouvre, Perche, France
June 12, 1627
Tourouvre, Perche, France
May 3, 1654
Age 26
Québec, Canada
October 1, 1656
Age 29
Québec City, Québec, Canada
March 2, 1659
Age 31
Québec, Québec, Canada
March 2, 1659
Age 31
Québec, QC, Canada
December 11, 1661
Age 34
Beauport, Quebec, Canada
April 19, 1663
Age 35
Beauport, Nouvelle France (Present Quebec)