Eugene Paul Wigner
Hungarian: Wigner Jeno Pál
|Birthplace:||Budapest, Király u. 76., Hungary|
|Death:||Died in Princeton, New Jersey, United States|
Son of Antal Wigner and Elisabeth Elsa Wigner
|Managed by:||Private User|
Historical records matching Eugene Wigner, Nobel Prize in Physics 1963
About Eugene Wigner, Nobel Prize in Physics 1963
Eugene Paul "E. P." Wigner (Wigner Jenő Pál; November 17, 1902 – January 1, 1995) FRS was a Hungarian American theoretical physicist and mathematician.
He received a share of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963 "for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"; the other half of the award was shared between Maria Goeppert-Mayer and J. Hans D. Jensen. Wigner is important for having laid the foundation for the theory of symmetries in quantum mechanics as well as for his research into the structure of the atomic nucleus. It was Eugene Wigner who first identified Xe-135 "poisoning" in nuclear reactors, and for this reason it is sometimes referred to as Wigner poisoning. Wigner is also important for his work in pure mathematics, having authored a number of theorems.
- Nobel Prize, 1963
- Franklin Medal, 1950
- Atoms for Peace Award, 1959
- Eugene P. Wigner Reactor Physicist Award at the American Nuclear Society.
- Enrico Fermi Award.
- Wigner Fellowship Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).
- "Auditorium at ORNL Renamed in Honor of Eugene P. Wigner" ORNL Press Release, (Jan. 11, 1996).
Kisbolygó Wigner Jenőről
Az 2001. január 1-jén két magyar csillagász által (Sárneczky Krisztián és Kiss László) által fölfedezett kisbolygót Wigner Jenőről nevezték el (75570 Jenőwigner).
Asteroid after Eugene Wigner
On 1 January 2001. discovered asteroid by two Hungarian astronomer (Chris Sárneczky and Laszlo Kiss) named after Eugene Wigner (75570 Jenőwigner).