Eugene Wigner, Nobel Prize in Physics 1963

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Eugene Paul Wigner

Hungarian: Wigner Jeno Pál
Birthdate: (92)
Birthplace: Budapest, Király u. 76., Hungary
Death: January 1, 1995 (92)
Princeton, New Jersey, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Antal Anton Wigner and Elisabeth Elsa Wigner
Husband of Amelia Zippora Wigner; Mary Annette Wigner and <private> Hamilton, Wigner (Clairpaton)
Father of <private> Wheeler-Wigner and <private> Upton (Wigner)
Brother of Berta Lantos and Margit Dirac (Balasz)

Occupation: physicist, Physicist
Managed by: Balázs Déri
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Eugene Wigner, Nobel Prize in Physics 1963

Eugene Paul "E. P." Wigner (Wigner Jenő Pál; November 17, 1902 – January 1, 1995) FRS was a Hungarian American theoretical physicist and mathematician.

He received a share of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963 "for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"; the other half of the award was shared between Maria Goeppert-Mayer and J. Hans D. Jensen. Wigner is important for having laid the foundation for the theory of symmetries in quantum mechanics as well as for his research into the structure of the atomic nucleus. It was Eugene Wigner who first identified Xe-135 "poisoning" in nuclear reactors, and for this reason it is sometimes referred to as Wigner poisoning. Wigner is also important for his work in pure mathematics, having authored a number of theorems.


  • Nobel Prize, 1963
  • Franklin Medal, 1950
  • Atoms for Peace Award, 1959
  • Eugene P. Wigner Reactor Physicist Award at the American Nuclear Society.
  • Enrico Fermi Award.
  • Wigner Fellowship Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).
  • "Auditorium at ORNL Renamed in Honor of Eugene P. Wigner" ORNL Press Release, (Jan. 11, 1996).

Kisbolygó Wigner Jenőről

Az 2001. január 1-jén két magyar csillagász által (Sárneczky Krisztián és Kiss László) által fölfedezett kisbolygót Wigner Jenőről nevezték el (75570 Jenőwigner).

Asteroid after Eugene Wigner

On 1 January 2001. discovered asteroid by two Hungarian astronomer (Chris Sárneczky and Laszlo Kiss) named after Eugene Wigner (75570 Jenőwigner).

Nobel Laureate, Physics, 1963

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Eugene Wigner, Nobel Prize in Physics 1963's Timeline

November 17, 1902
Budapest, Király u. 76., Hungary
January 1, 1995
Age 92
Princeton, New Jersey, United States