João IV o Restaurador, rei de Portugal

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João IV 'o Restaurador' de Bragança, rei de Portugal

Also Known As: "Le Fortunâe"
Birthplace: Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Teodósio II, Duke of Braganza and Ana de Velasco y Girón
Husband of Luisa Maria Perez de Guzman, Rainha consorte de Portugal
Father of Maria de Bragança; Joana, Princesa da Beira; Ana de Bragança; Catherine of Braganza, Queen Consort of England; Manuel de Bragança and 3 others
Brother of Duarte de Bragance and Alexandre de Bragance

Occupation: Roi du Portugal, Rei de Portugal
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About João IV o Restaurador, rei de Portugal

20 octubre - Portugal. Consagración de Portugal a NS de la Inmaculada Concepción (1646)


María lleva la corona real de Portugal desde hace más de tres siglos

Portugal fue puesto bajo el patrocinio de la Virgen María, desde la Edad Media. El 1° de diciembre de 1640, después de 60 de unión con España, los portugueses recuperan su independencia.

Seis años más tarde, el nuevo rey Juan IV de Portugal pone al país bajo la protección de la Inmaculada Concepción: en la iglesia de Vila Viçosa donde se encuentra el palacio familiar, le coloca la corona real a Notre-Dame de la Concepción que fue proclamada Reina y patrona de Portugal. Después, los reyes de Portugal no llevaron nunca más la corona sobre la cabeza. Hoy todavía, el 08 de diciembre es en Portugal día feriado en el que los Católicos festejan a quien es reina, patrona y protectora de su país..



Dios te salve, María, llena eres de gracia, el Señor es contigo, bendita tú eres entre todas las mujeres y bendito es el fruto de tu vientre, Jesús. Santa María, Madre de Dios, ruega por nosotros, pecadores, ahora y en la hora de nuestra muerte. Amen. John IV; 18 March 1603 – November 6, 1676) was the king of Portugal and the Algarves from 1640 to his death. He was the grandson of Catherine, Duchess of Braganza, who had in 1580 claimed the Portuguese crown and sparked the struggle for the throne of Portugal. John was nicknamed John the Restorer (João o Restaurador). On the eve of his death in 1656, the Portuguese empire reached its zenith spanning almost 3 billion acres.

John was born at Vila Viçosa and succeeded his father Teodósio II as Duke of Braganza when the latter died insane in 1630. He married Luisa de Guzman (1613-1666), eldest daughter of the Duke of Medina-Sidonia, in 1633. By the unanimous voice of the people he was raised to the throne of Portugal (of which he was held to be the legitimate heir) during the revolution on December 1, 1640, against the Spanish king Philip IV.

His accession led to a protracted war (the Portuguese Restoration War) with Spain, which only ended with the recognition of Portuguese independence in a subsequent reign (1668). Portugal signed alliances with France (June 1, 1641) and Sweden (August 1641) but by necessity its only contributions in the Thirty Years' War were in the field against Spain and against Dutch encroachments on the Portuguese colonies.

In Spain, a Portuguese invasion force defeated the Spanish at Montijo, near Badajoz, in 1644. Abroad, the Dutch took Malacca (Jan 1641) and the Sultan of Oman captured Muscat (1648). Nevertheless the Portuguese, despite having to divide their forces among Europe, Brazil and Africa, managed to retake Luanda, in Angola, from the Dutch in 1648 and, by 1654, had recovered most of Brazil, effectively ceasing to be a viable Dutch colony. This was countered by the loss of Ceilan (Portuguese Ceilão), present day Sri Lanka, to the Dutch who took Colombo in 1656.

King John IV died in 1676 and was succeeded by his son Afonso VI. His daughter Catarina (Catherine of Braganza) married King Charles II of England.

John was a patron of music and the arts, and a considerably sophisticated writer on music; in addition to this, he was a composer. During his reign he collected one of the largest libraries in the world, but it was destroyed in the Lisbon earthquake of 1755. Among his writings is a defense of Palestrina, and a Defense of Modern Music (Lisbon, 1649). His most famous composition is a setting of the Crux fidelis, a work that remains highly popular during Lent amongst church choirs. ("b 1603") ("b 1604")
Juhana IV (maaliskuu 1603 – 6. marraskuuta 1656) oli Portugalin kuningas vuodesta 1640 kuolemaansa asti. Hän oli vuodesta 1630 lähtien myös Bragançan herttua. Juhana IV keräsi valtakaudellaan suuren kirjaston, joka kuitenkin tuhoutui Lissabonin maanjäristyksessä vuonna 1755. Kun Juhana IV kuoli, valtaan nousi hänen poikansa Alfonso VI.

Espanjan Habsburg-sukuinen kuningas Filip IV hallitsi myös Portugalia 1621, hänyritti tehdä Portugalista Espanjan maakunnan, hän sai vastaansa kapinan ja menetti Portugalin kuninkaan aseman 1640, kun portugalilaiset nostivat kuninkaakseen Bragançan suvun Juhana IV:n. Juhana oli kaukaista sukua Portugalia vuodet 1385-1580 Avis-suvun kantaisälle kunigas Juhana I:lle.

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João IV o Restaurador, rei de Portugal's Timeline

March 18, 1604
Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
January 21, 1635
Age 30
September 18, 1635
Age 31
Villa Vizosa, Portugal
November 25, 1638
Age 34
Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal
Age 35
Villa Vizosa, Portugal
August 21, 1643
Age 39
Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
Age 39
October 27, 1645
Age 41
Villa Vizosa, Portugal
April 26, 1648
Age 44
Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal